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Ronchi, Enrico (author), Corbetta, Alessandro (author), Galea, Edwin R. (author), Kinateder, Max (author), Kuligowski, Erica (author), McGrath, Denise (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Shiban, Youssef (author), Thompson, Peter (author), Toschi, Federico (author)
This paper presents the findings of the workshop “New approaches to evacuation modelling”, which took place on the 11th of June 2017 in Lund (Sweden)within the Symposium of the International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS). The workshop gathered international experts in the field of fire evacuation modelling from 19 different...
journal article 2019
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Intini, Paolo (author), Ronchi, Enrico (author), Gwynne, Steven (author), Pel, A.J. (author)
Several traffic modeling tools are currently available for evacuation planning and real-time decision support during emergencies. This paper reviews potential traffic-modeling approaches in the context of wildland-urban interface (WUI) fire-evacuation applications. Existing modeling approaches and features are evaluated pertaining to fire...
journal article 2019
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Pel, Maarten (author), Windhausen, Derk (author), Frissen, Jeroen (author)
conference paper 2018
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Pel, A.J. (author), Agatz, Niels (author), Macharis, Cathy (author), Veelenturf, Lucas P. (author)
contribution to periodical 2018
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Gu, Wei (author), Yu, Jie (author), Ji, Yuxiong (author), van der Gun, J.P.T. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Zhang, H. Michael (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Metro disruptions due to unexpected events reduce transit system reliability, resulting in significant productivity loss and long passenger delays. Bus bridging strategy is often used to connect stations affected by metro disruptions such that passengers could continue their journey. The literature usually designed bridging routes and then...
conference paper 2017
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van der Gun, J.P.T. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
The link transmission model is a macroscopic network traffic flow simulation tool based on Lighthill–Whitham–Richards theory. While its efficiency and accuracy are superior to the well-known cell transmission model, applications of its current numerical formulations are limited by the inability to apply changes to the fundamental diagrams of...
journal article 2017
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Pel, Maarten (author), Windhausen, Derk (author)
conference paper 2017
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van der Vliet, J.P. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Lint, J.W.C. (author)
Current procedure in travel demand estimation models is to separately deal with attraction, production and trip distribution, where the latter typically assumes inverse distance proportionality. We show that this procedure leads to errors in the demand estimation, particularly when dealing with very specific zones and heterogeneous travel...
conference paper 2017
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Pel, A.J. (author), Chaniotakis, Emmanouil (author)
In this paper we define and formulate the concept of parking search routes (PSR) where a driver visits a sequence of parking locations until the first vacant parking spot is found and in doing so may account for (expected) parking probabilities. From there we define and formulate the stochastic user equilibrium (SUE) traffic assignment in...
journal article 2017
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Urata, Junji (author), Pel, A.J. (author)
Evacuation planning and management involves estimating the travel demand in the event that such action is required. This is usually done as a function of people's decision to evacuate, which we show is strongly linked to their risk awareness. We use an empirical data set, which shows tsunami evacuation behavior, to demonstrate that risk...
journal article 2017
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Brederode, L.J.N. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Wismansa, Luc (author), de Romph, Erik (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
This paper describes the road traffic assignment model Static Traffic Assignment with Queuing (STAQ) that was developed for situations where both static (STA) and dynamic (DTA) traffic assignment models are insufficient: strategic applications on large-scale congested networks. The paper demonstrates how the model overcomes shortcomings in STA...
journal article 2017
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Flatt, Robert (author), Mohamed, Nevin Aly (author), Caruso, Francesco (author), Derluyn, Hannelore (author), Desarnaud, Julie (author), Lubelli, B. (author), Espinosa-Marzal, Rosa Maria (author), Pel, Leo (author), Rodriguez-Navarro, Carlos (author), Scherer, George (author), Shahidzadeh, Noushine (author), Steiger, Michael (author)
Salt crystallization represents one of the major causes for the degradation of building and ornamental stone. As such, it has attracted the attention of researchers, who over the years have progressively unraveled most mechanisms involved in salt damage. Despite this mechanistic understanding, many questions subsist about how to quantitatively...
journal article 2017
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van der Gun, J.P.T. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Kinematic wave theory consists of two main equations: the conservation of vehicles and the equilibrium flow-density relationship. Assuming that each traffic state along a road at each point in time is an equilibrium state, these combine into a single partial differential equation for the propagation of traffic along a network link. Newell (1993)...
conference paper 2016
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Huang, H. (author), Ye, G. (author), Pel, Leo (author)
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of water migration from cracks into the bulk paste on autogenous self-healing. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique was utilized to monitor water migration from cracks into the bulk paste during the process of autogenous self-healing. NMR results show that initially the water in the...
journal article 2016
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Brederode, L.J.N. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Wismansa, Luc (author), de Romph, E. (author)
For decades congestion levels around the world are rising. To properly incorporate the effects of congestion into strategic transport models, a shift from static capacity restrained towards capacity constrained and dynamic traffic assignment models has occurred. In this paper we focus on quasi dynamic assignment models (more specific: static...
abstract 2016
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Brederode, L.J.N. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Wismans, L.J.J. (author), de Romph, E. (author)
poster 2016
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Smits, E.-S. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Nes, R. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Bij mobiliteitsbeprijzing zijn meerdere actoren, zoals verschillende overheden en de spoorwegen, betrokken. In dit paper wordt een model gepresenteerd op basis van speltheorie dat de voorkeuren en interactie van deze actoren analyseert. Zo een model kan tijdens het planningsproces gebruikt worden om conflicterende belangen te identificeren en er...
journal article 2016
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van der Gun, J.P.T. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
While agent-based modelling of traffic demand is gaining attention, a macroscopic dynamic network loading model may be beneficial, particularly in large-scale applications. We investigate the implications of coupling such models, with inclusion of en-route choices, for the modelling of links and the determination of turning fractions, yielding...
conference paper 2016
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van der Gun, J.P.T. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
conference paper 2015
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van der Gun, J.P.T. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Many possible emergency conditions, including evacuations, negatively affect the urban transportation system by substantially increasing the travel demand and/or reducing the supplied capacity. A transportation model can be used to quantify and understand the impact of the underlying disasters and corresponding management strategies. To this end...
journal article 2015
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