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Calabretta, G. (author), Gemser, G. (author), Wijnberg, N. (author), Hekkert, P.P.M. (author)
Innovation and design literature have given limited consideration to the strategic role of design consultancies in the innovation processes of their clients. A plausible explanation is the difficulty to assess the quality of design consultancies’ output, given the intangibility of the output itself and the difficulty of connecting a knowledge...
conference paper 2012
document
Cunningham, S. (author), Werker, C. (author)
Geographical concentration of economic activities has been widely discussed. However, the insights into other kinds of concentration such as technological and organizational concentration have been scarce. Here, we analyze organizational, technological and geographical concentration of nanotechnology activities in the Netherlands. We discuss our...
conference paper 2012
document
Cunningham, S.W. (author), Werker, C. (author)
Collaborations are particularly important for the development and deployment of technology. We analyze the influence of organizational, technological and geographical proximity on European nanotechnology collaborations with the help of a publication dataset and additional geographical information. While organizational proximity influences...
conference paper 2011