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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
The socio-economic mosaic of urban neighbourhoods changes under the influence of three distinctive distributional processes: reordering of the socio-economic position of urban neighbourhoods; changing levels of inequality between neighbourhoods; and an overall growth or decline in income levels which affects all neighbourhoods of an urban area....
working paper 2018
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Kleinepier, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Research on neighborhood effects has increasingly focused on how long children have lived in a deprived neighborhood during childhood (duration), but has typically ignored when in childhood the exposure occurred (timing) and whether circumstances were improving or deteriorating (sequencing). Using Dutch register data, we applied sequence...
working paper 2018
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Petrovic, A. (author), Manley, D.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Theory behind neighbourhood effects suggests that different geographies and scales affect individual outcomes. We argue that neighbourhood effects research needs to break away from the tyranny of neighbourhood and consider alternative ways to measure the wider socio-spatial context of people, placing individuals at the centre of the approach. We...
working paper 2018
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Manley, D.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Hedman, L.K. (author)
Longer term exposure to high poverty neighbourhoods can affect individual socio-economic outcomes later in life. Previous research has shown strong path dependence in individual neighbourhood histories. A growing literature shows that the neighbourhood histories of people is linked to the neighbourhoods of their childhood and parental...
working paper 2018
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Many studies of urban and neighbourhood change investigate changes in the relative positions of neighbourhoods within an urban region, without looking at the underlying processes. Often, changes in socio-spatial structures reflect intensifying socio-spatial divisions caused by both increasing inequality and urban development processes. This...
working paper 2017
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Hedman, L.K. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Tammaru, T. (author)
The literature on intergenerational contextual mobility has shown that neighbourhood status is partly "inherited" from parents to children where children who spend their childhood in deprived neighbourhoods are more likely to live in such neighbourhoods also as adults. It has been suggested that such transmission of neighbourhood status also is...
working paper 2017
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Hedman, L.K. (author), Manley, D.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Previous research has reported evidence of intergenerational transmission of both neighbourhood status and social and economic outcomes later in life; parents influence where their children live as adults and how well they do later in life in terms of their income. However, interactions between the individual, the childhood family and...
working paper 2017
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Nieuwenhuis, J.G. (author), Tammaru, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Hedman, L.K. (author), Manley, D.J. (author)
The neighbourhoods in which people live reflects their social class and preferences, so studying socio-spatial mobility between neighbourhoods gives insight in the openness of spatial class structures of societies and in the ability of people to leave disadvantaged neighbourhoods. We study the extent to which people move between different types...
working paper 2017
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de Vos, D.W. (author), Meijers, E.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
It is generally found that workers are more inclined to accept a job that is located farther away from home if they have the ability to work from home one day a week or more (telecommuting). Such findings inform us about the effectiveness of telecommuting policies that try to alleviate congestion and transport related emissions, but they also...
working paper 2017
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Zwiers, M.D. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author)
In the last few decades, urban restructuring programs have been implemented in many Western European cities with the main goal of combating a variety of socioeconomic problems in deprived neighborhoods. The main instrument of restructuring has been housing diversification and tenure mixing. The demolition of low-quality (social) housing and the...
working paper 2017
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van Ham, M. (author), Boschman, S.E. (author), Vogel, M.S. (author)
Studies of neighbourhood effects often attempt to identify causal effects of neighbourhood characteristics on individual outcomes, such as income, education, employment, and health. However, selection looms large in this line of research and it has been repeatedly argued that estimates of neighbourhood effects are biased as people non-randomly...
working paper 2017
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van Ham, M. (author), Kleinepier, T. (author)
Despite increasing attention being paid to the temporal dynamics of childhood disadvantage, children’s neighborhood characteristics are often measured at a single point in time. Whether such cross-sectional measures serve as reliable proxies for children’s long-run neighborhood conditions depends on the stability in children’s neighborhood...
working paper 2017
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Neighbourhood socioeconomic change is a complex phenomenon which is driven by multiple macro- and micro-level processes. Most theoretical and empirical work has focused on the role of urban-level processes, such as filtering, life-cycle, and social dynamics. For individual neighbourhoods, these processes generate flows of different socioeconomic...
working paper 2017
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Ordonhas Viseu Cardoso, R. (author), Meijers, E.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Burger, MJ (author), de Vos, D.W. (author)
Despite the many negative aspects of life in cities, urban promises of economic prosperity, freedom and happiness have fuelled the imagination of generations of migrants, who have flocked to cities in search of a better life, invariably exaggerating the opportunities and neglected the potential disadvantages of their choice. This paper uses...
working paper 2017
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Kleinepier, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
This paper examines ethnic differences in childhood neighborhood disadvantage among children living in the Netherlands. In contrast to more conventional approaches for assessing children’s exposure to neighborhood poverty and affluence (e.g., point-in-time and cumulative measures of exposure), we apply sequence analysis to simultaneously capture...
working paper 2017
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Tammaru, T. (author), Marcinzak, S (author), Aunap, R. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
The aim of this paper is to get new insight into the complex relationship between social inequalities and socioeconomic segregation by undertaking a comparative study North and South European cities. Our main finding shows that during the last global economic cycle from the 1980s through the 2000s, both levels of social inequalities and socio...
working paper 2017
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de Vuijst, E. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
There is a link between the socio-economic outcomes of parents and their children over the life course. Intergenerational transmissions were repeatedly shown for socioeconomic characteristics and (dis)advantage, but recently also for residential neighbourhood status. Previous research from the Netherlands, Sweden, and the US shows that children...
working paper 2017
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Li, X. (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
This paper investigates the place attachment of residents in declining neighbourhoods that are facing demolition in Shenyang, China. Through in-depth interviews with homeowners living in danwei communities, or urban villages, at the pre-demolition phase, this paper reveals the strong connection between place attachment and both positive and...
working paper 2017
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Vaalavuo, M. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Kauppinen, T.M. (author)
Concentration to disadvantaged neighbourhoods may hinder immigrants’ opportunities for social integration, so equal chances of translating available economic resources into mobility to less disadvantaged neighbourhoods are important. This paper adds to existing research on exits from poor neighbourhoods by focusing on the effects of income...
working paper 2017
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de Vuijst, E. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
In the Netherlands, obtaining a higher education increases the chance to move to a better neighbourhood for native Dutch adults who grew up in a deprived parental neighbourhood.
For non-Western minorities, education does not have this positive effect on socio-spatial mobility. In this study we investigate potential explanations for these...
working paper 2017
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