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Muller, M. (author)
Clouds are the great unknown quantity in predictions about climate change. For aeons they have been drifting quietly across the sky, but scientists still dont know exactly how they are formed and why they eventually come down again as rain. High time to take a closer look at clouds, say researchers at Delft University of Technology. Politicians...
journal article 2007
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Wagener, T. (author), Sivapalan, M. (author), Troch, P.A. (author), McGlynn, B.L. (author), Harman, C.J. (author), Gupta, H.V. (author), Kumar, P. (author), Rao, P.S.C. (author), Basu, N.B. (author), Wilson, J.S. (author)
Human activities exert global-scale impacts on our environment with significant implications for freshwater-driven services and hazards for humans and nature. Our approach to the science of hydrology needs to significantly change so that we can understand and predict these implications. Such an adjustment is a necessary prerequisite for the...
journal article 2010
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Van de Poel, I. (author), Fahlquist, J.N. (author), Doorn, N. (author), Zwart, S. (author), Royakkers, L. (author)
In some situations in which undesirable collective effects occur, it is very hard, if not impossible, to hold any individual reasonably responsible. Such a situation may be referred to as the problem of many hands. In this paper we investigate how the problem of many hands can best be understood and why, and when, it exactly constitutes a...
journal article 2011
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Rijcken, T. (author), Stijnen, J. (author), Slootjes, N. (author)
The Dutch Delta Program is currently developing new government policies for flood protection and fresh water supply. Decision support instruments have to address the program’s technical and political complexity. The water system functions are highly interwoven and would benefit from an integrated approach on a national level, with decisions...
journal article 2012
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Van Leeuwen, C.J. (author), Frijns, J. (author), Van Wezel, A. (author), Van de Ven, F.H.M. (author)
Climate change, population growth and increased consumption, coupled with urbanization, are all placing increased pressure on water management. This global challenge can often best be addressed at the local level, e.g. in cities by optimizing the role of civil society. Although there are approaches for assessing the sustainability of countries...
journal article 2012
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Slangen, A.B.A. (author), Katsman, C.A. (author), Van de Wal, R.S.W. (author), Vermeersen, L.L.A. (author), Riva, R.E.M. (author)
Sea-level change is often considered to be globally uniform in sea-level projections. However, local relative sea-level (RSL) change can deviate substantially from the global mean. Here, we present maps of twenty-first century local RSL change estimates based on an ensemble of coupled climate model simulations for three emission scenarios. In...
journal article 2012
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Huang, F. (author), Xia, Z. (author), Li, F. (author), Guo, L. (author), Yang, F. (author)
Hydrological changes of the Irtysh River were analyzed concerning the changes of annual runoff and its distribution features within a year measured by coefficient of variation and concentration degree. Abrupt changes were detected by the heuristic segmentation method. Possible causes of the hydrological changes were investigated considering...
journal article 2012
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Balica, S.F. (author), Wright, N.G. (author), Van der Meulen, F. (author)
Worldwide, there is a need to enhance our understanding of vulnerability and to develop methodologies and tools to assess vulnerability. One of the most important goals of assessing coastal flood vulnerability, in particular, is to create a readily understandable link between the theoretical concepts of flood vulnerability and the day-to-day...
journal article 2012
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McClain, M.E. (author)
Sustainable development in Africa is dependent on increasing use of the continent’s water resources without significantly degrading ecosystem services that are also fundamental to human wellbeing. This is particularly challenging in Africa because of high spatial and temporal variability in the availability of water resources and limited amounts...
journal article 2012
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Mulder, K.F. (author), Petrik, O. (author), Parandian, A. (author), Grondahl, F. (author)
Providing electricity from renewable sources is of key importance both to reduce depletion of fossil fuels and reduce emissions of greenhouse gasses. Many of the renewable energy technologies are not ideal for electricity networks. Reservoir hydropower is one of the most ideal renewable sources as it can store energy efficiently, and can be made...
