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Dembele, M. (author), Hrachowitz, M. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author), Mariéthoz, Grégoire (author), Schaefli, Bettina (author)
Hydrological model calibration combining Earth observations and in situ measurements is a promising solution to overcome the limitations of the traditional streamflow-only calibration. However, combining multiple data sources in model calibration requires a meaningful integration of the data sets, which should harness their most reliable...
journal article 2020
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Felter, K.M. (author), Fravventura, Maria C. (author), Koster, Emma (author), Abellon, R.D. (author), Savenije, T.J. (author), Grozema, F.C. (author)
In this contribution we demonstrate a solid-state approach to triplet-triplet annihilation upconversion for application in a solar cell device in which absorption of near-infrared light is followed by direct electron injection into an inorganic substrate. We use time-resolved microwave photoconductivity experiments to study the injection of...
journal article 2020
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Gao, Hongkai (author), Birkel, Christian (author), Hrachowitz, M. (author), Tetzlaff, Doerthe (author), Soulsby, Chris (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author)
Reading landscapes and developing calibration-free runoff generation models that adequately reflect land surface heterogeneities remains the focus of much hydrological research. In this study, we report a novel and simple topography-driven runoff generation parameterization – the HAND-based Storage Capacity curve (HSC), which uses a topographic...
journal article 2019
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Blöschl, Günter (author), Bierkens, Marc F.P. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author), Bogaard, T.A. (author), Hrachowitz, M. (author), Kolechkina, A.G. (author), Pande, S. (author), van der Ent, R.J. (author), van Nooijen, R.R.P. (author)
This paper is the outcome of a community initiative to identify major unsolved scientific problems in hydrology motivated by a need for stronger harmonisation of research efforts. The procedure involved a public consultation through online media, followed by two workshops through which a large number of potential science questions were collated,...
journal article 2019
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Muscarella, Loreta A. (author), Hutter, E.M. (author), Sanchez, Sandy (author), Dieleman, Christian D. (author), Savenije, T.J. (author), Hagfeldt, Anders (author), Saliba, Michael (author), Ehrler, Bruno (author)
Growing large, oriented grains of perovskite often leads to efficient devices, but it is unclear if properties of the grains are responsible for the efficiency. Domains observed in SEM are commonly misidentified with crystallographic grains, but SEM images do not provide diffraction information. We study methylammoinium lead iodide (MAPbI<sub...
journal article 2019
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Caselli, V.M. (author), Fischer, Mathias (author), Meggiolaro, Daniele (author), Mosconi, Edoardo (author), De Angelis, Filippo (author), Stranks, Samuel D. (author), Baumann, Andreas (author), Dyakonov, Vladimir (author), Hutter, E.M. (author), Savenije, T.J. (author)
Recently, several studies have investigated dielectric properties as a possible origin of the exceptional optoelectronic properties of metal halide perovskites (MHPs). In this study we investigated the temperature-dependent dielectric behavior of different MHP films at different frequencies. In the gigahertz regime, dielectric losses in...
journal article 2019
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Zehe, Erwin (author), Loritz, Ralf (author), Jackisch, Conrad (author), Westhoff, Martijn (author), Kleidon, Axel (author), Blume, Theresa (author), Hassler, Sibylle K. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author)
The present study confirms that a thermodynamic perspective on soil water is well suited to distinguishing the typical interplay of gravity and capillarity controls on soil water dynamics in different landscapes. To this end, we express the driving matric and gravity potentials by their energetic counterparts and characterize soil water by its...
journal article 2019
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Andaji-Garmaroudi, Zahra (author), Abdi-Jalebi, Mojtaba (author), Guo, D. (author), Macpherson, Stuart (author), Sadhanala, Aditya (author), Tennyson, Elizabeth M. (author), Ruggeri, Edoardo (author), Anaya, Miguel (author), Savenije, T.J. (author)
Mixed-halide lead perovskites have attracted significant attention in the field of photovoltaics and other optoelectronic applications due to their promising bandgap tunability and device performance. Here, the changes in photoluminescence and photoconductance of solution-processed triple-cation mixed-halide (Cs<sub>0.06</sub>MA<sub>0.15</sub...
journal article 2019
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Wei, Z. (author), Guo, D. (author), Thieme, J. (author), Katan, Claudine (author), Caselli, V.M. (author), Even, Jacky (author), Savenije, T.J. (author)
Despite intense research into the optoelectronic properties of metal halide perovskites (MHPs), sub-bandgap absorption in MHPs remains largely unexplored. Here we recorded two-photon absorption spectra of MHPs using the time-resolved microwave conductivity technique. A two-step upward trend is observed in the two-photon absorption spectrum...
