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Knoop, V. (author), Van Zuylen, H. (author), Hoogendoorn, S. (author)
Robustness of a network is a main objective for road network managers these days, and has therefore become an important study area for transportation scientists. This article discusses one specific aspect in assessing road network robustness: the consequences of the closure of a link. These spillback effects have been examined in a dedicated...
journal article 2008
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Van Zuylen, H.J. (author)
The delay caused by an incident depends on many variables. This paper introduces an analytical expression for the delay, describing the location and length of the queue by shockwave theory. As long as the congestion remains on the same link, delay is proportional to the square of the duration, even in case the outflow is reduced by a junction...
conference paper 2009
document
Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Van Zuylen, H.J. (author)
The delay caused by an incident depends on many variables. This paper introduces an analytical expression for the delay, describing the location and length of the queue by shockwave theory. As long as the congestion remains on the same link, delay is proportional to the square of the duration, even in case the outflow is reduced by a junction...
conference paper 2009
document
Knoop, V.L. (author), Van Zuylen, H.J. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Much of the delays on road networks are caused by incidents. This is partially caused by blockage or closure of lanes, but also by the change of driving behaviour in the remaining lanes. This contribution analyses traffic flow conditions near an incident both microscopically and macroscopically. A theory is proposed to describe drivers’...
conference paper 2009
document
Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Landman, R.L. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Huibregtse, O.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, R.G. (author)
Hoe kwetsbaar onze verkeersinfrastructuur is, blijkt wel bij exceptionele omstandigheden. Eén incident (calamiteit of ongeval) en er ontstaat een verkeersinfarct. Kan dit worden voorkomen? Zo ja, hoe dan? Zijn er bruikbare modellen om effecten in te schatten? En hoe staat het met de human factor, welhaast in elke keten de meest kwetsbare schakel...
journal article 2009
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Knoop, V. (author), Hoogendoorn, S. (author), Adams, K. (author)
Incidents cause a large part of the delays in road networks. This is caused by a decrease of the capacity at the incident site. A detailed knowledge of the queue discharge rate can improve for instance the traffic prediction and thereby improve delay information or routing advice. Therefore, this study determines the queue discharge rate for...
journal article 2009
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Snelder, M. (author), Van Zuylen, H.J. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Literature proposes link-based indicators as predictors of the delay caused by a blockade on a particular link. This paper cross-compares these indicators and compares them with the result of a full simulation. The indicators predict different links to be vulnerable. Furthermore, the indicators do not provide a good indication of the delay of a...
conference paper 2010
document
Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Van Zuylen, H.J. (author)
The duration of incidents is a stochastic variable with a variation spread. This chapter analyzes the consequences of this stochastic nature of the duration in terms of delay. It uses shockwave theory to describe traffic states. As opposed to a point queue model, the head and the tail of the queue are separately modeled and in this way the...
conference paper 2010
document
Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Van Zuylen, H.J. (author)
The delay caused by an incident depends on many variables. This paper introduces an analytical expression for the delay, describing the location and length of the queue by shockwave theory. As long as the congestion remains on the same link, delay is proportional to the square of the duration, even in case the outflow is reduced by a junction...
conference paper 2010
document
Knoop, V.L. (author), Snelder, M. (author), Van Zuylen, H.J. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
It is computationally expensive to find out where vulnerable parts in a network are. In literature a variety of methods were introduced that use relatively simple selection criteria (measured in real-life or calculated in a traffic simulator) to pre-determine the seriousness of the delays caused by the blocking of that link and thereafter...
conference paper 2010
document
Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
conference paper 2010
document
Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Van Zuylen, H. (author)
This paper investigates to what extent travellers change their route when faced with unexpected traffic situation. To this end, traffic data from days with serious incidents are analysed in this contribution. The flows retrieved from loop detectors on the routes past the incident and on alternative routes are compared with the same values on...
journal article 2010
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Van Lint, J.W.C. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
With current techniques, traffic monitoring and control is a data intensive process. Network control on a higher level, using high level variables, can make this process less data demanding. The macroscopic fundamental diagram relates accumulation, i.e. the number of vehicles in an area, to the network performance, but only holds for situations...
conference paper 2011
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Van Lint, J.W.C. (author)
An excess number of vehicles in a traffic network will reduce traffic performance. This reduction can be avoided by traffic management. In particular, traffic can be routed such that the bottlenecks are not oversaturated. The macroscopic fundamental diagram provides the relation between the number of vehicles and the network performance. One can...
conference paper 2012
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Shiomi, Y. (author), Buisson, C. (author)
Lane changes are an important aspect of freeway flow. Most lane change models are microscopic, describing whether individual vehicles/drives will change lanes, and hence are calibrated microscopically. Macroscopic validation often is restricted to the distribution of vehicles across lanes. To the best of our knowledge, no systematic analysis has...
conference paper 2012
document
Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Shiomi, Y. (author), Buisson, C. (author)
Since lane changes influence traffic operations, it is useful to know their frequency for various conditions. This paper studies the number of lane changes as function of the roadway characteristics. Two sites are studied, for which individual lane change data is available. The paper shows that the most constant measure is the lane change rate,...
conference paper 2012
document
Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Shiomi, Y. (author), Buisson, C. (author)
Lane changes are an important aspect of freeway flow. Most lane change models are microscopic, describing whether individual vehicles/drives will change lanes, and hence are calibrated microscopically. Macroscopic validation often is restricted to the distribution of vehicles across lanes. To the best of our knowledge, no systematic analysis has...
conference paper 2012
document
Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Van Arem, B. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
conference paper 2012
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Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V. (author), Van Arem, B. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
conference paper 2012
document
Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author)
When do traffi c jams emerge? Can we predict, given certain demand levels, when queuing will occur, how long the queues will be, how they will propagate in space and time and how long it will take for the congestion to resolve? Why does an overloaded traffic network underperform? This chapter gives a basic introduction to traffic flow theory...
book chapter 2012
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