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Jing, Guoqing (author), Qie, Luchao (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jia, J. (author)
During the development for railway, ballasted track is dominant structure and makes up more than 95% of the whole track modes. However, its shortage is considerable in high speed railway and heavy haul system. Regarding to the ballasted railway track's defects as particle breakage, settlement, and geometry irregularity which lead to enormous...
review 2019
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Swuste, P.H.J.J. (author), van Nunen, Karolien (author), Reniers, G.L.L.M.E. (author), Khakzad Rostami, N. (author)
Major accidents in Western countries, receiving a lot of media attention in the 1970s, are starting point for research into internal and external domino effects in the chemical and petrochemical sectors and clusters. Initially, these reports are published by government institutions and government-related research centres. With the upcoming...
review 2019
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Tanzer, S.E. (author), Ramirez Ramirez, C.A. (author)
Negative emission technologies (NETs) have seen a recent surge of interest in both academic and popular media and have been hailed as both a saviour and false idol of global warming mitigation. Proponents hope NETs can prevent or reverse catastrophic climate change by permanently removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. But there is...
review 2019
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Papadimitriou, E. (author), Filtness, Ashleigh (author), Theofilatos, Athanasios (author), Ziakopoulos, Apostolos (author), Quigley, Claire (author), Yannis, George (author)
The objective of this paper is the review and comparative assessment of infrastructure related crash risk factors, with the explicit purpose of ranking them based on how detrimental they are towards road safety (i.e. crash risk, frequency and severity). This analysis was carried out within the SafetyCube project, which aimed to identify and...
review 2019
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Vester, Marloes E.M. (author), Bilo, Rob A. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author), van Rijn, Rick R. (author), van Zandwijk, Jan Peter (author)
Inflicted blunt force trauma and/or repetitive acceleration-deceleration trauma in infants can cause brain injury. Yet, the exact pathophysiologic mechanism with its associated thresholds remains unclear. In this systematic review an overview of animal models for shaking trauma and their findings on tissue damage will be provided. A...
review 2019
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Tscheikner-Gratl, F. (author), Bellos, Vasilis (author), Schellart, Alma (author), Moreno Rodenas, A. (author), Muthusamy, Manoranjan (author), Langeveld, J.G. (author), Clemens, F.H.L.R. (author), Shucksmith, James (author), Heuvelink, Gerard B.M. (author), More Authors (author)
This paper aims to stimulate discussion based on the experiences derived from the QUICS project (Quantifying Uncertainty in Integrated Catchment Studies). First it briefly discusses the current state of knowledge on uncertainties in sub-models of integrated catchment models and the existing frameworks for analysing uncertainty. Furthermore, it...
review 2019
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van Zandwijk, Jan Peter (author), Vester, Marloes E.M. (author), Bilo, Rob A. (author), van Rijn, Rick R. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author)
Various types of complex biomechanical models have been published in the literature to better understand processes related to inflicted head injury by shaking trauma (IHI-ST) in infants. In this systematic review, a comprehensive overview of these models is provided. A systematic review was performed in MEDLINE and Scopus for articles using...
review 2019
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Jylhä, Tuuli (author), Remoy, Hilde (author), Arkesteijn, M.H. (author)
Purpose: As corporations change their way of working, the importance of corporate real estate (CRE) management has increased. Hence, there is a need to structure the existing knowledge and to identify the latest developments in CRE research. This paper aims to identify the major developments and changed paradigms in CRE research in 2005-2015....
review 2019
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Tao, X. (author), Infante Ferreira, C.A. (author)
The corrugation channels of plate heat exchangers enhance the heat transfer and complicate the prediction of heat transfer coefficients and frictional pressure drop. This paper reviews the heat transfer and frictional pressure drop correlations for condensation in plate heat exchangers, and classifies the correlations into basic forms. An...
review 2019
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Kool, Fréderique Suzanne (author), Van Dorp, I. (author), Bolck, A (author), Leegwater, Anna Jeannette (author), Jongbloed, G. (author)
In the evaluation of measurements on characteristics of forensic trace evidence, Aitken and Lucy (2004) model the data as a two-level model using assumptions of normality where likelihood ratios are used as a measure for the strength of evidence. A two-level model assumes two sources of variation: the variation within measurements in a group ...
