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Janssen, G.C.A.M. (author), Tichelaar, F.D. (author), Visser, C.C.G. (author)
Stress in hard films is the net sum of tensile stress generated at the grain boundaries, compressive stress due to ion peening, and thermal stress due to the difference in thermal expansion of the coating and substrate. The tensile part due to grain boundaries is thickness dependent. The other two contributions are not thickness dependent....
journal article 2006