Print Email Facebook Twitter Quantum Markov Semigroups and the Lindblad Master Equation Title Quantum Markov Semigroups and the Lindblad Master Equation: A generalisation to countably infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces of the Lindblad form for generators commuting with the modular automorphism group Author de Bos, Hidde (TU Delft Applied Sciences; TU Delft Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science) Contributor Caspers, M.P.T. (mentor) Blanter, Y.M. (mentor) Terhal, B.M. (graduation committee) van der Toorn, R. (graduation committee) Degree granting institution Delft University of Technology Programme Applied Mathematics Date 2021-08-06 Abstract Quantum Markov Semigroups (QMS) describe the evolution of a quantum system by evolving a projection or density operator in time. QMS are generated by a generator obeying the well-known Lindblad equation. However, this is a difficult equation. Therefore, the result that the Lindblad form greatly simplifies in the case of the generator commuting with the modular automorphisms group, is useful. Unfortunately, the proof only works for finite dimensional Hilbert spaces, which is why the aim of this thesis is to generalise this result to countably infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces. To this end, the Lindblad equation is derived from both a mathematical and physical perspective. Where the former relies on rigorous proof and the latter relies on approximations. In the rigorous case the theory of unital completely positive maps is used. Furthermore, multiple topologies are considered which put less stringent conditions on the operators of interest than the norm topology. Additionally, the Haar measure is used on the unitaries of the bounded linear operators to construct the explicit Lindblad form. To derive the result by employing physical assumptions the interaction picture is used. The physical derivation starts from the Von Neumann equation and uses multiple assumptions to obtain the final Lindblad form. The most important physical assumptions are: the Born approximation, the Markov approximation and the rotating wave approximation. Furthermore, the main result is the generalisation of the simplified Lindblad form. This simplified form holds for generators commuting with the modular automorphisms group in case the Hilbert spaces are countably infinite dimensional. However, this requires the domain of the generator to be restricted to trace class operators with the identity operator artificially added. Additionally, the generator needs to map strongly convergent sequences to weakly convergent sequences. It also needs to be self-adjoint with respect to the Hilbert-Schmidt inner product. Lastly, the generator is assumed to be self-adjoint with respect to the Gelfand-Naimark-Segal (GNS) inner product <X, Y>=Tr(σ X*Y) for σ a density operator. This last assumption implies that the generator commutes with the modular automorphisms group, which is the symmetry we are considering. Hence, the two previous assumptions are the additional requirements needed to generalise the result, besides the restriction of the domain. Therefore, it is recommended for further research to generalise the result for the domain extended to the bounded operators B(H). It should be noted that the proof heavily relies on the Hilbert space structure induced by the Hilbert-Schmidt inner product. Consequently, the generalisation for the bounded operators would probably require a different approach. Another recommendation is to try and lift the sequence and self-adjoint requirements on the generator. In addition, it is interesting to investigate which physical systems actually have the symmetry of generators commuting with the modular automorphisms group. Subject Quantum Markov semigroupLindblad equationbounded operators To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:7fe2725b-b659-4bb0-9d80-d7b8ccc1ced6 Part of collection Student theses Document type bachelor thesis Rights © 2021 Hidde de Bos Files PDF BEP_final_version_Hidde_de_Bos.pdf 481 KB Close viewer /islandora/object/uuid:7fe2725b-b659-4bb0-9d80-d7b8ccc1ced6/datastream/OBJ/view