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Knoop, V.L. (author), van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Leclercq, Ludovic (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
<br/>The Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (MFD) describes the relation between accumulation and speed in a zone. While theoretically expected, empirical validations have been done with limited numbers of floating car (e.g., taxi) data, and loop detectors. This paper will verify existence, shape and crispness of the MFD using Floating Car Data ...
conference paper 2019
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Taale, Henk (author), Meulenberg, Michel (author), van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Demand exceeding the capacity of a bottleneck will create congestion upstream of that bottleneck. Once this congestion occurs, the maximum flow through this bottleneck decreases (capacity drop). By limiting the flow towards the bottleneck, one can prevent or postpone the capacity drop and the accompanying congestion. In case the bottleneck is...
conference paper 2019
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Wierbos, M.J. (author), Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
In many countries, an increasing number of people are using the bicycle for urban trips. The increased bicycle flow sometimes creates local congestion at intersections and demands better bicycle traffic management. To provide policy<br/>makers with models and advice on how to prevent congestion, an increased understanding of queue dynamics is...
conference paper 2018
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van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Thoen, Sebastiaan (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
The fundamental diagram (FD) describes the relation between the flow and density in equilibrium conditions. In this paper, we propose an estimation approach to estimate the FD based on data from moving observers. This approach consists of two main steps: (1) estimate flow and density for space-time areas based on trajectories of moving observers...
conference paper 2018
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Wierbos, M.J. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hanseler, F.S. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
conference paper 2018
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van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
conference paper 2018
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Sparnaaij, M. (author), Duives, D.C. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
conference paper 2018
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Keyvan-Ekbatani, M. (author), de Baat, Marco (author), Taale, H. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Freeways form an important part of the road network. Drivers’ behavior can be split in longitudinal (acceleration and deceleration) and lateral behavior (lane changing). The combination of these two behaviors on freeways play a key role in traffic operations. This paper tries to describe the driving behavior, emphasizing the relation between the...
conference paper 2017
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Marczak, F (author), Leclercq, Ludovic (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
This paper deals with the derivation of analytical formulae to estimate the effective capacity at freeway merges in a multilane context. It extends two previous papers that are based on the same modeling framework but that are restricted to a single lane on the freeway (or to the analysis of the right lane only). The analytical expression for...
conference paper 2016
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Yuan, K. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Capacity drop indicates that the queue discharge rate is lower than the road capacity. Due to the capacity drop, traffic delays increase once queues form. Researchers find that queue discharge rates vary in different traffic conditions. Empirical data shows that the queue discharge rate increases as the speed in congestion increases....
conference paper 2016
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Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Kitahama, K. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Sags are bottlenecks in freeway networks. Nowadays, there is a growing interest in the development of traffic management measures for sags based on the use of in-car systems. This contribution determines the movements that individual (equipped) vehicles should make in order to minimise congestion. Specifically, we optimise the accelerations of...
conference paper 2016
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Leclercq, L. (author), Parzani, Céline (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Amourette, Jennifer (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
This paper investigates at an aggregated (macroscopic) scale the effects of route patterns on a road network. Four main variables are considered: the production, the mean speed, the outflow and the mean travel distance. First, a simple network with heterogeneous travel distances between origins and destinationsis studied by simulation. It...
conference paper 2015
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Yuan, K. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Leclercq, L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
In freeways, the maximum traffic flow through a bottleneck is usually higher than the outflow of congestion there. This phenomenon is called the capacity drop. In literature, there are considerable debates about the mechanism causing this phenomenon. This paper studies the mechanism by analyzing real life data of two different days. The traffic...
conference paper 2014
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Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Van Arem, B. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Sags are freeway sections along which the gradient changes significantly from downwards to upwards. The capacity of sags is considerably lower than the capacity of normal sections. Consequently, sags are often freeway bottlenecks. Recently, several control measures have been proposed to improve traffic flow efficiency at sags. Those measures...
conference paper 2014
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Knoop, V.L. (author), De Jong, D.M. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
The Macroscopic or Network Fundamental Diagram (NFD) describes the relationship between the network flow and the number of travellers within the network. The shape of the NFD is important for control purposes like perimeter control or routing. However, it is unknown how the network structure influences the shape of the NFD. This is studied in...
conference paper 2014
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Knoop, V.L. (author), De Jong, D.M. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
It is analyzed what the effect is of the exact network structure on the shape of the Network Fundamental Diagram (NFD). In order to do so, a tool is developed which can create random networks for which the aggregated properties are the same. Using this tool, different urban networks with the same properties are designed. They show different NFDs...
conference paper 2014
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
New IT techniques allow communication and coordination between traffic measures. To best use this, one needs to coordinate over longer distances. Optimization of the measures is not possible using traditional microscopic or macroscopic simulation models. The Network Fundamental Diagram (NFD) describes the relation between flow and density on a...
conference paper 2014
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Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Van Arem, B. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Sags are freeway sections along which the gradient changes significantly from downwards to upwards. The capacity of sags is significantly lower than the capacity of normal sections. As a result, sags often become bottlenecks in freeway networks, causing the formation of congestion in conditions of high traffic demand. Congestion results in a...
conference paper 2014
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Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Van Arem, B. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
We present a new control strategy that aims to reduce total delay at sags. The strategy is based on the concept of mainstream traffic flow control. The traffic density at the bottleneck area is regulated in order to keep it slightly below the critical density, hence preventing traffic from breaking down while maximizing outflow. Density is...
conference paper 2014
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Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Schakel, W.J. (author), Van Arem, B. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
conference paper 2013
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