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Tetyukhina, D. (author), Van Vliet, L.J. (author), Luthi, S.M. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Fluvio-deltaic sedimentary systems are of great interest for explorationists because they can form prolific hydrocarbon plays. However, they are also among the most complex and heterogeneous ones encountered in the subsurface, and potential reservoir units are often close to or below seismic resolution. For seismic inversion, it is therefore...
journal article 2010
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Snieder, R. (author)
We have analyzed the far-field approximation of the Green's function representation for seismic interferometry. By writing each of the Green's functions involved in the correlation process as a superposition of a direct wave and a scattered wave, the Green's function representation is rewritten as a superposition of four terms. When the...
journal article 2010
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Draganov, D.S. (author), Campman, X. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author), Verdel, A. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
One application of seismic interferometry is to retrieve the impulse response (Green's function) from crosscorrelation of ambient seismic noise. Various researchers show results for retrieving the surface-wave part of the Green's function. However, reflection retrieval has proven more challenging. We crosscorrelate ambient seismic noise,...
journal article 2009
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Ruigrok, E.N. (author), Campman, X. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), Wapenaar, K. (author)
In recent years, there has been an increase in the deployment of relatively dense arrays of seismic stations. The availability of spatially densely sampled global and regional seismic data has stimulated the adoption of industry-style imaging algorithms applied to converted- and scattered-wave energy from distant earthquakes, leading to...
journal article 2010
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Draganov, D.S. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author)
In 1968, Jon Claerbout showed that the reflection response of a 1D acoustic medium can be reconstructed by autocorrelating the transmission response. Since then, several authors have derived relationships for reconstructing Green's functions at the surface, using crosscorrelations of (noise) recordings that were taken at the surface and that...
journal article 2006
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Fokkema, J.T. (author)
The term seismic interferometry refers to the principle of generating new seismic responses by crosscorrelating seismic observations at different receiver locations. The first version of this principle was derived by Claerbout (1968), who showed that the reflection response of a horizontally layered medium can be synthesized from the...
journal article 2006
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Snieder, R. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Larner, K. (author)
Seismic interferometry is a technique for estimating the Green's function that accounts for wave propagation between receivers by correlating the waves recorded at these receivers. We present a derivation of this principle based on the method of stationary phase. Although this derivation is intended to be educational, applicable to simple media...
journal article 2006
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Van der Burg, D. (author), Verdel, A. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Trace inversion for reservoir parameters is affected by angle averaging of seismic data and wavelet distortion on the migration image. In an alternative approach to stochastic trace inversion, the data are inverted prestack before migration using 3D dynamic ray tracing. This choice makes it possible to interweave trace inversion with Kirchhoff...
journal article 2009
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Ruigrok, E.N. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), Wapenaar, K. (author)
Progress in the imaging of the mantle and core is partially limited by the sparse distribution of natural sources; the earthquake hypocenters are mainly along the active lithospheric plate boundaries. This problem can be approached with seismic interferometry. In recent years, there has been considerable progress in the development of seismic...
journal article 2008
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Fokkema, J. (author), Snieder, R. (author)
We compare two approaches for deriving the fact that the Green’s function in an arbitrary inhomogeneous open system can be obtained by cross correlating recordings of the wave field at two positions. One approach is based on physical arguments, exploiting the principle of time-reversal invariance of the acoustic wave equation. The other approach...
journal article 2005
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Minato, S. (author), Matsuoka, T. (author), Tsuji, T. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), Hunziker, J.W. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Crosswell reflection method is a high-resolution seismic imaging method that uses recordings between boreholes. The need for downhole sources is a restrictive factor in its application, for example, to time-lapse surveys. An alternative is to use surface sources in combination with seismic interferometry. Seismic interferometry (SI) could...
journal article 2011
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), Snieder, R. (author), Campman, X. (author), Verdel, A. (author)
Seismic interferometry involves the crosscorrelation of responses at different receivers to obtain the Green's function between these receivers. For the simple situation of an impulsive plane wave propagating along the x-axis, the crosscorrelation of the responses at two receivers along the x-axis gives the Green's function of the direct wave...
journal article 2010
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Thorbecke, J.W. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Seismic interferometry refers to the process of retrieving new seismic responses by crosscorrelating seismic observations at different receiver locations. Seismic migration is the process of forming an image of the subsurface by wavefield extrapolation. Comparing the expressions for backward propagation known from migration literature with the...
journal article 2007
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Van der Neut, J.R. (author), Ruigrok, E.N. (author)
We introduce seismic interferometry of passive data by multidimensional deconvolution (MDD) as an alternative to the crosscorrelation method. Interferometry by MDD has the potential to correct for the effects of source irregularity, assuming the first arrival can be separated from the full response. MDD applications can range from reservoir...
journal article 2008
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Curtis, A. (author), Gerstoft, P. (author), Sato, H. (author), Snieder, R. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Turning noise into useful data—every geophysicist's dream? And now it seems possible. The field of seismic interferometry has at its foundation a shift in the way we think about the parts of the signal that are currently filtered out of most analyses—complicated seismic codas (the multiply scattered parts of seismic waveforms) and background...
journal article 2006
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Snieder, R. (author), Curtis, A. (author)
In the 1990s, the method of time-reversed acoustics was developed. This method exploits the fact that the acoustic wave equation for a lossless medium is invariant for time reversal. When ultrasonic responses recorded by piezoelectric transducers are reversed in time and fed simultaneously as source signals to the transducers, they focus at the...
journal article 2010
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Toxopeus, G. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Petersen, S. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Fokkema, J.T. (author)
The simulation of migrated and inverted data is hampered by the high computational cost of generating 3D synthetic data, followed by processes of migration and inversion. For example, simulating the migrated seismic signature of subtle stratigraphic traps demands the expensive exercise of 3D forward modeling, followed by 3D migration of the...
journal article 2008
document
Van der Neut, J.R. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author), Mehta, K. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Various researchers have shown that accurate redatuming of controlled seismic sources to downhole receiver locations can be achieved without requiring a velocity model. By placing receivers in a horizontal or deviated well and turning them into virtual sources, accurate images can be obtained even below a complex near-subsurface. Examples...
journal article 2011
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