# Vessel motion limits to guarantee operable pipe integrity

Vessel motion limits to guarantee operable pipe integrity: Methodology to determine vessel motion limits

AuthorMetz, Bob (TU Delft Mechanical, Maritime and Materials Engineering)

Metrikine, Andrei (mentor)

van Drunen, Joris (mentor)

Meeuwissen, Stefan (mentor)

Delft University of Technology

Programme Date2018-04-13

AbstractVessel motion limits to guarantee operable pipe integritySubsea pipelines are extensively used to transport oil and gas from offshore facilities to offshore terminals, pump stations or to the coast. As the installation of pipelines makes up a significant percentage of the total costs of a project, the workability of the installation vessel is of great value. The workability is dependent on the weather conditions and multiple operability limits. The operability limits guarantee the safety during offshore installation. A more accurate methodology of describing the operability limits will usually result in a higher workability. The operability limits in this work describe the limitations of the pipe integrity. Traditionally, operability in offshore construction projects is defined in terms of operable weather conditions. The operability limit is based on critical sea states which can be compared with the actual sea conditions. The critical sea states are characterized using the significant wave height, peak wave period and multiple directions. The crew has to assess the actual sea state and compare it to prescribed limiting sea states. The human assessment of the actual sea state lead to inaccuracies which can lead to a loss of workability. The sea states that are used to describe measurable operability limits are not the direct cause of the pipe integrity infringement. The vessel moves due to the waves and the vessel motions cause significant loads on the pipe during normal-lay operations. The simplification of sea states and the vessels RAO are two conservative steps that are not taken into account for operability limits based on vessel motion. The pipe integrity criteria (unity check) consist out of pipe bending moment, pipe tension and hydrostatic pressure. The focus of this work is the pipe bending moment because the dynamic part of the pipe bending moment is larger compared to the other loads. The objective of this thesis is to develop a methodology that determines the operable conditions based on vessel motion limits for pipe bending moment during normal-lay operations. Previous work only achieved some basic operating criteria such as limiting the vessel roll to 2 degrees single amplitude determine the workability. Since the pipe bending moment at the overbend is not only dependent on a single degree of freedom vessel motion, a new methodology needs to be developed. An accurate vessel motion limit can predict the maximum pipe bending moment. This can only be achieved with highly correlated vessel motions and pipe bending moments at the points of interest. A delay between vessel motions and pipe bending response has a negative effect on this relation and must be corrected. This thesis applies a model based approach to determine the relation between the vessel motions and pipe bending moment. The points of interest are roller box 3 in the Hang-off module of the D.C.V. Aegir and the sagbend where the pipe radius is minimum. This research concluded that a frequency dependent delay is present between the vessel and the sagbend bending moment. This delay shows a clear relation with the wave frequencies at sea. A methodology is presented to correct the pipe bending moment signal towards the governing vessel motion.The vessel motion limits that are obtained for the overbend pipe bending moment are presented in figure 1. The figure shows a 2DOF vessel motion limit (black line) which is based on the lateral and transversal rotations at FC1. The vessel motion limit represents the bending moment limit of 2000 kNm. Before evaluating the correlations, the pipe bending moment signal at the sagbend is corrected in the frequency domain towards the vessel motions. This resulted in the sagbend pipe bending moment showing a clear dependency on the axial acceleration and a large improvement in correlation. The relation between the vessel motions and pipe bending moment responses are described by a curve fitting equation with a probability of p90. This p90 curve fit is able to accurately predict the pipe bending moment due to the high correlation between the limit and the modeled BM data. This achievement makes it possible to determine reliable vessel motion limits for normal-lay. An accurate vessel motion limit saves engineering hours and prevents conservative decisions during operations, especially when the operability limits are low during e.g. during installation of structures. The presented methodology can already be implemented in the current workability calculations as well as on deck of the vessel.

Subject To reference this document use: Embargo date2023-04-13

Part of collectionStudent theses

Document typemaster thesis

Rights© 2018 Bob Metz