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Bey, C. (author), Hourlier, S. (author), Andre, J-M. (author)
The management of cognitive resources are central in the case of a decision-making process by pilots. We undertake a study involving Airbus 400M pilots and allowing to understand these mechanisms and to propose recommendations for the design of a tool to assist in the management of their cognitive resources. We find that in the most critical...
conference paper 2019
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Cookson, S. (author)
In response to multiple airline accidents involving pilot-ATC communication breakdowns, ICAO implemented a worldwide language proficiency program in 2011. The official guide to the program, Document 9835, cites four accidents in which insufficient English proficiency of pilots or air traffic controllers was a contributing factor. The purpose of...
conference paper 2019
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Beringer, D.B. (author), Sparko, A.L. (author), Jaworski, J.M. (author)
Two studies (using Boeing 777 and 737 simulators) examined flight crews’ use of an Enhanced Flight Vision System (EFVS) for low-visibility taxi operations. Twenty-five flight crews completed 21 short taxi scenarios under combinations of the following: Runway visual range (RVR: 300, 500, and 1000 ft); EFVS on head-up display (on/off); Airport...
conference paper 2019
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Daviaux, Y. (author), Bey, C. (author), Arsac, L. (author), Morellec, O. (author), Lini, S. (author)
Modeling individuals’ cognitive control levels in operational situations is a major challenge for safety in aeronautical industry. Standardized experimental tasks - as the Multi-Attribute Task Battery II (MATB-II) - are dedicated to such a challenge that can be faced using psycho-physiological biosignals. These biosignals are known to be...
conference paper 2019
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Piessens, T. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Impoverished sensory input makes tele-operation of Unmanned Autonomous Vehicles a difficult task. Automation support can provide assistance to the operator, but may also produce automation surprise and a risk of loss of situation awareness, when the human operator fails to notice the actions of automation in high-workload situations. Previous...
conference paper 2019
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Cabral, L. (author), Ribeiro, S. (author), Barreto, M (author), Fajer, M. (author), Pereira, M. (author), Santos, C. (author)
This article describes a Group Discussion ocurred on the I National Congress of the Brazilian Aviation Psychology Association (ABRAPAV), in 2016. Among 158 participants on the event, 146 took part of this Group Discussion: 75 psychologists; 6 Psychology students; 25 other aviation profissionals; 40 professionals with unidentified formation. They...
conference paper 2019
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Kiehl, Z.A. (author), Sathyanarayan, D. (author), Halverson, K.C. (author), Zabala, M.E. (author), Gallagher, S. (author)
Current cervical spine assessment methodologies focus solely on subjective measures, such as pain reports, and range-of-motion (ROM) testing that only measures maximum head excursion and reach (i.e., not dynamic motion). Due to report bias and the potential for negative outcomes of self-reported pain, current clinical assessment methods fail to...
conference paper 2019
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Sushereba, C. (author), Militello, L. (author), Ernst, K. (author), Diiulio, J. (author), Roth, E. (author), Scheff, S. (author), Huff IV, W. (author)
In this paper, we describe an ongoing effort to envision and articulate requirements for the United States Army’s Future Vertical Lift (FVL) program, specifically related to crewing. The goal of FVL is to develop a new family of rotorcraft that will incorporate advanced technologies to support new capabilities. We will discuss the challenges...
conference paper 2019
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Palmer, S. (author), Richards, D. (author), Shelton-Rayner, G. (author), Inch, D. (author), Izzetoglu, K. (author)
The promise of intelligent decision support systems is presented as a harbinger for humankind. With the potential partnership between the human and autonomous system we could see a significant increase in effectiveness and safety. However, as we see both human and agent team members being integrated we must investigate ways in which we can...
conference paper 2019
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Richards, D. (author), Kaliardos, B. (author)
Intelligent and complex systems are becoming common in our workplace and our homes, providing direct assistance in transport, health and education domains. In many instances the nature of these systems are somewhat ubiquitous, and influence the manner in which we make decisions. Traditionally we understand the benefits of how humans work within...
conference paper 2019
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Reddy, P. (author), Richards, D. (author), Izzetoglu, K. (author)
Unmanned aircraft system (UAS) sensor operators are typically required to execute search and surveillance tasks. Brain-in-the-loop measures during such tasks can help evaluate expertise development and cognitive capacities of the operator, which can be an important asset in designing adaptive and personalized training systems. Emergence of...
conference paper 2019
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Torres, C.D. (author), Kozak, B.J. (author)
In order to obtain an airframe and powerplant (A&P) certificate, students must receive a minimum of 1,900 hours of instruction from an FAA approved 14 CFR Part 147 School. Within Part 147, students are only required to learn about helicopters at a level 1 proficiency, which requires only classroom lectures. In order to fill this possible gap in...
conference paper 2019
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Smith, P.J. (author), Evans, M. (author), Spencer, A. (author)
There are a number of tools and procedures identified as applicable to initial Trajectory Based Operations (iTBO). This includes Strategic Planning and Traffic Flow Management such as the use of Ground Delay Programs, Airspace Flow Programs and Collaborative Trajectory Operations Program initiatives (CTOPs). It also includes a focus on route...
conference paper 2019
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Schulte, A. (author), Donath, D. (author)
This contribution outlines a cognitive engineering approach to structure, describe and depict configurations for highly automated human-machine systems using a common language. These systems involve cognitive agents, for autonomous vehicle guidance and mission management. The method focusses on the systematic top-down deduction of requirements...
conference paper 2019
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Pittorie, W. (author), Carroll, M. (author), Carstens, D. (author)
Advancements in technology has made obtaining a graphical/textual preflight weather briefing easier than a traditional verbal briefing. This study compared weather briefings delivered in a verbal format (i.e., written narrative) to those delivered in a graphical format (i,e., radar map plus textual data) in a within-subjects study that altered...
conference paper 2019
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Plat-Robain, M. (author)
Hypnosis has already been used in very long flights by Bertrand Piccard, one of the two Solar Impulse pilots, to manage fatigue and rest periods. It is also used by navigators like Armel Le Cléac’h during solo races. For this reason we consider it is worth to look at such technics to cope with the constraints of long flights. A study was done in...
conference paper 2019
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Reis, G.A. (author), Geiselman, E.E. (author), Miller, M.E. (author)
In applying the Arc-Segmented Attitude Reference (ASAR) symbology in headmounted displays (HMDs), it is uncertain if there is an optimal position for the symbology within the display. Vision science literature regarding visual asymmetries suggests that performance may differ depending upon the combination of the location of this symbology within...
conference paper 2019
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Carroll, M. (author), Forsyth Wilt, D. (author), Sanchez, P. (author), Carstens, D. (author)
Pilots are faced with making decisions based on a range of different information sources. One challenge pilots often face is the presentation of conflicting information between sources. This effort examined pilot decision making with conflicting information by conducting structured interviews with 13 pilots, including seven airline, three...
conference paper 2019
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Alshaqah, A. (author), Ling, C. (author), Pierson, E. (author), Wang, S. (author)
As the number of flights in the United States continues to rise steadily, an equally amplified need for reliability and safety has come to the forefront of aviation research. One of the most alarming trends is the number of general aviation (GA) accidents during severe weather events that occur yearly, with fatalities occurring in more than half...
conference paper 2019
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Faulhaber, A.K. (author)
Higher levels of automation have come to replace human roles in the cockpit. Therefore, a further reduction of the crew size from two pilots to one has become an option. Such single-pilot operations (SPO) need to provide at least the same safety standards as today’s two-crew operations (TCO). The present study aims at identifying potential...
conference paper 2019
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