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Zhuang, Y. (author), Vroubel, M. (author), Rejaei, B. (author), Burghartz, J.N. (author), Attenborough, K. (author)
A granular NiFe thin film with large in-plane magnetic anisotropy and high ferromagnetic-resonance frequency developed for radio-frequency integrated circuit (IC) applications is presented. During the deposition, three-dimensional (3D) growth occurs, yielding NiFe grains (? ? 1.0??m). Nanonuclei (? ? 30–50?nm) are observed in single NiFe grains...
journal article 2005
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Fan, Z. (author), Lin, L. (author), Buijs, W. (author), Vlugt, T.J.H. (author), van Huis, MA (author)
Cation exchange is a powerful tool for the synthesis of nanostructures such as core–shell nanocrystals, however, the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Interactions of cations with ligands and solvent molecules are systematically ignored in simulations. Here, we introduce the concept of pseudoligands to incorporate cation-ligand-solvent...
journal article 2016
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Koepsell, D.R. (author)
Much of the discussion regarding nanotechnology centers around perceived and prosphesied harms and risks. While there are real risks that could emerge from futuristic nanotechnology, there are other current risks involved with its development, not involving physical harms, that could prevent its full promise from being realized. Transitional...
journal article 2009
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Forn-Díaz, P. (author), Schouten, R.N. (author), Den Braver, W.A. (author), Mooij, J.E. (author), Harmans, C.J.P.M. (author)
We fabricated and tested a squelch circuit consisting of a copper powder filter with an embedded Josephson junction connected to ground. For small signals (squelch ON), the small junction inductance attenuates strongly from dc to at least 1 GHz, while for higher frequencies dissipation in the copper powder increases the attenuation exponentially...
journal article 2009
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Dutta, R.K. (author), Petrov, R.H. (author), Hermans, M.J.M. (author), Richardson, I.M. (author)
Electron backscatter diffraction was used to investigate the softening effect in low-carbon steel [Fe-0.051C-0.002Si-0.224Mn-0.045Al (wt pct)] during tensile deformation with in situ ultrasonic treatment. A bimodal grain size distribution is observed with relatively small equiaxed grains with an average diameter of 10 ?m at the grain boundaries...
journal article 2015
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Chen, P. (author), Salemink, H.W.M. (author), Alkemade, P.F.A. (author)
Ion-beam-induced deposition (IBID) is a powerful technique for prototyping three-dimensional nanostructures. To study its capability for this purpose, the authors investigate the proximity effect in IBID of nanopillars. In particular, the changes in shape and dimension of pillars are studied when a second pillar is grown near an existing pillar....
journal article 2009
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Spruit, S.L. (author), Hoople, G.D. (author), Rolfe, D.A. (author)
Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) provides a framework for judging the ethical qualities of innovation processes, however guidance for researchers on how to implement such practices is limited. Exploring RRI in the context of nanotechnology, this paper examines how the dispersed and interdisciplinary nature of the nanotechnology field...
journal article 2015
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Wu, M.Y. (author), Krapf, D. (author), Zandbergen, M. (author), Zandbergen, H. (author), Batson, P.E. (author)
An electron beam can drill nanopores in SiO2 or silicon nitride membranes and shrink a pore to a smaller diameter. Such nanopores are promising for single molecule detection. The pore formation in a 40?nm thick silicon nitride?SiO2 bilayer using an electron beam with a diameter of 8?nm (full width of half height) was investigated by electron...
journal article 2005
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Schrauwers, A. (author)
Is it possible to make platinum particles with a diameter of less than eight nanometres? That was the question Jan Marijnissen at the aerosol lab of Delft ChemTech was asked. Together with graduate student Jan van Erven, the famous aerosol expert Sheldon Friedlander of the University of California (UCLA), and the University of Karlsruhe, Germany...
journal article 2005
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Botman, A. (author), Hesselberth, M. (author), Mulders, J.J.L. (author)
Focused electron-beam-induced deposition (EBID) allows the rapid fabrication of three-dimensional nanodevices and metallic wiring of nanostructures, and is a promising technique for many applications in nanoresearch. The authors present two topics on platinum-containing nanostructures created by EBID. First, they report on a TEM study of the...
