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Kumar, N. (author), Abdi, F.F. (author), Trzesniewski, B. (author), Smith, W.A. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author), Adam, A.J.L. (author)
We demonstrate emission of terahertz pulses from a BiVO4/Au thin film interface, illuminated with femtosecond laser pulses. Based on the experimental observations, we propose that the most likely cause of the THz emission is the Photo-Dember effect caused by the standing wave intensity distribution formed at the BiVO4/Au interfaces.
journal article 2015
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Ramanandan, G.K.P. (author), Adam, A.J.L. (author), Ramakrishnan, G. (author), Petrik, P. (author), Hendrikx, R. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author)
We show that the interface between gold and thermally formed cuprous oxide, which emits terahertz radiation when illuminated with ultrafast femtosecond lasers, is in fact an AuCu/Cu2O interface due to the formation of the thermal diffusion alloy AuCu. The alloy enables the formation of a Schottky-barrier-like electric field near the interface...
journal article 2014
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Planken, L.R. (author)
This dissertation describes research into new methods for automated temporal reasoning. For this purpose, several frameworks are available in literature. Chapter 1 presents a concise literature survey that provides a new overview of their interrelation. In the remainder of the dissertation, the focus is on quantitative frameworks, i.e. temporal...
doctoral thesis 2013
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Ramakrishnan, G. (author), Ramanandan, G.K.P. (author), Adam, A.J.L. (author), Xu, M. (author), Kumar, N. (author), Hendrikx, R.W.A. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author)
We report on the surprisingly strong, broadband emission of coherent terahertz pulses from ultrathin layers of semiconductors such as amorphous silicon, germanium and polycrystalline cuprous oxide deposited on gold, upon illumination with femtosecond laser pulses. The strength of the emission is surprising because the materials are considered to...
journal article 2013
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Knab, J.R. (author), Adam, A.J.L. (author), Shaner, E. (author), Starmans, H.J.A.J. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author)
We have measured terahertz near-field spectra of cesium iodide crystals as small as ?10 ?m in diameter, which were deposited on single, sub-wavelength-sized apertures created in thin gold films on a substrate. The advantage of using small apertures for terahertz microspectroscopy is that only terahertz light that has interacted with the cesium...
journal article 2013
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Ramakrishnan, G. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author)
patent 2012
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Kajikawa, K. (author), Nagai, Y. (author), Uchiho, Y. (author), Ramakrishnan, G. (author), Kumar, N. (author), Ramanandan, G.K.P. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author)
Electromagnetic wave emission based on optical rectification at terahertz (THz) wavelengths was observed from surface-immobilized gold nanospheres (SIGNs) above a gold surface. Although the excitation wavelength is off-resonant with the localized surface plasmons, the THz emission field was observed to be approximately 4.8 times greater than...
journal article 2012
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Ramanandan, G.K.P. (author), Ramakrishnan, G. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author)
Terahertz (THz) transmission spectroscopy is used to measure the oxidation kinetics of copper thin films evaporated on silicon substrates. The transmission of broadband THz pulses from 1 to 7 THz through the copper film is measured while it gets oxidized at an elevated temperature in ambient air. The change in the transmitted THz electric field...
journal article 2012
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Kumar, N. (author), Strikwerda, A.C. (author), Fan, K. (author), Zhang, X. (author), Averitt, R.D. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author), Adam, A.J.L. (author)
We report on direct measurements of the magnetic near-field of metamaterial split ring resonators at terahertz frequencies using a magnetic field sensitive material. Specifically, planar split ring resonators are fabricated on a single magneto-optically active terbium gallium garnet crystal. Normally incident terahertz radiation couples to the...
journal article 2012
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Ramakrishnan, G. (author), Kumar, N. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author), Tanaka, D. (author), Kajikawa, K. (author)
Emission of terahertz radiation is observed when surface plasmons are excited on a thin film of gold, in the Kretschmann geometry. When a hemicyanine-terminated alkanethiol self-assembled monolayer of thickness 1.2 nm is deposited on the gold film, stronger terahertz emission is observed. Our experimental results confirm that enhanced terahertz...
journal article 2012
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Ten Thije, O. (author), Planken, L.R. (author), De Weerdt, M.M. (author)
Efficient management of temporal constraints is important for temporal planning. During plan development, many solvers employ a heuristic-driven backtracking approach, over the course of which they maintain a so-called Simple Temporal Network (STN) of events and constraints. This paper presents the Vertex-IPPC algorithm, which efficiently...
conference paper 2011
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Planken, L.R. (author), De Weerdt, M.M. (author), Van der Krogt, R. (author)
conference paper 2011
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Ramakrishnan, G. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author)
Emission of pulses of electromagnetic radiation in the terahertz range is observed when ultrathin gold films on glass are illuminated with femtosecond near-IR laser pulses. A distinct maximum is observed in the emitted terahertz amplitude from films of average thickness just above the percolation threshold. Our measurements suggest that the...
journal article 2011
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Jalilzadeh, B. (author), Planken, L. (author), De Weerdt, M.M. (author)
We consider online mechanism design without money, where agents are allowed to trade items with other agents, in an attempt to improve their own allocation. In an off-line context, this problem is known as the House Allocation Problem (HAP). We extend HAP to an online problem and call it the Online House Allocation Problem (OHAP). In OHAP,...
book chapter 2010
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Knab, J.R. (author), Adam, A.J.L. (author), Chakkittakandy, R. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author)
Using near-field, terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS), we investigate how the addition of a dielectric material into a subwavelength-diameter, cylindrical waveguide affects its transmission properties. The THz electric near-field is imaged with deep subwavelength resolution as it emerges from filled and unfilled waveguides....
journal article 2010
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Planken, L.R. (author), De Weerdt, M.M. (author), Yorke-Smith, N. (author)
Efficient management and propagation of temporal constraints is important for temporal planning as well as for scheduling. During plan development, new events and temporal constraints are added and existing constraints may be tightened; the consistency of the whole temporal network is frequently checked; and results of constraint propagation...
conference paper 2010
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Planken, L.R. (author), De Weerdt, M.M. (author), Witteveen, C. (author)
When agents need to interact in order to solve some (possibly common) problem, resolving potential conflicts beforehand is often preferred to coordination during execution. Agents may lose some flexibility, but their course of action will be more predictable and often also more efficient, obtaining a socially optimal outcome instead of a local...
conference paper 2010
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Vuong, L.T. (author), Adam, A.J.L. (author), Brok, J.M. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author), Urbach, H.P. (author)
Circularly polarized electric fields incident on subwavelength apertures produce near-field phase singularities with phase vorticity ±1 depending on the polarization handedness. These near-field phase singularities combine with those associated with orbital angular momentum and result in polarization-dependent transmission. We produce arbitrary...
journal article 2010
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Guestin, L. (author), Adam, A.J.L. (author), Knab, J.R. (author), Nagel, M. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author)
We have studied theoretically and experimentally the influence of a dielectric substrate on the frequency-dependent terahertz electric near-field of a small hole in a metal layer. We find that the near-field transmission spectrum and the two-dimensional field distribution of an empty hole in a thin metal layer on a substrate are almost identical...
journal article 2009
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Ramakrishnan, G. (author), Chakkittakandy, R. (author), Planken, P.C.M. (author)
Generation of subpicosecond terahertz pulses is observed when graphite surfaces are illuminated with femtosecond near-infrared laser pulses. The nonlinear optical generation of THz pulses from graphite is unexpected since, in principle, the material possesses a centre of inversion symmetry. Experiments with highly oriented pyrolytic graphite...
journal article 2009
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