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Watson, S.J. (author), Moro, Alberto (author), Reis, Vera (author), Baniotopoulos, Charalampos (author), Barth, Stephan (author), Bartoli, Gianni (author), Bauer, Florian (author), Jamieson, Peter (author), Schmehl, R. (author), More Authors (author)
This paper represents an expert view from Europe of future emerging technologies within the wind energy sector considering their potential, challenges, applications and technology readiness and how they might evolve in the coming years. These technologies were identified as originating primarily from the academic sector, some start-up...
review 2019
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Tscheikner-Gratl, F. (author), Bellos, Vasilis (author), Schellart, Alma (author), Moreno Rodenas, A. (author), Muthusamy, Manoranjan (author), Langeveld, J.G. (author), Clemens, F.H.L.R. (author), Shucksmith, James (author), Heuvelink, Gerard B.M. (author), More Authors (author)
This paper aims to stimulate discussion based on the experiences derived from the QUICS project (Quantifying Uncertainty in Integrated Catchment Studies). First it briefly discusses the current state of knowledge on uncertainties in sub-models of integrated catchment models and the existing frameworks for analysing uncertainty. Furthermore, it...
review 2019
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Heinze, Christoph (author), Eyring, Veronika (author), Friedlingstein, Pierre (author), Jones, Colin (author), Balkanski, Yves (author), Collins, William (author), Fichefet, Thierry (author), Gao, Shuang (author), Siebesma, A.P. (author), More Authors (author)
Earth system models (ESMs) are key tools for providing climate projections under different scenarios of human-induced forcing. ESMs include a large number of additional processes and feedbacks such as biogeochemical cycles that traditional physical climate models do not consider. Yet, some processes such as cloud dynamics and ecosystem...
review 2019
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Angst, Ueli M. (author), Geiker, Mette R. (author), Alonso, Maria Cruz (author), Polder, R.B. (author), Elsener, Bernhard (author), Wong, Hong (author), Michel, Alexander (author), Hornbostel, Karla (author), Sanchez, Mercedes (author), More Authors (author)
The steel–concrete interface (SCI) is known to influence corrosion of steel in concrete. However, due to the numerous factors affecting the SCI—including steel properties, concrete properties, execution, and exposure conditions—it remains unclear which factors have the most dominant impact on the susceptibility of reinforced concrete to...
review 2019
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Sprenger, Matthias (author), Stumpp, Christine (author), Weiler, Markus (author), Aeschbach, Werner (author), Allen, Scott T. (author), Benettin, Paolo (author), Dubbert, Maren (author), Hartmann, Andreas (author), Hrachowitz, M. (author), More Authors (author)
The time that water takes to travel through the terrestrial hydrological cycle and the critical zone is of great interest in Earth system sciences with broad implications for water quality and quantity. Most water age studies to date have focused on individual compartments (or subdisciplines) of the hydrological cycle such as the unsaturated...
review 2019
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Krijgsman, W. (author), Tesakov, A. (author), Yanina, T. (author), Lazarev, S. (author), Danukalova, G. (author), van Baak, Christiaan G.C. (author), Agustí, J. (author), Flecker, R. (author), Kroonenberg, S.B. (author), More Authors (author)
The Pontocaspian (Black Sea - Caspian Sea) region has a very dynamic history of basin development and biotic evolution. The region is the remnant of a once vast Paratethys Sea. It contains some of the best Eurasian geological records of tectonic, climatic and paleoenvironmental change. The Pliocene-Quaternary co-evolution of the Black Sea...
review 2019
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Box, Jason Eric (author), Colgan, William T (author), Røjle Christensen, Torben (author), Schmidt, Niels Martin (author), Lund, Magnus (author), Parmentier, Frans-Jan W (author), Brown, Ross (author), Bhatt, Uma S (author), Wouters, B. (author), More Authors (author)
Key observational indicators of climate change in the Arctic, most spanning a 47 year period (1971–2017) demonstrate fundamental changes among nine key elements of the Arctic system. We find that, coherent with increasing air temperature, there is an intensification of the hydrological cycle, evident from increases in humidity, precipitation,...
review 2019
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Guerra, Carlos A. (author), Pendleton, L. (author), Drakou, E.G. (author), Proença, Vânia (author), Appeltans, W. (author), Domingos, Tiago (author), Geller, Gary (author), Giamberini, Silvia (author), Ziemba, A.M. (author), More Authors (author)
To account for progress towards conservation targets, monitoring systems should capture not only information on biodiversity but also knowledge on the dynamics of ecological processes and the related effects on human well-being. Protected areas represent complex social-ecological systems with strong human-nature interactions. They are able to...
review 2019
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Zheng, Feifei (author), Tao, Ruoling (author), Maier, H. R. (author), See, Linda (author), Savić, Dragan (author), Zhang, Tuqiao (author), Chen, Qiuwen (author), Assumpção, Thaine H. (author), Solomatine, D.P. (author), More Authors (author)
Data are essential in all areas of geophysics. They are used to better understand and manage systems, either directly or via models. Given the complexity and spatiotemporal variability of geophysical systems (e.g., precipitation), a lack of sufficient data is a perennial problem, which is exacerbated by various drivers, such as climate change...
review 2019
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