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Van der Neut, J. (author), Tatanova, M. (author), Thorbecke, J. (author), Slob, E. (author), Wapenaar, K. (author)
With controlled-source seismic interferometry we aim to redatum sources to downhole receiver locations without requiring a velocity model. Interferometry is generally based on a source integral over cross-correlation (CC) pairs of full, perturbed (timegated), or decomposed wavefields. We provide an overview of ghosts, multiples, and spatial...
journal article
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Bauer, G.E.W. (author), Ferreira, M.S. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
journal article 2001
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Wapenaar, K. (author)
journal article 2004
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Fokkema, J. (author), Snieder, R. (author)
We compare two approaches for deriving the fact that the Green’s function in an arbitrary inhomogeneous open system can be obtained by cross correlating recordings of the wave field at two positions. One approach is based on physical arguments, exploiting the principle of time-reversal invariance of the acoustic wave equation. The other approach...
journal article 2005
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
The cross correlation of two recordings of a diffuse acoustic wave field at different receivers yields the Green’s function between these receivers. In nearly all cases considered so far the wave equation obeys time-reversal invariance and the Green’s function obeys source-receiver reciprocity. Here the theory is extended for nonreciprocal Green...
journal article 2006
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), Robertsson, J. (author)
journal article 2006
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Draganov, D.S. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author)
In 1968, Jon Claerbout showed that the reflection response of a 1D acoustic medium can be reconstructed by autocorrelating the transmission response. Since then, several authors have derived relationships for reconstructing Green's functions at the surface, using crosscorrelations of (noise) recordings that were taken at the surface and that...
journal article 2006
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Fokkema, J.T. (author)
The term seismic interferometry refers to the principle of generating new seismic responses by crosscorrelating seismic observations at different receiver locations. The first version of this principle was derived by Claerbout (1968), who showed that the reflection response of a horizontally layered medium can be synthesized from the...
journal article 2006
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Snieder, R. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Larner, K. (author)
Seismic interferometry is a technique for estimating the Green's function that accounts for wave propagation between receivers by correlating the waves recorded at these receivers. We present a derivation of this principle based on the method of stationary phase. Although this derivation is intended to be educational, applicable to simple media...
journal article 2006
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Curtis, A. (author), Gerstoft, P. (author), Sato, H. (author), Snieder, R. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Turning noise into useful data—every geophysicist's dream? And now it seems possible. The field of seismic interferometry has at its foundation a shift in the way we think about the parts of the signal that are currently filtered out of most analyses—complicated seismic codas (the multiply scattered parts of seismic waveforms) and background...
journal article 2006
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
The cross-correlation of acoustic wave fields at two receivers yields the exact Green's function between these receivers, provided the receivers are surrounded by sources on a closed surface. In most practical situations the sources are located on an open surface and as a consequence the illumination of the receivers is one-sided. In this Letter...
journal article 2006
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Snieder, R. (author)
It has been shown by many authors that the cross correlation of two recordings of a diffuse wave field at different receivers yields the Green’s function between these receivers. Recently the theory has been extended for situations where time-reversal invariance does not hold (e.g., in attenuating media) and where source-receiver reciprocity...
journal article 2006
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Snieder, R. (author), Wapenaar, K. (author), Wegler, U. (author)
journal article 2007
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Draganov, D.S. (author), Wapenaar, K. (author), Mulder, W. (author), Singer, J. (author), Verdel, A. (author)
The retrieval of the earth's reflection response from cross?correlations of seismic noise recordings can provide valuable information, which may otherwise not be available due to limited spatial distribution of seismic sources. We cross?correlated ten hours of seismic background?noise data acquired in a desert area. The cross?correlation results...
journal article 2007
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Slob, E.C. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
It is shown that the electromagnetic Green's functions of any linear medium with arbitrary heterogeneity can be obtained from the cross?correlation, or the cross?convolution, of two recordings at different receiver locations in an open system. Existing representations are known for cross?correlations where time?reversal invariance is exploited...
journal article 2007
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Acoustic, electromagnetic, elastodynamic, poroelastic, and electroseismic waves are all governed by a unified matrix-vector wave equation. The matrices in this equation obey the same symmetry properties for each of these wave phenomena. This implies that the wave vectors for each of these phenomena obey the same reciprocity theorems. By...
journal article 2007
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Draganov, D. (author), Wapenaar, K. (author), Thorbecke, J. (author), Nishizawa, O. (author)
By crosscorrelating transmission recordings of acoustic or elastic wave fields at two points, one can retrieve the reflection response between these two points. This technique has previously been applied to measured elastic data using diffuse wave-field recordings. These recordings should be relatively very long. The retrieval can also be...
journal article 2007
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Thorbecke, J.W. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Seismic interferometry refers to the process of retrieving new seismic responses by crosscorrelating seismic observations at different receiver locations. Seismic migration is the process of forming an image of the subsurface by wavefield extrapolation. Comparing the expressions for backward propagation known from migration literature with the...
journal article 2007
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Toxopeus, G. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Petersen, S. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Fokkema, J.T. (author)
The simulation of migrated and inverted data is hampered by the high computational cost of generating 3D synthetic data, followed by processes of migration and inversion. For example, simulating the migrated seismic signature of subtle stratigraphic traps demands the expensive exercise of 3D forward modeling, followed by 3D migration of the...
journal article 2008
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Ruigrok, E.N. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), Wapenaar, K. (author)
Progress in the imaging of the mantle and core is partially limited by the sparse distribution of natural sources; the earthquake hypocenters are mainly along the active lithospheric plate boundaries. This problem can be approached with seismic interferometry. In recent years, there has been considerable progress in the development of seismic...
journal article 2008
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