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document
Middelburg, L.M. (author), de Graaf, G. (author), Bossche, A. (author), Bastemeijer, J. (author), Ghaderi, M. (author), Wolffenbuttel, F.S. (author), Visser, J. (author), Soltis, R. (author), Wolfenbuttel, R.F. (author)
Measuring the ethanol/water ratio in biofuel of high ethanol content, such as E85, is important when used in a flex-fuel engine. A capacitive probe is generally used for measuring the ethanol/gasoline ratio. However, the water content in E85 biofuel cannot be disregarded or considered constant and full composition measurement of biofuel is...
journal article 2017
document
Middelburg, L.M. (author), Ghaderi, M. (author), Bossche, A. (author), Bastemeijer, J. (author), de Graaf, G. (author), Wolfenbuttel, R.F. (author), Soltis, Rick (author), Visser, Jaco (author)
A capacitive probe is generally used in a flex-fuel engine for measuring the ethanol content in biofuel. However, the water content in biofuel of high ethanol content cannot be disregarded or considered constant and the full composition measurement of ethanol, gasoline and water in biofuel is required. Electrical impedance spectroscopy with a...
conference paper 2017
document
Middelburg, L.M. (author), de Graaf, G. (author), Ghaderi, M. (author), Bossche, A. (author), Bastemeijer, J. (author), Visser, J.H. (author), Soltis, R.E. (author), Wolfenbuttel, R.F. (author)
The optical absorption of water-containing bio-fuel is investigated as a parameter to determine the gasoline content of this fuel. Optical measurements reveal that gasoline shows an interesting and useful spectrum with typical absorption behavior in the UV range between 230 and 300 nm. This result indicates that significant information can be...
journal article 2016