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Guo, Y. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Zhang, X. (author), Qiang, Weile (author), Jing, Guoquig (author)
The performance and deformation of ballast bed are significantly influenced by the particle morphology (size and shape), the rheology (translation and rotation), and the degradation (breakage and abrasion). Regarding the ballast particle morphology, the ballast particle size is generally measured by sieving and described with the Particle Size...
review 2019
document
Shakeel, A. (author), Mahmood, Hamayoun (author), Farooq, Ujala (author), Ullah, Zahoor (author), Yasin, Saima (author), Iqbal, Tanveer (author), Chassagne, C. (author), Moniruzzaman, Muhammad (author)
Ionic liquids (ILs) are liquid salts at ambient or lower temperatures and consist of ions and short-lived ion pairs. They are potential alternatives to toxic, hazardous, highly flammable, and volatile solvents for preparing solutions, dispersions, gels, composites, and polymeric melts. ILs have some very interesting and unique characteristics...
review 2019