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Fernandes Potter, Estela (author)
Groundwater use has seen a significant increase in the rapidly urbanising city of Kumasi, Ghana, due to its reliability, general good quality, and low-cost development. Conversion of vegetated to urban land along with the challenges of growing groundwater abstraction has put the groundwater system at risk. This study aims to assess how the...
master thesis 2021
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Joosse, Xander (author)
In order to understand the long term behavior of intertidal ridge-runnel systems high resolution spatial and temporal data covering extended periods of time is needed. Such datasets are still rare but are becoming more available through the usage of remote sensing technologies such as Argus and Terrestrial Laser Scanning. A three month period ...
master thesis 2021
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Holsten, Henry (author)
In the arctic region many coastal areas exhibit rapid erosion, with coastal retreat or erosion rates of 10 meters per year (m/yr.) or higher in places. This poses a threat primarily to all manner of infrastructure built directly on and near the coastline. With climate change the coastal erosion is expected to increase. This effect is expected to...
master thesis 2021
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Kool, Juliette (author)
The Mara Wetland in Tanzania has an important role in regulating the quality, timing and magnitude of the flow of water into Lake Victoria. In addition, the wetland provides natural resources for local communities and habitat for variety of species. The planned dam construction upstream of the wetland and projected changes in the local climate...
master thesis 2021
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Sandhu, Vita (author)
Increases in crop production show increasing trends in agricultural intensification. These trends are predominant in the corn and soybean crop production of the United States' Midwest region. The increase of production and irrigation in the past 20 years is spatially diverse, with some regions in the Midwest intensifying agriculture at faster...
master thesis 2020
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Yuan, Yan (author)
Oceans cover a significant part of the Earth's surface. The coupling between the upper ocean and the atmosphere is very complicated with defied theoretical understanding, while it is essential for climate studies, weather prediction, and marine ecosystems. With the advent of spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) systems, surface signatures...
master thesis 2020
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Wiggins, J.C. (author)
This research focuses on using Sentinel-2 optical imagery to provide a means of high-resolution monitoring and evaluation of changes in Total Suspended Matter (TSM) concentration in the Brantas river basin. In situ spectral measurements as well as laboratory results show an extremely turbid nature of the Brantas River surface water. Current...
master thesis 2020
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Klein, Jigme (author)
Remote retrieval of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) over the Earth’s surface is a critical component of monitoring the surface processes of our planet. NDVI is a widely used and useful indicator of vegetation health and quantity ­ however its retrieval using satellite data is hindered by the frequent presence of clouds in the Earth...
master thesis 2020
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Kharagjitsing, Manish (author)
The TU-Wien developed a soil moisture retrieval algorithm that uses the incidence angle dependence of backscatter to obtain soil moisture estimates (Wagner et al., 1999). The core of this algorithm is a second order Taylor expansion with which the backscatter is normalized at a reference angle. Studies have shown that the first and second order...
master thesis 2020
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Rosier, Job (author)
Nearly all major glaciers in Greenland have reduced in size over the last two decades. An increase in the amount of ice transported from the Greenland ice sheet to the oceans is predicted following an increase in Arctic air and ocean temperatures. One of the last glaciers with a floating ice shelf and draining a substantial area of the Greenland...
master thesis 2019
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Chatzopoulos Vouzoglanis, Konstantinos (author)
Eutrophication processes in coastal waters are becoming more prominent as a result of high nutrient discharges from intensive agriculture and increased urban waste. These processes can be devastating for local ecosystems and lead to dissolved oxygen depletion, which applies considerable stress on aquatic organisms. For ecosystems to preserve...
master thesis 2019
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Grossmann, Florian (author)
Velocities derived from X-band radar were compared to depth averaged ADCP measurements in a complex tidal inlet system at Ameland, the Netherlands. Inclusion of depth assimilation and ensemble averaging in radar calculations led to smaller differences between ADCP and radar. The observed differences were clustered and related to water level...
master thesis 2019
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van der Vliet, Nils (author)
River data on discharge and characteristics is essential for water management and water supply, as well as for flood prediction and flood control (Pan, Wang, and Xi 2016). In practice, many watersheds are ungauged due to high costs, inaccessibility and even due to political instability (Pan, Wang, and Xi 2016). For this reason, measuring...
master thesis 2019
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Groot, kevin (author)
Methodology <br/>Agriculture is an important sector to provide in our needs. Since 2000, the arable land per farmer increased with 66%. To help farmers managing their increasing amount of arable land, it is important to develop new techniques in example based on remote sensing data. One of the key parameters for agricultural management is the...
master thesis 2019
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Antonissen, Coco (author)
Climate on Earth is changing rapidly. In order to take the right measures it is important to know with which magnitude and rate the warming of the climate continues in the future. However, climate models currently predict different scenarios. The differing in response of shallow cumulus clouds to a warming climate explains the largest part of...
master thesis 2019
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Panis, Marijke (author)
In 2008 the Red Cross Red Crescent (RCRC) started with Forecast-based Financing pilots to improve existing Early-Warning Early Action systems. Forecast-based financing is a new methodology to prepare, deliver and respond in a more effective and efficient manner, based on hazard forecasts. Actions are triggered when a forecast exceeds a danger...
master thesis 2019
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Tantawy, Iman (author)
Water scarcity has been a growing problem for many places around the world as water usage has been increasing with double the rate of population growth in the twentieth century. As agriculture accounts for 70 percent of global freshwater withdrawals, fresh water availability will thus face even greater stress (World Bank, 2013). Sustainable...
master thesis 2019
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Neisingh, Wouter (author)
A large part of the world population lives in deltas or in the vicinity of a river which provides many advantages, such as access to transportation, food and drinking water. Inundating floodplains are a natural and recurring phenomenon which is for instance a way to irrigate soils, but drawbacks occur when people or infrastructure are harmed by ...
master thesis 2018
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Mulder, Martijn (author)
The growing world population and climate change have resulted in increasing stress on the Earth’s ecosystems. Especially the overexploitation of agricultural land, overgrazing and extreme droughts have resulted in land degradation, often called desertification. This leads to the disappearing of natural vegetation, the loss of soil quality, lower...
master thesis 2018
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Hemshorn de Sanchez, Anna Luisa (author)
Droughts are a serious threat to the planet. Especially in agriculture, the consequences are devastating leading to reduced yields or crop failure with further implications for economics, politics and society. Being able to monitor and predict agricultural droughts is an important step to reduce agricultural vulnerability and secure livelihoods....
master thesis 2018
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