journal article 2019
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Guo, D. (author), Caselli, V.M. (author), Hutter, E.M. (author), Savenije, T.J. (author)
While the power conversion efficiency of metal halide perovskite (MHP) solar cells has increased enormously, the open-circuit voltage, V <sub>oc</sub> , is still below the conceivable limit. Here, we derive the Fermi level splitting, μ <sub>F</sub> , for various types of noncontacted MHPs, which sets a limit for their achievable V <sub>oc<...
journal article 2019
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Felter, K.M. (author), Caselli, V.M. (author), Gunbas, D.D. (author), Savenije, T.J. (author), Grozema, F.C. (author)
Two of the key parameters that characterize the usefulness of organic semiconductors for organic or hybrid organic/inorganic solar cells are the mobility of charges and the diffusion length of excitons. Both parameters are strongly related to the supramolecular organization in the material. In this work we have investigated the relation...
journal article 2019
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Guo, D. (author), Andaji Garmaroudi, Zahra (author), Abdi-Jalebi, Mojtaba (author), Stranks, Samuel D. (author), Savenije, T.J. (author)
The highest reported efficiencies of metal halide perovskite (MHP) solar cells are all based on mixed perovskites, such as (FA,MA,Cs)Pb(I<sub>1-x</sub>Br<sub>x</sub>)<sub>3</sub>. Despite demonstrated structural changes induced by light soaking, it is unclear how the charge carrier dynamics are affected across this entire material family....
journal article 2019
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Cai, Huayang (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author), Garel, Erwan (author), Zhang, Xianyi (author), Guo, Leicheng (author), Zhang, Min (author), Liu, Feng (author), Yang, Qingshu (author)
As a tide propagates into the estuary, river discharge affects tidal damping, primarily via a friction term, attenuating tidal motion by increasing the quadratic velocity in the numerator, while reducing the effective friction by increasing the water depth in the denominator. For the first time, we demonstrate a third effect of river discharge...
journal article 2019
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Zhang, Z. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author)
According to Kleidon (2016), natural systems evolve towards a state of maximum power, leading to higher levels of entropy production by different mechanisms, including gravitational circulation in alluvial estuaries. Gravitational circulation is driven by the potential energy of fresh water. Due to the density difference between seawater and...
journal article 2019
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Kok, D.D. (author), Pande, S. (author), van Lier, J.B. (author), Ortigara, Angela R.C. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author), Uhlenbrook, S. (author)
Phosphorus is a nutrient necessary for the development of crops and is thus commonly applied as fertilizer to sustain agricultural production. It occurs naturally, in indefinite quantities of uncertain quality in phosphate rock formations, but also accumulates in urban and livestock wastewater wherefrom it is often lost as a pollutant....
journal article 2018
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Hulsman, P. (author), Bogaard, T.A. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author)
Hydrological models play an important role in water resources management. These models generally rely on discharge data for calibration. Discharge time series are normally derived from observed water levels by using a rating curve. However, this method suffers from many uncertainties due to insufficient observations, inadequate rating curve...
journal article 2018
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Savenije, H.H.G. (author)
Editors of several journals in the field of hydrology met during the General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union-EGU in Vienna in April 2017. This event was a follow-up of similar meetings held in 2013 and 2015. These meetings enable the group of editors to review the current status of the journals and the publication process, and to...
review 2018
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Wang-Erlandsson, L. (author), Fetzer, Ingo (author), Keys, Patrick W. (author), van der Ent, R.J. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author), Gordon, Line J. (author)
The effects of land-use change on river flows have usually been explained by changes within a river basin. However, land-atmosphere feedback such as moisture recycling can link local land-use change to modifications of remote precipitation, with further knock-on effects on distant river flows. Here, we look at river flow changes caused by...
journal article 2018
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Cai, H. (author), Toffolon, Marco (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author), Yang, Qingshu (author), Garel, Erwan (author)
When different tidal constituents propagate along an estuary, they interact because of the presence of nonlinear terms in the hydrodynamic equations. In particular, due to the quadratic velocity in the friction term, the effective friction experienced by both the predominant and the minor tidal constituents is enhanced. We explore the...
journal article 2018
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Lutz, S.R. (author), Popp, Andrea (author), van Emmerik, T.H.M. (author), Gleeson, Tom (author), Kalaugher, Liz (author), Möbius, Karsten (author), Mudde, Tonie (author), Walton, Brett (author), Hut, R.W. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author), Slater, Louise J. (author), Solcerova, A. (author), Stoof, Cathelijne R. (author), Zink, Matthias (author)
Media such as television, newspapers and social media play a key role in the communication between scientists and the general public. Communicating your science via the media can be positive and rewarding by providing the inherent joy of sharing your knowledge with a broader audience, promoting science as a fundamental part of culture and...
journal article 2018
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