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Apostolidis, P. (author), Pipintakos, G. (author), Liu, X. (author), van de Ven, Martin (author), Erkens, Sandra (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
Epoxy modified bitumen (EMB) is a promising technology for long lasting paving materials ensuring higher resistance to rutting, oxygen- and moisture-induced damage. In this paper, an analysis of the chemical reactions that take place during the chemical hardening process (curing) of epoxy modified bitumen<br/>was conducted by means of Fourier...
conference paper 2018
document
Jing, R. (author), Varveri, A. (author), Liu, X. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author), Erkens, Sandra (author)
The ageing of bitumen has a significant impact on the mechanical behavior of asphalt concrete. In this study, Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) tests were utilized to investigate the effect of ageing on the relaxation properties of bituminous materials. PEN 70/100 bitumen films with thickness of 2 mm were exposed to laboratory ageing at various...
conference paper 2018
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Mookhoek, S.D. (author), Liu, G. (author), Erkens, S. (author), Giezen, C (author), Voskuilen, Jan (author)
In this work ageing protocols for asphalt and mastics were developed and investigated; i.e representation of the field ageing and their acceleration degree. Here it was aimed to age laboratory prepared specimen analogous to naturally aged materials in the field and compare their material properties. Such simulation of ageing is of importance in...
conference paper 2014
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Jing, R. (author), Varveri, A. (author), Liu, X. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author), Erkens, S. (author)
Ageing of bitumen is a complex process. It is accompanied by major chemical and mechanical changes. In this study, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrometer and Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) tests were utilized to investigate the effect of ageing on the chemical and mechanical properties of bituminous materials. Bitumen films with thickness...
conference paper 2018
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Apostolidis, P. (author), Nahar, Sayeda (author), Liu, X. (author), Lommerts, Bert-Jan (author), Erkens, S. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
The utilization of epoxy-based polymers as bituminous modifiers in developing durable and long-lasting pavement structures have gained increasing interest over the last years showing evidence of high performing materials (1-8). It has been noticed that the addition of epoxy-based modifier into bitumen lead to materials with superior...
conference paper 2019
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Daniel, C.G. (author), Liu, X. (author), Apostolidis, P. (author), Erkens, S. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
The use of synthetic fibres has been reported to enhance the performance of asphalt pavement materials in terms of permanent deformation, fatigue and thermal cracking. However, limited results about the benefits of synthetic fibres in the reinforced warm-mix asphaltic materials, and the exact mechanism of reinforcing the binding part in pavement...
conference paper 2019
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Zegard, A. (author), Smal, L. (author), Naus, R. (author), Apostolidis, P. (author), Liu, X. (author), van de Ven, Martin (author), Erkens, S. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
The addition of epoxy modifier in bitumen is a relatively new modification technology (1-4) and the most critical epoxy polymerization-induced changes of the epoxy-bituminous materials are not fully understood. Different phenomena take place when epoxy modifiers are incorporated into bitumen and they are dependent on the material hardening...
conference paper 2019
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Apostolidis, P. (author), Daniel, Gerald C. (author), Liu, X. (author), Erkens, S. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
The utilization of synthetic fibers has been reported in the past (1-8) showing enhancement of fatigue and thermal cracking resistance in asphaltic materials. However, the limited evidences about the benefits of these fibres in asphaltic materials at low material scales have been noticed. Also, the exact reinforcing mechanism of binding system...
conference paper 2019
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Apostolidis, P. (author), Liu, X. (author), Zhang, M (author), van de Ven, Martin (author), Erkens, S. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
The addition of epoxy modifier in bitumen is a relatively new modification technology (1-4) and the most critical epoxy polymerization-induced changes of the epoxy-bituminous materials are not fully understood. Different phenomena take place when epoxy modifiers are incorporated into bitumen and they are dependent on the material hardening...
conference paper 2019
document
Jing, R. (author), van Lent, Diederik (author), Kasbergen, C. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author), Liu, X. (author), Erkens, S. (author)
When oxygen diffuses in a bituminous film, it also reacts, simultaneously, with the constituents of the bitumen and as such it is gradually depleted. This depletion process masks the characteristics of the actual diffusion process and complicates the determination of the diffusion coefficient needed for computation of oxygen concentration and...
conference paper 2017
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Jing, R. (author), Liu, X. (author), Varveri, A. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author), Erkens, Sandra (author)
Asphalt mortar is a mixture of bitumen, filler, and sand. Mortar plays an important role in asphalt mixtures as it serves as the adhesive between the coarser aggregates. Due to the effect of bitumen ageing, the chemical and mechanical properties of asphalt mortar evolve with time. The mortar becomes more brittle and prone to cracking, thus...
journal article 2018
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Wang, H. (author), Liu, X. (author), Zhang, H. (author), Apostolidis, P. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author), Erkens, Sandra (author)
Warm mix asphalt (WMA) technology has been increasingly utilised in rubberised asphalt pavements to reduce the production and compaction temperatures and the incidental fumes and odours. This study aims to investigate the high, intermediate and low-temperature performance of crumb rubber modified asphalt binders containing WMA additives. The...
journal article 2018
document
Miller, Seirgei (author), Chakraborty, Joyraj (author), van der Vegt, Jurian (author), Brinkerink, Daan (author), Erkens, Sandra (author), Liu, X. (author), Anupam, K. (author), Sluer, Berwich (author), Mohajeri, Mohamad (author)
The Fibre Bragg Gratings (FBG) technology based on integrated photonics, offers specific benefits including thermal mapping, damage detection, shape- and distributed sensing. This makes it useful for determining pavement behaviour during extreme weather conditions e.g. freeze-thaw cycles when harsh winter conditions could damage the asphalt...
journal article 2017
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Apostolidis, P. (author), Liu, X. (author), Erkens, S. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
In epoxy-bitumen systems, temperature contributes to the development of physiochemical and mechanical characteristics during curing (chemical hardening) and at the long-term service (oxidative aging) of pavement structures. Hardening (i.e., chemical or oxidative controlled) is a complex phenomenon in epoxy-modified binders and the in-depth...
journal article 2019
document
Apostolidis, P. (author), Liu, X. (author), van de Ven, Martin (author), Erkens, S. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
Epoxy modification of asphalt binders has been recognized as a very effective technology to alter the chemistry of asphaltic materials in such a way that long-lasting pavement structures can be designed. However, the phenomena that are involved to build up the physico-mechanical properties of epoxy asphalt systems are still unknown. The focus of...
journal article 2019
document
Apostolidis, P. (author), Liu, X. (author), Daniel, Gerald C. (author), Erkens, S. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
The utilisation of synthetic fibres has been reported in the past showing enhancement of fatigue and thermal cracking resistance in asphaltic materials. However, the limited evidences about the benefits of these fibres in asphaltic materials at low material scales have been noticed. Also, the exact reinforcing mechanism of binding system in the...
journal article 2019
document
Apostolidis, P. (author), Liu, X. (author), van de Ven, Martin (author), Erkens, S. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
Induction heating driven polymerisation is an in-situ curing technique for epoxy-asphalt systems that maintains most of the advantages of temperature-driven polymerisation and it solves the need for longer curing time periods at lower temperatures before traffic can be allowed. In particular, induction heating can be utilised to accelerate the...
journal article 2019
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