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Barendswaard, S. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Vehicle control tasks require simultaneous control of multiple degrees-of-freedom. Most multi-axis human-control modeling is limited to the modeling of multiple fully independent single axes. This paper contributes to the understanding of multi-axis control behavior and draws a more realistic and complete picture of dual-axis manual control....
journal article 2019
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Mirza, Abdullah (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, T.J. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This paper discusses an approach to convert the longitudinal dynamics of the Cessna Citation into a variable stability platform using response feedback, thereby enabling it to take different positions on the Control Anticipation Parameter (CAP) handling quality criterion. The different positions of an aircraft on the criterion reflect different...
conference paper 2019
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Mkhoyan, T. (author), Wentink, Mark (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), de Graaf, B (author)
When coupled with additional degrees of freedom, centrifuge-based motion platforms can combine the agility of an hexapod-basedmotion platform with the ability of sustaining higher Glevels and an extended motion space. This combination of motion characteristics is required for realistic simulation of extreme flight scenarios. However, a false and...
conference paper 2019
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Fu, W. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Time delays in haptic teleoperation affect the ability of human operators to assess mechanical properties (damping, mass, and stiffness) of the remote environment. To address this, we propose a unified framework for human haptic perception of the mechanical properties of environments with delayed force feedback. In a first experiment, we...
journal article 2019
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Fu, W. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This study revisits the active manipulator developed for manual aircraft control. The active manipulator sends the force applied by the pilot to the aircraft while feeding back the aircraft rotational velocity bymeans of its deflection angle. We find that the activemanipulator, in comparison with the conventional passive manipulator, greatly...
conference paper 2019
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Fu, W. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Most haptic interfaces developed for aircraft control provide haptic support as an additional force on the control manipulator. This study revisits the active manipulator, which is a design concept that is different from but complementary to existing haptic interfaces. This control device sends the force that the pilot exerts on it to the...
journal article 2019
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Landman, H.M. (author), Davies, Simon (author), Groen, Eric L. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Lawson, Nicholas (author), Bronkhorst, Adelbert W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
We hypothesized that an incorrect expectation due to spatial disorientation may induce roll reversal errors. To test this, an in-flight experiment was performed, in which forty non-pilots rolled wings level after receiving motion cues. A No-leans condition (subthreshold motion to a bank angle) was included, as well as a Leans-opposite condition ...
journal article 2019
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Plaetinck, Wouter (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Time-varying pilot control identification is essential for better understanding of how pilots respond when faced with sudden changes in the dynamics of the vehicle they control, such as when automatic control and stabilization systems disengage or undergo a mode transition. This paper presents the results of a human-in-the-loop experiment...
journal article 2019
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Van Baelen, D. (author), Ellerbroek, J. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Modern fly-by-wire aircraft use flight envelope protection systems, whose actions are not always clear to pilots. To promote situation awareness, proximity to the limits of the flight envelope can be communicated using haptic feedback, by providing forces through the control device. Such a system was developed and this paper reports on the...
conference paper 2019
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Stoev, Stanimir (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Stroosma, O. (author), Miletovic, I. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
The Eigenmode Distortion (EMD) analysis is a novel method for objective evaluation of simulator motion cueing fidelity, developed at Delft University of Technology. It expresses the distortions of the perceived motion cues in terms of the dynamic modes of a linear model of the vehicle and has been applied to assess rotorcraft simulations. This...
conference paper 2019
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Landman, H.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Groen, Eric L. (author), Bronkhorst, Adelbert W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Objective: This study tested whether simulator-based training of pilot responses to unexpected or novel events can be improved by including unpredictability and variability in training scenarios. Background: Current regulations allow for highly predictable and invariable training, which may not be sufficient to prepare pilots for unexpected...
journal article 2018
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van Paassen, M.M. (author), Borst, C. (author), Ellerbroek, J. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Flach, John M. (author)
Ecological interface design (EID) was originally developed in the context of process control but has been extended into many domains where technology has resulted in both changing work demands and increased opportunities for improved interface applications. This paper gives an overview of the application of the EID to the control of vehicle...
journal article 2018
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Drop, F.M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Bülthoff, Heinrich H. (author)
The human controller (HC) in manual control of a dynamical system often follows a visible and predictable reference path (target). The HC can adopt a control strategy combining closed-loop feedback and an open-loop feedforward response. The effects of the target signal waveform shape and the system dynamics on the human feedforward dynamics...
journal article 2018
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Van Baelen, D. (author), Ellerbroek, J. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Current Airbus aircraft use a fly-by-wire control device: a passive spring-damper system which generates, without any force feedback, an electrical signal to the flight control computer. Additionally, a hard flight envelope protection system is used which can limit the inputs of the pilot when approaching the edges of the flight envelope. To...
conference paper 2018
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van der El, K. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This paper investigates how humans use a previewed target trajectory for control in tracking tasks with various controlled element dynamics. The human's hypothesized "near" and "far" control mechanisms are first analyzed offline in simulations with a quasi-linear model. Second, human control behavior is quantified by fitting the same model to...
journal article 2018
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van der El, K. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Due to linear perspective, the visual stimulus provided by a previewed reference trajectory reduces with increasing distance ahead. This paper investigates the effects of linear perspective on human use of preview in manual control tasks. Results of a human-in-the-loop tracking experiment are presented, where the linear perspective&#x0027...
journal article 2018
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van der El, K. (author), Padmos, S. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
In manual control tasks, preview of the target trajectory ahead is often limited by poor lighting, objects, or display edges. This paper investigates the effects of limited preview, or preview time, in manual tracking tasks with single- and double-integrator controlled element dynamics. A quasi-linear human controller model is used to predict...
journal article 2018
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Deldycke, Pieter-Jan (author), Van Baelen, D. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
The use of haptic feedback as a tool for skill training has shown benefits for the formation ofmotor-memory and support for certain temporal tasks. Therefore, this research focuses on the development of a haptic aid for supporting the training of the challenging manual flare maneuver in initial pilot training. The haptic aid, which consisted of...
conference paper 2018
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van Grootheest, Andries (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Time-varying human-operator (HO) adaptation in basic manual-control tasks is barely understood, as most HO identification methods do not explicitly take into account time variations. An identification procedure based on both batch and recursive autoregressive exogenous (ARX) models is used in this paper for captur- ing HO adaptation to time...
conference paper 2018
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Ho, V. (author), Borst, C. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Haptic interfaces have been developed to assist human operators controlling unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) be- yond line-of-sight. These systems complement the predominantly camera-based visual interfaces and act like a collision-avoidance system: when nearing obstacles, the operator gets re-directed by the haptic force feedback. Previous...
conference paper 2018
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