review 2019
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Saadabadi, S.A. (author), Thallam Thattai, A. (author), Fan, L. (author), Lindeboom, R.E.F. (author), Spanjers, H. (author), Purushothaman Vellayani, P.V. (author)
Anaerobic Digestion (AD) is used worldwide for treating organic waste and wastewater. Biogas produced can be converted using conventional energy conversion devices to provide energy efficient, integrated waste solutions. Typically, the electrical conversion-efficiency of these devices is 30–40% and is lowered due to biogas utilization instead...
review 2019
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Sarkiri, Maria (author), Fox, Stephan C. (author), Fratila-Apachitei, E.L. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
Clinical use of bioengineered skin in reconstructive surgery has been established for more than 30 years. The limitations and ethical considerations regarding the use of animal models have expanded the application of bioengineered skin in the areas of disease modeling and drug screening. These skin models should represent the anatomical and...
review 2019
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Schrijvers, Jim (author), van den Noort, Josien C. (author), van der Esch, Martin (author), Dekker, Joost (author), Harlaar, J. (author)
Background: Instability of the knee joint during gait is frequently reported by patients with knee osteoarthritis or an anterior cruciate ligament rupture. The assessment of instability in clinical practice and clinical research studies mainly relies on self-reporting. Alternatively, parameters measured with gait analysis have been explored...
review 2019
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Adusei-Gyamfi, Junias (author), Ouddane, Baghdad (author), Rietveld, L.C. (author), Cornard, Jean Paul (author), Criquet, Justine (author)
The quality and quantity of natural organic matter (NOM) has been observed to evolve which poses challenges to water treatment facilities. Even though NOM may not be toxic itself, its presence in water has aesthetic effects, enhances biological growth in distribution networks, binds with pollutants and controls the bioavailability of trace...
review 2019
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Maier, H. R. (author), Razavi, SF (author), Kapelan, Z. (author), Matott, L. S. (author), Kasprzyk, J (author), Tolson, B. A. (author)
Environmental models are used extensively to evaluate the effectiveness of a range of design, planning, operational, management and policy options. However, the number of options that can be evaluated manually is generally limited, making it difficult to identify the most suitable options to consider in decision-making processes. By linking...
review 2019
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Gotor-Fernández, Vicente (author), Paul, C.E. (author)
Deep eutectic solvents (DES) are a class of neoteric solvents used in multiple applications amongst which biocatalytic processes. Due to its simple preparation, low cost and inherent biodegradable properties, its use as a non-volatile biocompatible co-solvent with both whole cells and isolated enzymes has displayed increased enzyme activity...
review 2019
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Guarneri, A. (author), van Berkel, Willem (author), Paul, C.E. (author)
Coenzymes are ubiquitous in Nature, assisting in enzyme-catalysed reactions. Several coenzymes, nicotinamides and flavins, have been known for close to a century, whereas variations of those organic molecules have more recently come to light. In general, the requirement of these coenzymes imposes certain constraints for in vitro enzyme use in...
review 2019
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Nuijens, Louise (author), Siebesma, A.P. (author)
Purpose of Review: We review our understanding of mechanisms underlying the response of (sub)tropical clouds to global warming, highlight mechanisms that challenge our understanding, and discuss simulation strategies that tackle them. Recent Findings: Turbulence-resolving models and emergent constraints provide probable evidence, supported by...
review 2019
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Shakeel, A. (author), Farooq, Ujala (author), Iqbal, Tanveer (author), Yasin, Saima (author), Lupi, Francesca R. (author), Gabriele, Domenico (author)
Bigels are interesting semisolid formulations with better properties for different applications such as cosmetics and pharmaceutical systems. Due to the mixing of two phases of different nature (polar and apolar), bigels possess some interesting features like ability to deliver hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs, better spreadability and water...
review 2019
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Paul, Suvash Chandra (author), Mbewe, Peter B. K. (author), Kong, Sih Ying (author), Šavija, B. (author)
Concrete production utilizes cement as its major ingredient. Cement production is an important consumer of natural resources and energy. Furthermore, the cement industry is a significant CO2 producer. To reduce the environmental impact of concrete production, supplementary cementitious materials such as fly ash, blast furnace slag, and silica...
review 2019
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