journal article 2008
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Christova, C.G. (author), Stouwdam, J.W. (author), Eijkemans, T.J. (author), Silov, A.Y. (author), Van der Heijden, R.W. (author), Kemerink, M. (author), Janssen, R.A.J. (author), Salemink, H.W.M. (author)
Remarkable photoluminescence enhancement (PLE) in submonolayer films of PbSe nanocrystals (NCs) upon continuous illumination was observed. The intensity increase from films on InP substrates was highest in vacuum, while for films on Si/SiO2 substrates the PLE was stronger in air. The magnitude of the PLE was found to depend on the excitation...
journal article 2008
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Witkamp, B. (author), Poot, M. (author), Pathangi, H. (author), Hüttel, A.K. (author), Van der Zant, H.S.J. (author)
We have fabricated suspended metal paddle resonators with carbon nanotubes functioning as self-detecting torsional springs. We observe gate-tunable resonances that either tune to higher or to lower frequencies when increasing the dc voltage on the back gate. We attribute the former modes to flexural vibrations of the paddle resonator, while the...
journal article 2008
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Van Dorp, W.F. (author), Hagen, C.W. (author)
An extensive review is given of the results from literature on electron beam induced deposition. Electron beam induced deposition is a complex process, where many and often mutually dependent factors are involved. The process has been studied by many over many years in many different experimental setups, so it is not surprising that there is a...
journal article 2008
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Kalantzi, O.I. (author), Biskos, G. (author)
The increasing penetration of materials and products containing engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) to the market is posing many concerns regarding their environmental impacts. To assess these impacts, there is an urgent need of techniques for determining the health-related properties of ENPs and standards for assessing their toxicity. Although a...
journal article 2014
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Silvis-Cividjian, N. (author), Hagen, C.W. (author), Kruit, P. (author)
Electron-beam-induced deposition (EBID) is a versatile micro- and nanofabrication technique based on electron-induced dissociation of metal-carrying gas molecules adsorbed on a target. EBID has the advantage of direct deposition of three-dimensional structures on almost any target geometry. This technique has occasionally been used in focused...
journal article 2005
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Storm, A.J. (author), Chen, J.H. (author), Ling, X.S. (author), Zandbergen, H.W. (author), Dekker, C. (author)
The imaging beam of a transmission electron microscope can be used to fine tune critical dimensions in silicon oxide nanostructures. This technique is particularly useful for the fabrication of nanopores with single-nanometer precision, down to 2 nm. We report a detailed study on the effect of electron-beam irradiation on apertures with various...
journal article 2005
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Smit, G.D.J. (author), Rogge, S. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author)
A generally applicable model is presented to describe the potential barrier shape in ultrasmall Schottky diodes. It is shown that for diodes smaller than a characteristic length lc (associated with the semiconductor doping level) the conventional description no longer holds. For such small diodes the Schottky barrier thickness decreases with...
journal article 2002
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Evers, W.H. (author), Schins, J.M. (author), Aerts, M. (author), Kulkarni, A. (author), Capiod, P. (author), Berthe, M. (author), Grandidier, B. (author), Delerue, C. (author), van der Zant, H.S.J. (author), van Overbeek, C. (author), Peterse, J.L. (author), Vanmaekelbergh, D. (author), Siebbeles, L.D.A. (author)
Two-dimensional networks of quantum dots connected by atomic bonds have an electronic structure that is distinct from that of arrays of quantum dots coupled by ligand molecules. We prepared atomically coherent two-dimensional percolative networks of PbSe quantum dots connected via atomic bonds. Here, we show that photoexcitation leads to...
journal article 2015
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Standing, A. (author), Assali, S. (author), Gao, L. (author), Verheijen, M.A. (author), Van Dam, D. (author), Cui, Y. (author), Notten, P.H.L. (author), Haverkort, J.E.M. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author)
Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production from solar energy and water offers a clean and sustainable fuel option for the future. Planar III/V material systems have shown the highest efficiencies, but are expensive. By moving to the nanowire regime the demand on material quantity is reduced, and new materials can be uncovered, such as wurtzite...
journal article 2015
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Tans, S.J. (author), Geerligs, L.J. (author), Dekker, C. (author), Wu, J. (author), Wegner, G. (author)
journal article 1997
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