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Urlings, T.H. (author)
Productiviteitstrends bij de politie is een studie naar de ontwikkeling in de politiesector gedurende een periode van ruim 55 jaar. Op grond van deze studie concluderen we dat er enorm in de politie is geïnvesteerd: de uitgaven zijn sterk toegenomen. Doordat het aantal delicten nog sterker is toegenomen, onder andere door de bevolkingsgroei, is...
working paper 2013
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Tammaru, T. (author), Marcinzak, S (author), Aunap, R. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
The aim of this paper is to get new insight into the complex relationship between social inequalities and socioeconomic segregation by undertaking a comparative study North and South European cities. Our main finding shows that during the last global economic cycle from the 1980s through the 2000s, both levels of social inequalities and socio...
working paper 2017
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Neighbourhood socioeconomic change is a complex phenomenon which is driven by multiple macro- and micro-level processes. Most theoretical and empirical work has focused on the role of urban-level processes, such as filtering, life-cycle, and social dynamics. For individual neighbourhoods, these processes generate flows of different socioeconomic...
working paper 2017
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van Ham, M. (author), Kleinepier, T. (author)
Despite increasing attention being paid to the temporal dynamics of childhood disadvantage, children’s neighborhood characteristics are often measured at a single point in time. Whether such cross-sectional measures serve as reliable proxies for children’s long-run neighborhood conditions depends on the stability in children’s neighborhood...
working paper 2017
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van der Kooij, B.J.G. (author)
Defining Innovation is essential for Innovation Research. However, the available definitions of the notion of innovation found in the increasing scholarly publications, show a large heterogeneity creating confusion and incompatibility. In this paper we analyze the innovation-definitions that emerged after WW-II according their different thinking...
working paper 2017
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van Ham, M. (author), Tammaru, T. (author)
The term segregation has a strong connotation with residential neighbourhoods, and most studies investigating ethnic segregation focus on the urban mosaic of ethnic concentrations in residential neighbourhoods. However, there is now a small, but growing, literature, which focusses on segregation in other domains of daily life where inter-ethnic...
working paper 2016
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van der Kooij, B.J.G. (author)
The concept of the General Purpose Technology (GPT) of the late 1990s is a culmination of many evolutionairy views in innovation-thinking. By definition the GPT considers the technical, social, and economic effects of meta-technologies like steam-technology and electric technology. This paper uses Schumpeter’s concept of ’cluster on innovations’...
working paper 2017
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de Vuijst, E. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
In the Netherlands, obtaining a higher education increases the chance to move to a better neighbourhood for native Dutch adults who grew up in a deprived parental neighbourhood.<br/>For non-Western minorities, education does not have this positive effect on socio-spatial mobility. In this study we investigate potential explanations for these...
working paper 2017
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van Ham, M. (author), Boschman, S.E. (author), Vogel, M.S. (author)
Studies of neighbourhood effects often attempt to identify causal effects of neighbourhood characteristics on individual outcomes, such as income, education, employment, and health. However, selection looms large in this line of research and it has been repeatedly argued that estimates of neighbourhood effects are biased as people non-randomly...
working paper 2017
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Kleinepier, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Research on neighborhood effects has increasingly focused on how long children have lived in a deprived neighborhood during childhood (duration), but has typically ignored when in childhood the exposure occurred (timing) and whether circumstances were improving or deteriorating (sequencing). Using Dutch register data, we applied sequence...
working paper 2018
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Urlings, T.H. (author), Blank, J.L.T. (author)
Samen sterk voor sociale veiligheid is een studie naar de verschillende actoren die een rol spelen bij het tot stand komen van sociale veiligheid. Sociale veiligheid wordt in dit onderzoek gemeten aan de hand van criminaliteit, overlast en fysieke verloedering, en onveiligheidsgevoelens. Vier actoren die sterk vertegenwoordigd zijn bij het tot...
working paper 2013
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Blank, J.L.T. (author), Koolman, A.H.E. (author), Koot, P.M. (author)
In sommige delen van de overheid speelt de vraag of de verdeling van middelen binnen de overheid wel optimaal is. Investeringen in het onderwijs bijvoorbeeld leveren zowel individueel als maatschappelijk rendement op. Als een land investeert in onderwijs kan dat besparingen opleveren in de bestrijding van criminaliteit, in de uitgaven aan...
working paper 2009
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Nieuwenhuis, J.G. (author), Tammaru, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Hedman, L.K. (author), Manley, D.J. (author)
The neighbourhoods in which people live reflects their social class and preferences, so studying socio-spatial mobility between neighbourhoods gives insight in the openness of spatial class structures of societies and in the ability of people to leave disadvantaged neighbourhoods. We study the extent to which people move between different types...
working paper 2017
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de Vuijst, E. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
There is a link between the socio-economic outcomes of parents and their children over the life course. Intergenerational transmissions were repeatedly shown for socioeconomic characteristics and (dis)advantage, but recently also for residential neighbourhood status. Previous research from the Netherlands, Sweden, and the US shows that children...
working paper 2017
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Storm, S.T.H. (author)
The U.S. economy is widely diagnosed with two ‘diseases’: a secular stagnation of potential U.S. growth, and rising income and job polarization. The two diseases have a common root in the demand shortfall, originating from the ‘unbalanced’ growth between technologically ‘dynamic’ and ‘stagnant’ sectors. To understand how the short-run demand...
working paper 2017
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Blank, J.L.T. (author), van Hulst, B.L. (author), Dumaij, A.C.M. (author)
The productivity development in hospitals shows that it is very much possible to realise productivity growth in the public sector. The so-called Baumol’s disease has lost its grip on the hospital sector in the last decennium. The production of hospitals is characterized by complex logistical processes and the use of high-quality technology. This...
working paper 2011
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Blank, J.L.T. (author), Eggink, E. (author)
Productiviteitstrends in de ziekenhuiszorg is een studie naar de ontwikkeling in de ziekenhuissector in de laatste 40 jaar. In deze periode heeft een aantal majeure hervormingen plaatsgehad met iedere keer de gedachte de ziekenhuiszorg doelmatiger en effectiever te maken. De vraag rijst of deze doelen ook gerealiseerd zijn. De studie schetst een...
working paper 2011
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de Vuijst, E. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author)
Many theories on so-called neighbourhood effects – effects of the residential context on individual outcomes such as employment, education, and health – implicitly, or explicitly suggest lagged effects, duration effects, or for example, intergenerational effects of neighbourhoods. However, these temporal dimensions of neighbourhood effects...
working paper 2016
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Dumaij, A.C.M. (author), Niaounakis, T. (author)
Productiviteitstrends in de gehandicaptenzorg is een studie naar de institutionele en cijfermatige ontwikkelingen in de gehandicaptenzorg tussen 1975 en 2010. In de periode 1975-1996 zijn er weinig grote beleidshervormingen en is er een jaarlijkse productiviteitsdaling van gemiddeld 0,3 procent per jaar. Tussen 1997 en 2003 is er een...
working paper 2013
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Dumaij, A.C.M. (author), Niaounakis, T. (author), Urlings, T.H. (author)
Productiviteitstrends bij de rechterlijke macht is een studie naar de ontwikkelingen in de rechtspraak en het Openbaar Ministerie gedurende de periode 1965-2011. Van 1965 tot 1983 stijgt het aantal afgedane zaken harder dan de ingezette middelen. Er is dan ook sprake van een productiviteitsstijging van 2,2 procent per jaar. Van 1983 tot 2002...
working paper 2014
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