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document
Liu, X. (author)
doctoral thesis 2016
document
Vardon, P.J. (author), Liu, K. (author), Hicks, M.A. (author)
The determination of slope stability for existing slopes is challenging, partly due to the spatial variability of soils. Reliability-based design can incorporate uncertainties and yield probabilities of slope failure. Field measurements can be utilised to constrain probabilistic analyses, thereby reducing uncertainties and generally reducing...
journal article 2016
document
Liu, Z. (author), Lacasse, S. (author), Nadim, F. (author), Gilbert, R. (author)
The safe bearing capacity for offshore shallow foundations has been traditionally assessed using working stress design (WSD) methods (e.g. the API RP 2GEO guideline). Other codes of practice such as the ISO standard strive to provide designs achieving a desired target reliability level in the form of the Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD)...
conference paper 2015