journal article 2012
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Wols, B.A. (author), Van Daal, K. (author), Van Thienen, P. (author)
Climate change may result in lowering of ground water levels and consolidation of the soil. The resulting (differential) settlements, associated with soil property transitions, may damage underground pipe infrastructure, such as drinking water distribution sys- tems. The work presented here offers an approach for the prediction of pipe failure...
journal article 2014
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Attema, J.J. (author), Loriaux, J.M. (author), Lenderink, G. (author)
Observations of extreme (sub) hourly precipitation at midlatitudes show a large dependency on the dew point temperature often close to 14% per degree—2 times the dependency of the specific humidity on dew point temperature which is given by the Clausius–Clapeyron (CC) relation. By simulating a selection of 11 cases over the Netherlands...
journal article 2014
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Fyke, J.G. (author), Vizcaino, M. (author), Lipscomb, W. (author), Price, S. (author)
The integrated surface mass balance (SMB) of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) has large interannual variability. Long-term future changes to this variability will affect GrIS dynamics, freshwater fluxes, regional oceanography, and detection of changes in ice volume trends. Here we analyze a simulated 1850–2100 GrIS SMB time series from the...
journal article 2014
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Song, C. (author), Huang, B. (author), Richards, K. (author), Ke, L. (author), Phan Hien, V. (author)
ccelerated lake expansion in the 2000s has been confirmed by both dramatic lake-area increases (for 312 lakes larger than 10 km2) derived from optical images, and rapid water-level rises (for 117 lakes with water-level data) measured by satellite altimetry. However, the underlying climate causes remain unclear. This paper analyzes the...
journal article 2014
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Chappin, E.J.L. (author), Van der Lei, T. (author)
Climate change is likely to affect how society will function in this century. Because climate change effects may be severe, a next step is to study not only the effects on natural systems, but also the effects on built infrastructure systems and, in response to anticipated effects, the adaptation of those systems. Studies that discuss...
journal article 2014
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Fyke, J.G. (author), Vizcaino, M. (author), Lipscomb, W.H. (author)
Surface mass balance (SMB) trends influence observed Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) mass loss, but the component of these trends related to anthropogenic forcing is unclear. Here we study the simulated spatial pattern of emergence of an anthropogenically derived GrIS SMB signal between 1850 and 2100 using the Community Earth System Model. We find...
journal article 2014
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De Graaf, M. (author), Bellouin, N. (author), Tilstra, L.G. (author), Haywood, J. (author), Stammes, P. (author)
The aerosol direct radiative effect (DRE) of African smoke was analyzed in cloud scenes over the southeast Atlantic Ocean, using Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY) satellite observations and Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model version 2 (HadGEM2) climate model simulations. The observed mean DRE...
journal article 2014
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Mathisen, T.A. (author), Annema, J.A. (author), Kroesen, M. (author)
Weather is identified as one of many factors that influence the demand for cycling. Weather patterns will change due to expected climate change. The aim of this article is to study the extent to which climate change influences the cycling frequency. The analysis in this article is conducted using an econometric model based on data spanning over...
journal article 2015
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Roth, M. (author), Buishand, T.A. (author), Jongbloed, G. (author)
Rainfall extremes are thought to have increased over recent years. Typically linear trends have been considered to describe the temporal evolution of high quantiles of the daily rainfall distribution. For long records it is important to allow more flexibility. Quantile regression methods are available to estimate monotone trends for single...
journal article 2015
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Echevarria Icaza, L. (author), van der Hoeven, F.D. (author), van den Dobbelsteen, A.A.J.F. (author)
The urban heat island effect is often associated with large metropolises. However, in the Netherlands even small cities will be affected by the phenomenon in the future (Hove et al., 2011), due to the dispersed or mosaic urbanisation patterns in particularly the southern part of the country: the province of North Brabant. This study analyses the...
journal article 2016
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