Print Email Facebook Twitter Numerical Investigation into Size Effect on Prestressed Concrete Beam Resistance to Shear Tension Cracking Title Numerical Investigation into Size Effect on Prestressed Concrete Beam Resistance to Shear Tension Cracking Author Andrew Sugianto, ANDREW (TU Delft Civil Engineering and Geosciences) Contributor Hendriks, Max (mentor) van der Veen, Cor (graduation committee) Roosen, Marco (graduation committee) Degree granting institution Delft University of Technology Programme Civil Engineering | Structural Engineering Date 2019-02-14 Abstract In the past, many researches on the topic of size effect on concrete structures were mainly focused on the phenomenon of size effect in flexural cracking. The result of those studies can be found today in the concrete structure design specifications of well-known building codes, such as the Eurocode. Nevertheless, the inclusions of the results of those studies into the design specifications are still minimum and therefore, it is necessary to conduct more studies on size effect, especially on other types of cracking. In this thesis, an investigation focused on the size effect in shear tension cracking at prestressed concrete beams was conducted. The model used for investigating the size effect is a prediction that a shear tension crack will occur when the principal tensile stress at a certain location on the web of a beam is equal to the concrete mean uniaxial tensile strength (σ1 = fctm). The investigation was conducted by studying premature shear tension cracking on a group of several I-profile prestressed reinforced concrete beams, called the trusted specimens, which were experimented by Hanson (1964), Choulli (2005), and Elzanaty (1986) under four-point bending tests. These tested beams were numerically investigated using linear elastic finite element analysis (LEFEA) with an aim to find the nearly realistic principal tensile stresses that caused the shear tension crack to initiate below the designated tensile strength of the beams. To study the size effect, the obtained principal tensile stress distributions were analyzed using two new approaches proposed by the author, namely the σ1 area approach and the ratio-of-distances approach. The σ1 area method is a technique for detecting a structural size dependency of the uniaxial tensile strength by comparing rectangles which areas represents a group of σ1 values that have a higher likelihood in achieving the deviated values of fctm and initiate shear tension cracking on the web of the trusted specimens. In contrast, the ratio-of-distances approach investigates the size dependency of the uniaxial tensile strength by observing the locations of σ1max where a shear tension crack initiated in the web of each trusted specimen under an assumption that a shear tension crack is more likely to originate from near the beam neutral axis instead of near the web-flange junction due to the change of thickness at that interface. In conclusion, the result of the investigation was presented. The σ1 area approach confirmed the presence of size effect in shear tension cracking at the trusted specimens by giving a relation that showed a tendency for the smaller specimens to have a higher resistance towards principal tensile stresses compared to the larger specimens. The ratio-of-distances result, on the other hand, implied that the approach has failed to detect the presence of size effect. In that result, the shear cracks from the smaller specimens and the shear cracks from the larger specimens had similar starting points locations, at which the σ1max was located. In addition, several recommendations are provided for future studies on size effect in shear tension cracking. It was recommended to do research this topic on different physical problems and shear tension cracking with the presence of flexural cracks. Subject size effectprestressed concreteshear tension crackingNumerical Analysis To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:a61fb704-7c73-410a-b3c6-aab65b9cb2e2 Part of collection Student theses Document type master thesis Rights © 2019 ANDREW Andrew Sugianto Files PDF Numerical_Investigation_i ... acking.pdf 13.26 MB Close viewer /islandora/object/uuid:a61fb704-7c73-410a-b3c6-aab65b9cb2e2/datastream/OBJ/view