A 121.4-dB DR Capacitively Coupled Chopper Class-D Audio Amplifier
Zhang, H. (TU Delft Electronic Instrumentation)
Berkhout, Marco (Goodix Technologies)
Makinwa, K.A.A. (TU Delft Microelectronics)
Fan, Q. (TU Delft Microelectronics)
This article presents a class-D amplifier (CDA) with high dynamic range (DR). To eliminate the typically dominant noise contribution of a resistive feedback network, the input and feedback signals are chopped and applied to a capacitive feedback network. However, this leads to high-voltage (HV) transients at the input of the loop filter, which, due to timing and impedance mismatch in the chopped feedback network, could degrade linearity and even overstress low-voltage (LV) core devices. Robust processing of the HV chopped feedback signal is guaranteed with chopper timing skew correction, chopper impedance matching, and deadbanding. The prototype, implemented in a 180-nm bipolar-CMOS-DMOS (BCD) process, achieves 121.4 dB of DR, 5.9 dB higher than state-of-the-art closed-loop CDAs, and 8-μVRMS output-referred noise (A-weighted). It also achieves a peak total harmonic distortion (THD) + N of -109.8 dB and a peak efficiency of 93%/88% while driving 15 W/26 W into an 8-4-Ω load.
Audio power amplifier
To reference this document use:
capacitively coupled chopper amplifier
class-D amplifier (CDA)
dynamic range (DR)
IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits, 57 (12), 3736-3745
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© 2022 H. Zhang, Marco Berkhout, K.A.A. Makinwa, Q. Fan