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Reitsma, J.P. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Reducing high workload levels are a major challenge to enable single pilot operations. Where the pilot is currently supported with many automated systems, the role of mission planner is relatively unsupported, i.e., the flight crew is required to integrate and combine information from various sources to extract the implications on the missions’...
conference paper 2019
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Reitsma, J.P. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
The glass cockpit and EFB enable new ways of information presentation and interaction on the flight deck of modern commercial jets. This information supports crews in flight plan management, which essentially entails evaluating the plan against (ever-changing) flight constraints and, if necessary, modifying it. Flight constraints emerge from the...
conference paper 2019
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Piessens, T. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Impoverished sensory input makes tele-operation of Unmanned Autonomous Vehicles a difficult task. Automation support can provide assistance to the operator, but may also produce automation surprise and a risk of loss of situation awareness, when the human operator fails to notice the actions of automation in high-workload situations. Previous...
conference paper 2019
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Landman, A. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Frank, M. (author), Steinhardt, G. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Aviation safety organizations have recommended that airline pilots are trained for startle and surprise. However, little information is available on useful training interventions. Therefore, a training intervention trial was executed during airline recurrent simulator training. The method consisted of a slow visual scan from the side-window,...
conference paper 2019
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Landman, H.M. (author), Groen, Eric L. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Bronkhorst, Adelbert W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Introducing the element of surprise is one of the main challenges in simulator training of in-flight emergencies. In this simulator study, we investigated the differences in performance between predictable and surprising circumstances, in order to obtain insight into the transfer of training between predictable training settings and surprising...
conference paper 2017
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Fu, W. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This study revisits the active manipulator developed for manual aircraft control. The active manipulator sends the force applied by the pilot to the aircraft while feeding back the aircraft rotational velocity bymeans of its deflection angle. We find that the activemanipulator, in comparison with the conventional passive manipulator, greatly...
conference paper 2019
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Deerenberg, Ronald (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Borst, C. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
For Ecological Interface Design (EID), the underlying constraints and properties of an operator’s work domain are analysed and used as a basis for the design of the information displays, so that these may reveal these underlying mechanisms. Most evaluations for EID have been performed with expert or trained participants. However, it can be...
conference paper 2017
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Gruppelaar, V. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author)
Understanding speed control in driving is important for analysis of road geometry and for the development of driver support assistance devices. Current models for speed selection are primarily based on the relation between road geometry and observed speeds. This study proposes a more detailed model that relates individual speed control to...
conference paper 2018
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Ho, V. (author), Borst, C. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Haptic interfaces have been developed to assist human operators controlling unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) be- yond line-of-sight. These systems complement the predominantly camera-based visual interfaces and act like a collision-avoidance system: when nearing obstacles, the operator gets re-directed by the haptic force feedback. Previous...
conference paper 2018
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Landman, H.M. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Frank, M (author), Steinhardt, G. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Bronkhorst, A (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Aviation safety organizations have recommended that airline pilots are trained for startle and surprise. However, little information is available on useful training interventions. Therefore, a training intervention trial was executed during airline recurrent simulator training. The method consisted of a slow visual scan from the side-window,...
conference paper 2019
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Procee, S. (author), Borst, C. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Based on the Cognitive Work Analysis, described in a previous paper, an Ecological Interface is designed and built for the Augmented Reality application at Willem Barentsz. Incorporated, a.o., is the concept of Velocity Obstacles. This innovative way to visualize the problem space and solution space, provides the navigator with real time...
conference paper 2018
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Fu, W. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Wave-variable transformation is a means to maintain stability of haptic teleoperation in the presence of communication time delays. Its drawback is that it affects haptic perception of remote properties and thereby degrades transparency. This paper studies the effect of wave-variable transformation on human haptic perception. Based on a...
conference paper 2018
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Ten Brink, D. S.A. (author), Klomp, R.E. (author), Borst, C. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
In the near future, air traffic controllers are expected to adhere to stringent time and position constraints in controlling traffic. For this new task, new decision-support tools are required which include higher levels of automation, whilst letting humans remain to be the ultimate responsible for the safety of operations. In previous...
conference paper 2019
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Mulder, M. (author), Borst, C. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author)
In the design of human-machine interfaces and automation, an important question is how to obtain and validate a design that is capable of supporting the operator’s understanding and situation awareness of the process under control. Whereas many research efforts address the question of ‘what is the operator aware of?’ – the awareness – only a few...
conference paper 2017
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Beeftink, Derek G. (author), Borst, C. (author), Van Baelen, D. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Perspective flight-path displays are a viable alternative for the aircraft primary flight display, but increases the pilot head-down time. A haptic interface is developed to counter this effect and increase the task-sharing performance during approach. An experiment (n=12) was conducted to test the effects of the haptic design on primary task...
conference paper 2018
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van der El, K. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Novel (semi-)automated systems are rapidly being introduced into modern road vehicles, but anticipating possibly critical human-machine interaction issues is difficult, because the human driver’s behavior is as of yet still poorly understood. This paper aims to improve our understanding and models of driver steering behavior on winding roads,...
conference paper 2018
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Van Baelen, D. (author), Ellerbroek, J. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Modern fly-by-wire aircraft use flight envelope protection systems, whose actions are not always clear to pilots. To promote situation awareness, proximity to the limits of the flight envelope can be communicated using haptic feedback, by providing forces through the control device. Such a system was developed and this paper reports on the...
conference paper 2019
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Mulder, M. (author), Yang, L. (author), Borst, C. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author)
Future Air Traffic Management concepts will require air traffic controllers to move from a tactical to a strategic way of operation. This paper evaluates two novel concepts which support controllers to perform four-dimensional trajectory management in a contingency situation. The Travel Space Representation and Time-Space Diagram are both...
conference paper 2019
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Fu, W. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Abstract—Just notable difference (JND) thresholds for the perception of manipulator dynamic properties are relevant for tele-operation and simulation of vehicles. Manipulator dynamic properties are characterized by multiple variables (describing mass, spring and damping for a linear manipulator) and the JND threshold for any of these variables...
conference paper 2018
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Ho, V. (author), Borst, C. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
In tele-operating an UAV human operators fully rely on cameras to control the vehicle from a distance. To increase operator situation awareness and reduce workload, a haptic feedback on the control stick has been developed which acts as an automatic collision avoidance system. A virtual force field surrounding the moving vehicle interacts with...
conference paper 2017
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