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document
Slob, E.C. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
We present a three-dimensional scheme that can be used to compute the electromagnetic impulse response between any two subsurface points from surface reflection data measured at a single surface of a lossless medium. The scheme first computes a virtual vertical radar profile using the Marchenko scheme from which focusing wavefields are...
conference paper 2017
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Nishitsuji, Y. (author), Minato, S. (author), Boullenger, B. (author), Gomez, M (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author)
We have developed an application of passive seismic interferometry (SI) using P-wave coda of local earthquakes for the purpose of crustal-scale reflection imaging. We processed the reflection gathers retrieved from SI following a standard seismic processing in exploration seismology. We applied SI to the P-wave coda using crosscorrelation,...
journal article 2016
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Nishitsuji, Y. (author), Ruigrok, E (author), Gomez, M (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author)
Obtaining detailed images of aseismic parts of subducting slabs remains a large challenge for understanding slab dynamics. Hypocenter mapping cannot be used for the purpose due to the absence of seismicity, whereas the use of receiver functions might be compromised by the presence of melt. Global tomography can be used to identify the presence...
journal article 2016
document
Hartstra, I.E. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
We discuss a method to interferometrically retrieve the body wave reflection response from local high-frequency scattering coda wave fields with the purpose to obtain an input dataset suitable for the application of advanced exploration-type imaging methods
conference paper 2015
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Slob, E.C. (author), Hunziker, J.W. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
conference paper 2014
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Slob, E.C. (author)
Recent work on the Marchenko equation has shown that the scalar 3-D Green’s function for a virtual source in the subsurface can be retrieved from the single-sided reflection response at the surface and an estimate of the direct arrival. Here, we discuss the first steps towards extending this result to multicomponent data. After introducing a...
journal article 2014
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Broggini, F. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Van der Neut, J.R. (author), Snieder, R. (author)
An iterative method is presented that allows one to retrieve the Green's function originating from a virtual source located inside a medium using reflection data measured only at the acquisition surface. In addition to the reflection response, an estimate of the travel times corresponding to the direct arrivals is required. However, no detailed...
journal article 2014
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Van Dalen, K.N. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Halliday, D.F. (author)
Virtual-source surface wave responses can be retrieved using the crosscorrelation (CC) of wavefields observed at two receivers. Higher mode surface waves cannot be properly retrieved when there is a lack of subsurface sources that excite these wavefields, as is often the case. In this paper, we present a multidimensional-deconvolution (MDD)...
journal article 2013
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Ruigrok, E.N. (author), Campman, X. (author), Wapenaar, K. (author)
The last few years there has been a growing number of body-wave observations in noise records. In 1973 Vinnik conjectured that P-waves would even be the dominant wavemode, at epicentral distances of about 40 degrees and onwards from an oceanic source. At arrays far from offshore storms, surface waves induced by nearby storms would not mask the...
journal article 2011
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Minato, S. (author), Matsuoka, T. (author), Tsuji, T. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), Hunziker, J.W. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Crosswell reflection method is a high-resolution seismic imaging method that uses recordings between boreholes. The need for downhole sources is a restrictive factor in its application, for example, to time-lapse surveys. An alternative is to use surface sources in combination with seismic interferometry. Seismic interferometry (SI) could...
journal article 2011
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Ruigrok, E.N. (author), Campman, X. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), Wapenaar, K. (author)
In recent years, there has been an increase in the deployment of relatively dense arrays of seismic stations. The availability of spatially densely sampled global and regional seismic data has stimulated the adoption of industry-style imaging algorithms applied to converted- and scattered-wave energy from distant earthquakes, leading to...
journal article 2010
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), Snieder, R. (author), Campman, X. (author), Verdel, A. (author)
Seismic interferometry involves the crosscorrelation of responses at different receivers to obtain the Green's function between these receivers. For the simple situation of an impulsive plane wave propagating along the x-axis, the crosscorrelation of the responses at two receivers along the x-axis gives the Green's function of the direct wave...
journal article 2010
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Snieder, R. (author), Curtis, A. (author)
In the 1990s, the method of time-reversed acoustics was developed. This method exploits the fact that the acoustic wave equation for a lossless medium is invariant for time reversal. When ultrasonic responses recorded by piezoelectric transducers are reversed in time and fed simultaneously as source signals to the transducers, they focus at the...
journal article 2010
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Snieder, R. (author)
We have analyzed the far-field approximation of the Green's function representation for seismic interferometry. By writing each of the Green's functions involved in the correlation process as a superposition of a direct wave and a scattered wave, the Green's function representation is rewritten as a superposition of four terms. When the...
journal article 2010
document
Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Acoustic, electromagnetic, elastodynamic, poroelastic, and electroseismic waves are all governed by a unified matrix-vector wave equation. The matrices in this equation obey the same symmetry properties for each of these wave phenomena. This implies that the wave vectors for each of these phenomena obey the same reciprocity theorems. By...
journal article 2007
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Draganov, D.S. (author), Wapenaar, K. (author), Mulder, W. (author), Singer, J. (author), Verdel, A. (author)
The retrieval of the earth's reflection response from cross?correlations of seismic noise recordings can provide valuable information, which may otherwise not be available due to limited spatial distribution of seismic sources. We cross?correlated ten hours of seismic background?noise data acquired in a desert area. The cross?correlation results...
journal article 2007
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Curtis, A. (author), Gerstoft, P. (author), Sato, H. (author), Snieder, R. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author)
Turning noise into useful data—every geophysicist's dream? And now it seems possible. The field of seismic interferometry has at its foundation a shift in the way we think about the parts of the signal that are currently filtered out of most analyses—complicated seismic codas (the multiply scattered parts of seismic waveforms) and background...
journal article 2006
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Snieder, R. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Larner, K. (author)
Seismic interferometry is a technique for estimating the Green's function that accounts for wave propagation between receivers by correlating the waves recorded at these receivers. We present a derivation of this principle based on the method of stationary phase. Although this derivation is intended to be educational, applicable to simple media...
journal article 2006
document
Draganov, D.S. (author), Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author)
In 1968, Jon Claerbout showed that the reflection response of a 1D acoustic medium can be reconstructed by autocorrelating the transmission response. Since then, several authors have derived relationships for reconstructing Green's functions at the surface, using crosscorrelations of (noise) recordings that were taken at the surface and that...
journal article 2006
document
Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Fokkema, J.T. (author)
The term seismic interferometry refers to the principle of generating new seismic responses by crosscorrelating seismic observations at different receiver locations. The first version of this principle was derived by Claerbout (1968), who showed that the reflection response of a horizontally layered medium can be synthesized from the...
journal article 2006
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