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Anderson, Ross (author), Barton, Chris (author), Böhme, Rainer (author), Clayton, Richard (author), Hernandez Ganan, C. (author), Grasso, Tom (author), Levi, Michael (author), Moore, Tyler (author), Vasek, Marie (author)
In 2012 we presented the first systematic study of the costs of cybercrime. In this paper, we report what has changed in the seven years since. The period has seen major platform evolution, with the mobile phone replacing the PC and laptop as the consumer terminal of choice, with Android replacing Windows, and with many services moving to the...
conference paper 2019
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Slingerland, G. (author), Mulder, I.J. (author), Jaskiewicz, T.J. (author)
The current work explores the participation divide that is oftentimes at play within local citizen communities. The studied case illustrates a common situation where the majority of local citizens does not participate in public space improvement and maintenance activities organised by local community activists. The presented research involved...
conference paper 2019
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Meesters, K.J.M.G. (author), Nespeca, V. (author), Comes, M. (author)
Information and supporting information systems is a key element in an effective emergency response. From creating situational awareness to informed decision making, information enables responders to optimize their decisions and operations. Today, with the increased availability of information technology around the globe, a new active player in...
conference paper 2019
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Abdelgawad, Ahmed (author), Comes, M. (author)
Evaluation and testing are major steps in the development of any information system, particularly if it is to be used in high-risk contexts such as conflicts. While thus far there are various approaches for testing against technology requirements; usability or usefulness, there is a lack of a comprehensive evaluation framework that combines the...
conference paper 2019
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Kiehl, Z.A. (author), Sathyanarayan, D. (author), Halverson, K.C. (author), Zabala, M.E. (author), Gallagher, S. (author)
Current cervical spine assessment methodologies focus solely on subjective measures, such as pain reports, and range-of-motion (ROM) testing that only measures maximum head excursion and reach (i.e., not dynamic motion). Due to report bias and the potential for negative outcomes of self-reported pain, current clinical assessment methods fail to...
conference paper 2019
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Letouze, T. (author), Creno, L. (author), Diaz, J. (author), Hourlier, S. (author), Andre, J-M. (author)
Continuous evolution of HMIs is necessary to keep operators in an optimal situation. In this context, we consider mental representations (MR) mobilized by operators as key elements for decisionmaking. Capturing and analysing these representations is not easy with existing tools. We propose a specific method (i.e. "MERIA" for Mental...
conference paper 2019
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Trippe, J.T. (author), Mauro, R. (author)
Analysis of airliner accidents and incidents identified a class of events in which structurally, mechanically, and electronically sound aircraft decelerated through the minimum safe operating speed to the stick-shaker activation speed. For a subset of these events the automation was no longer actively controlling to the airspeed target, a...
conference paper 2019
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McCauley, D. (author), Broach, D. (author)
In the 1989 FAA Flight Plan for Training, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) proposed testing the concept of off-loading some portion of air traffic control specialist (ATCS) training to colleges and universities. This was the genesis of the program that became known as the Air Traffic Collegiate Training Initiative (AT-CTI). The AT-CTI...
conference paper 2019
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Silva Castilho, D. (author)
The study of the vulnerabilities of a system is often organized in a hazard analysis. Methods based on systems thinking are relevant tools to analyze the operation of modern products. The purpose of this research is to develop, implement, and validate a systems-based model for aviation Safety Management Systems (SMS) incorporating the treatment...
conference paper 2019
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Knecht, W.R. (author)
We tested variants of a mobile meteorological tablet-computer application designed to help general aviation (GA) pilots land aircraft more safely under windy conditions. This “app” compared METAR runway wind information in several graphical and textual formats. Study 1 tested 25 GA pilots on 18 runway wind scenarios. Graphical METARs depicted...
conference paper 2019
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Wilky, T.M. (author), Austrian, E.M. (author), Hinson, R.J. (author), Sawyer, M.W. (author), Millam, M. (author)
For decades, aviation has been at the leading edge of safety and human factors data collection. These data have provided valuable insights into emerging trends and human-system performance needs. As industry continues to improve its data collection capabilities, stakeholders must develop a common understanding and use of safety performance...
conference paper 2019
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Huang, G. (author), Pitts, B.J. (author)
Weather information latency during flight in general aviation (GA) has resulted in numerous incidents. Hands-free automated speech recognition (ASR) systems have the potential to help overcome this challenge and facilitate rapid weatherrelated information exchange. However, it is unclear to what extent ASR systems can support pilot communication...
conference paper 2019
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Alexander, A.L. (author), Herschler, D. (author)
We worked with subject matter experts to create a human-system resilience checklist that can be utilized during Independent Operational Assessments (IOAs) of air traffic control systems as part of the system acquisition process. The checklist focuses on four key areas for evaluating human-system resilience characteristics: procedures, system use...
conference paper 2019
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Tripp, J. (author)
Aviation English, based on a coded jargon from World War II, is a mandatory form of communication for pilots and controllers in international airspace. The International Civil Aviation Organization also requires proficiency in Conversational English, for use in non-standard communication. However, our past research indicates that Aviation...
conference paper 2019
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Frost, E. (author), Calhoun, G. (author), Ruff, H. (author), Bartik, J. (author), Behymer, K. (author), Spriggs, S. (author), Buchanan, A. (author)
Advances in technology are leading to envisioned operational concepts that team a single operator with autonomy to manage multiple heterogeneous unmanned vehicles (UxVs). Several autonomy decision aids have been integrated into a prototype control station with innovative human-autonomy interfaces that allow multiple UxV management via high-level...
conference paper 2019
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Beckman, W. (author), Siao, D. (author), Smith, C. (author), Corns, K. (author)
The use of safety culture surveys to determine constituent perception of an organization’s efforts toward safety is widely accepted. However, the use of such surveys to compare disciplines within a collegiate aviation department has infrequently been employed. Students enrolled in flight, maintenance, and UAS programs participated in a safety...
conference paper 2019
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Fala, N. (author), Marais, K. (author)
General Aviation safety is a pressing concern. In this research, we consider the factor that appears most often in accidents: the pilot. Newly-licensed pilots can fly without their instructor, potentially as the only or most experienced pilot in the aircraft. Commercial debrief products use technology in the flight deck to collect data and...
conference paper 2019
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Demir, M. (author), Ligda, S. (author), Cooke, N. (author), Seeds, M. (author), Harris, M. (author), Niemczyk, M. (author)
New capabilities to modernize the U.S. National Airspace System (NAS) include support of real-time information streams derived from many data sources across the NAS. This provision allows for system risk prognostics originating from sets of diagnostic health information. The current exploratory paper presents how to model human performance with...
conference paper 2019
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Chow, M.C. (author), Gupta, S. (author), Torrez, C.D. (author), Veeravalli, S. (author), Mott, J.H. (author), Green, J.J. (author), Sambado, N.A. (author)
The School of Aviation and Transportation Technology at Purdue University utilizes a wide range of resources to train aspiring pilots, technicians, and managers. Aircraft operate in one of four practice areas located within a 30 nautical mile radius of the Purdue University Airport. Due to factors such as poor weather conditions, inexperience of...
conference paper 2019
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Chandra, D.C. (author)
Charts for instrument approach procedures have a vertical profile view that pilots can refer to during the final stages of the approach to the runway. However, there is no similar view of vertical flight path on charts for arrival and departure procedures. We studied whether a depiction of vertical flight path is feasible for arrivals and...
conference paper 2019
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