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Venkatesan, P. (author), Sun, Z.H.I. (author), Sietsma, J. (author), Yang, Y. (author)
In this manuscript, we demonstrate a room temperature electrochemical process for efficiently recycling NdFeB magnet waste. First, the magnet waste was completely leached with HCl and then, in-situ electrochemical oxidation was performed to selectively oxidize Fe(II) in the leachate to Fe(III). Finally, oxalic acid was added directly to the...
journal article 2018
document
Venkatesan, P. (author), Vander Hoogerstraete, Tom (author), Hennebel, Tom (author), Binnemans, Koen (author), Sietsma, J. (author), Yang, Y. (author)
NdFeB magnet waste is one of the important secondary resources from which rare-earth elements (REEs) can be recovered. Herein we present an electrochemical route to selectively extract REEs from the magnet waste at room temperature. First, the magnet waste was partially leached with HCl. The partial leachate along with undissolved magnet...
journal article 2018
document
Peelman, S. (author), Kooijman, D. (author), Sietsma, J. (author), Yang, Y. (author)
The present study proposes three distinct processes to recycle rare earth elements (REE) from two low-grade secondary resources: REE-containing mine tailings and ferrous scrap from shredded waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). The first developed process extracts both REE and phosphorus from the apatite mineral contained within...
journal article 2018
document
Abbasalizadeh, A. (author), Malfliet, Annelies (author), Seetharaman, Seshadri (author), Sietsma, J. (author), Yang, Y. (author)
In the present research on rare earth extraction from rare earth oxides (REOs), conversion of rare earth oxides into rare earth fluorides with fluoride fluxes is investigated in order to overcome the problem of low solubility of the rare earth oxides in molten fluoride salts as well as the formation of oxyfluorides in the fluorination process....
journal article 2017
document
Gavel, D.J. (author), Song, Qingshi (author), Adema, A.T. (author), van der Stel, Jan (author), Sietsma, J. (author), Boom, R. (author), Yang, Y. (author)
In the blast furnace, nut coke is utilized in a mixture with the ferrous burden to improve the gas permeability. Although applied in a broad range (10–40 mm, 2–23 wt-%), limited information is available on changed burden behaviour in its presence. In the present study, the detailed characterization was performed on the iron ore pellets quenched...
journal article 2018
document
Chen, Z. (author), Qu, Yingxia (author), Zeilstra, Christiaan (author), van der Stel, Jan (author), Sietsma, J. (author), Yang, Y. (author)
Melting and reduction of fine iron ore particles in the gas environment of a HIsarna smelting cyclone is a critically important topic, but very limited information is currently available except for some experimental data from high temperature drop tube furnace (HTDF). This work discusses the equilibrium state of reacting iron ore in the HTDF...
journal article 2018
document
Peelman, S. (author), Sietsma, J. (author), Yang, Y. (author)
Neodymium is a critical element used in many high-tech applications. However, despite this, the EU is entirely dependent on China for its Nd supply. This has driven the EU to develop recycling strategies to recover its Nd from end-of-life (EoL) products and wastes, and establish a domestic supply. This paper proposes a process to recycle Nd from...
journal article 2018
document
Chen, Z. (author), Qu, Ying xia (author), Zeilstra, Christiaan (author), van der Stel, Jan (author), Sietsma, J. (author), Yang, Y. (author)
HIsarna is a promising ironmaking technology to reduce CO <sub>2</sub> emission. Information of phase transformation is essential for reaction analysis of the cyclone reactor of the HIsarna process. In addition, data of density and volume of the ore particles are necessary for estimation of the residence time of the particles in the cyclone...
journal article 2019
document
Schrama, F.N.H. (author), Beunder, Elisabeth M. (author), Ji, Fuzhong (author), Woolf, Rhian (author), Barnes, Chris (author), Sietsma, J. (author), Boom, R. (author), Yang, Y. (author)
At the hot metal desulphurisation (HMD) stations of Tata Steel’s BOS plant in Port Talbot (UK), KAlF4 is injected together with magnesium in order to increase the fluidity of the slag and thus to decrease the iron loss. Although KAlF4 is successfully contributing to a lower iron loss during HMD, it also has a negative effect on the...
conference paper 2018
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