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Ronchi, Enrico (author), Corbetta, Alessandro (author), Galea, Edwin R. (author), Kinateder, Max (author), Kuligowski, Erica (author), McGrath, Denise (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Shiban, Youssef (author), Thompson, Peter (author), Toschi, Federico (author)
This paper presents the findings of the workshop “New approaches to evacuation modelling”, which took place on the 11th of June 2017 in Lund (Sweden)within the Symposium of the International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS). The workshop gathered international experts in the field of fire evacuation modelling from 19 different...
journal article 2019
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Intini, Paolo (author), Ronchi, Enrico (author), Gwynne, Steven (author), Pel, A.J. (author)
Several traffic modeling tools are currently available for evacuation planning and real-time decision support during emergencies. This paper reviews potential traffic-modeling approaches in the context of wildland-urban interface (WUI) fire-evacuation applications. Existing modeling approaches and features are evaluated pertaining to fire...
journal article 2019
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van der Gun, J.P.T. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
The link transmission model is a macroscopic network traffic flow simulation tool based on Lighthill–Whitham–Richards theory. While its efficiency and accuracy are superior to the well-known cell transmission model, applications of its current numerical formulations are limited by the inability to apply changes to the fundamental diagrams of...
journal article 2017
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Pel, A.J. (author), Chaniotakis, Emmanouil (author)
In this paper we define and formulate the concept of parking search routes (PSR) where a driver visits a sequence of parking locations until the first vacant parking spot is found and in doing so may account for (expected) parking probabilities. From there we define and formulate the stochastic user equilibrium (SUE) traffic assignment in...
journal article 2017
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Urata, Junji (author), Pel, A.J. (author)
Evacuation planning and management involves estimating the travel demand in the event that such action is required. This is usually done as a function of people's decision to evacuate, which we show is strongly linked to their risk awareness. We use an empirical data set, which shows tsunami evacuation behavior, to demonstrate that risk...
journal article 2017
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Flatt, Robert (author), Mohamed, Nevin Aly (author), Caruso, Francesco (author), Derluyn, Hannelore (author), Desarnaud, Julie (author), Lubelli, B. (author), Espinosa-Marzal, Rosa Maria (author), Pel, Leo (author), Rodriguez-Navarro, Carlos (author), Scherer, George (author), Shahidzadeh, Noushine (author), Steiger, Michael (author)
Salt crystallization represents one of the major causes for the degradation of building and ornamental stone. As such, it has attracted the attention of researchers, who over the years have progressively unraveled most mechanisms involved in salt damage. Despite this mechanistic understanding, many questions subsist about how to quantitatively...
journal article 2017
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Brederode, L.J.N. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Wismansa, Luc (author), de Romph, Erik (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
This paper describes the road traffic assignment model Static Traffic Assignment with Queuing (STAQ) that was developed for situations where both static (STA) and dynamic (DTA) traffic assignment models are insufficient: strategic applications on large-scale congested networks. The paper demonstrates how the model overcomes shortcomings in STA...
journal article 2017
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Huang, H. (author), Ye, G. (author), Pel, Leo (author)
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of water migration from cracks into the bulk paste on autogenous self-healing. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique was utilized to monitor water migration from cracks into the bulk paste during the process of autogenous self-healing. NMR results show that initially the water in the...
journal article 2016
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Smits, E.-S. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Nes, R. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Bij mobiliteitsbeprijzing zijn meerdere actoren, zoals verschillende overheden en de spoorwegen, betrokken. In dit paper wordt een model gepresenteerd op basis van speltheorie dat de voorkeuren en interactie van deze actoren analyseert. Zo een model kan tijdens het planningsproces gebruikt worden om conflicterende belangen te identificeren en er...
journal article 2016
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van der Gun, J.P.T. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Many possible emergency conditions, including evacuations, negatively affect the urban transportation system by substantially increasing the travel demand and/or reducing the supplied capacity. A transportation model can be used to quantify and understand the impact of the underlying disasters and corresponding management strategies. To this end...
journal article 2015
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van der Gun, J.P.T. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
The original Link Transmission Model as formulated by Yperman et al. (2006) simulates traffic according to Lighthill-Whitham-Richards theory with a very small numerical error, yet only supports triangular fundamental diagrams. This paper relaxes that restriction in two steps. Firstly, we extend the model to handle any continuous concave...
journal article 2015
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Ambarwati, L. (author), Verhaeghe, R. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Van Arem, B. (author)
Urban sprawl phenomenon has been a huge issue since 20th century characterized by a rapid and unbalanced settlement development with transportation network particularly in a suburban area. The improvement of public transport system is a major requirement to minimize urban sprawl. Academic researchers have explained the linkage strategy between...
journal article 2014
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Pel, A.J. (author), Waller, T. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Dat je met verkeersinformatie de routekeuze van weggebruikers kunt beïnvloeden, behoeft geen betoog. Maar kun je het effect van informatieverschaffing ook in een model vervatten? Jazeker, laten de auteurs van deze tutorial zien. Bij modeltoepassingen gericht op onder meer netwerkbetrouwbaarheid en -robuustheid is die effectbepaling zelfs...
journal article 2013
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Van den Berg, B.A. (author), Reinders, M.J.T. (author), Hulsman, M. (author), Wu, L. (author), Pel, H.J. (author), Roubos, J.A. (author), De Ridder, D. (author)
Protein sequence features are explored in relation to the production of over-expressed extracellular proteins by fungi. Knowledge on features influencing protein production and secretion could be employed to improve enzyme production levels in industrial bioprocesses via protein engineering. A large set, over 600 homologous and nearly 2,000...
journal article 2012
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Tu, H. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Li, H. (author), Sun, L. (author)
Earlier studies have shown that driving behavior differs strongly in emergency conditions compared with behavior in normal traffic conditions. In this paper, these findings are followed up with an investigation of how these differences in driving behavior affect travel time reliability. In particular, the focus is on the effect of relatively...
journal article 2012
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Pel, A.J. (author), Bliemer, M.C.J. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Dynamic traffic simulation models are frequently used to support decisions when planning an evacuation. This paper focuses on limitations in the modelling of travellers’ behaviour with respect to traffic information and compliance to evacuation instructions. More specifically, we propose a model framework where the traffic simulation is executed...
journal article 2011
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Pel, A.J. (author), Bliemer, M.C.J. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Dynamic traffic simulation models are frequently used to support decisions when planning an evacuation. This contribution reviews the different (mathematical) model formulations underlying these traffic simulation models used in evacuation studies and the behavioural assumptions that are made. The appropriateness of these behavioural assumptions...
journal article 2011
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Pel, A.J. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Bliemer, M.C.J. (author)
Traffic simulation models are often used to support decisions when planning an evacuation. Scenario analyses based on these models then typically focus on traffic dynamics and the effect of traffic control measures in order to locate possible bottlenecks and predict evacuation times. A clear approach to incorporate traveler information and...
journal article 2010
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Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Landman, R.L. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Huibregtse, O.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, R.G. (author)
Hoe kwetsbaar onze verkeersinfrastructuur is, blijkt wel bij exceptionele omstandigheden. Eén incident (calamiteit of ongeval) en er ontstaat een verkeersinfarct. Kan dit worden voorkomen? Zo ja, hoe dan? Zijn er bruikbare modellen om effecten in te schatten? En hoe staat het met de human factor, welhaast in elke keten de meest kwetsbare schakel...
journal article 2009
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Petkovic, J. (author), Huinink, H.P. (author), Pel, L. (author), Kopinga, K. (author), Van Hees, R.P.J. (author)
journal article 2007
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