Print Email Facebook Twitter Magic Magnetic:Playground equipment for improving girls’ gross motor manipulative skills Title Magic Magnetic:Playground equipment for improving girls’ gross motor manipulative skills Author De Groot, D.M. Contributor Boersema, T. (mentor) Wormgoor, R. (mentor) Faculty Industrial Design Engineering Department Industrial Design Date 2014-05-23 Abstract Today’s 10 year olds will die at a younger age than their parents will (Sportnext, 2012). For the first time in years the life expectancy of a human has declined. During the last few decades in Europe young people’s physical performance has declined. A decrease can be identified in most of the motor abilities, and physical performances such as speed, endurance and strength (Brettschneider & Naul, 2004). Research has been done in order to determine the differences between boys and girls concerning physical activity. Literature research and interviews with experts indicated that girls are less physically active than boys (Harten, Olds & Dollman, 2007). Girls also have less developed gross motor manipulative skills (GMMS). Reasons for the differences between boys and girls might be both internal and external. Internal reasons for example are the differences in interests of the two sexes. An external reason is that girls and boys are stimulated differently by culture and environment. Girls also feel that boys have greater skills in sports, which results in girls participating less in certain sport and activities (Frost, Wortham & Reifel, 2012). Many sports and games played by children require mastering GMMS (ball skills). In order to enable more equal chances among boys and girls a solution should be found. It is assumed that helping girls to develop GMMS will also help them gaining confidence to participate more in ball sports and games. In collaboration with Studio Jan Ooms playground equipment is developed in order to give six to eight year old girls a chance to practice and develop ball skills. To further develop the chosen concept and to test the interaction between user and product a mock-up model of the Magic Magnetic was tested with eight boys and girls. It was evident that the participating children were enjoying themselves a lot when they were playing with the Magic Magnetic (§ 5.3.3).The children also believed that the game will help developing ball skills. It was noticed during the test that the playing area was too small and the table’s shape needed to be changed. Using strong magnets increases the effect on the movement of the ball. For that reason in the final design even stronger magnets will be placed inside the table than the ones used in the mock-up model. Different patterns of the magnets and two settings were tested during the mock-up test. The game has been played and tested with and without bowling pins. Both were experienced as a lot of fun. For the final design a decision has been made to leave out the bowling pins. In future product development the bowling pins can be reconsidered as they add a lot of game possibilities to the product. The Magic Magnetic is a magnetic table with a magnetic ball hanging above this table. It consists of a ball suspended from a pole by a chain, and a bowl shaped table underneath. A strong magnet is inserted inside the ball to make it magnetic. The table’s surface contains several groups of strong magnets as well. The magnets inside the table’s surface are repelling the magnet inside the ball. This is causing the ball to move unpredictably. Children can stand around the table and inside the gaps of the table’s surface to play with the ball. They can discover the magnets and try to play and throw around them. On the surface of the table are coloured lines. These lines are positioned in a way that when a ball is being thrown exactly in that direction the ball will follow the path of the line. Because this game only requires the use of hands, it is also possible for children in a wheelchair to play. The product will be placed in a public outdoor environment. Girls are given the opportunity to practice and play whenever they want to. Further research is required to evaluate the final design. In order to check the play value and the interaction with the final design a prototype must be built and tested with the target group. Subject childrenmotor skillsgross motor manipulative skillsball skillsmagnets To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:3540ec70-a8de-498b-baea-f8dedd05284f Access restriction Campus only Part of collection Student theses Document type master thesis Rights (c) 2014 De Groot, D.M.