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Mubarak, F.A. (author), Romano, R. (author), Galatro, L. (author), Mascolo, V. (author), Rietveld, Gert (author), Spirito, M. (author)
This paper analyzes and accurately models the complex noise behavior of vector network analyzers (VNAs) when measuring large-mismatch devices and subsequently shows how the VNA measurement noise performance is enhanced through implementation of a high-speed, broadband, active RF interferometer module. The presented VNA noise model provides a...
journal article 2019
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Techen, Holger (author), Krimm, J. (author), Knaack, U. (author)
The increasing migration into cities leads to an increasing number of people stressed by noise. More and more people are moving into urban settings comprised of multiple noise sources and hard reflective glass and steel facades. The omnidirectional arrangement of noise sources like airborne noise or car traffic noise and their reflection on the...
book chapter 2018
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Araghi, Y. (author), van Wee, G.P. (author), Kroesen, M. (author)
Historic vehicles (HVs) are the heritage of road transport that have surprisingly received little attention in the academic literature. This study presents an overview of the literature on HVs, focusing on the three topics that dominate the policy debate on transport: environmental, safety and congestion impacts. We observed that polluting...
journal article 2017
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Madadi, I. (author), Tohidian, M. (author), Staszewski, R.B. (author)
A complex quadrature charge-sharing (CS) technique is proposed to implement a discrete-time band-pass filter (BPF) with a programmable bandwidth of 20–100 MHz. The BPF is part of a cellular superheterodyne receiver and completely determines the receiver frequency selectivity. It operates at the full sampling rate of up to 5.2 GHz corresponding...
journal article 2015
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Panea, I. (author), Draganov, D.S. (author), AlmagroVidal, C. (author), Mocanu, V. (author)
We applied seismic interferometry (SI) by crosscorrelation to ambient-noise panels recorded in the Mizil area, Romania, aiming to retrieve body-wave reflections. To achieve this goal, surface waves in the noise panels input to SI should be suppressed. We did this by selecting for input to SI-only noise panels that are not dominated by surface...
journal article 2014
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Vitale, F. (author)
The design and the optimization of electronic systems often requires a detailed knowledge of the inherent noise generated within semiconductor active devices, constituting the core of such systems. Examples of applications in which noise is a key issue include receiver front-ends in radiofrequency (RF) and optoelectronic transmission systems,...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Kutscha, H. (author)
Many seismic data processing and imaging processes require densely and regularly sampled data, whereas the actual measurements are mostly irregularly and sparsely sampled. Therefore, seismic data reconstruction methods are utilised as a pre-processing step. Within the class of transformation-based reconstruction techniques, observed seismic data...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Moh, T.S.Y. (author)
In biosensing, nano-devices such as Silicon Nanowire Field Effect Transistors (SiNW FETs) are promising components/sensors for ultra-high sensitive detection, especially when samples are low in concentration or a limited volume is available. Current processing of SiNW FETs often relies on expensive and time-consuming nanolithography such as E...
doctoral thesis 2013
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Ishiyama, T. (author)
In a shallow water environment, mud-rolls are often dominant and appear as a prevailing coherent noise in OBC seismic data. Their complex properties make the noise elimination notably challenging in seismic processing. To address these challenges, we propose a dispersive multimodal mud-roll elimination method using a feedback-loop approach with...
journal article 2013
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Blacquière, G. (author)
We show that deblended shot records have a better background-related S/N than shot records in unblended surveys. This improvement increases with increasing blending fold and decreasing survey time. An interesting consequence of this property is that blended surveys can be carried out under more severe noise conditions than unblended surveys. It...
journal article 2013
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Blacquière, G. (author)
If simultaneous shooting is carried out by incoherent source arrays, being the condition of blended acquisition, the deblending process generates shot records with a very low residual interference (blending noise). We found, theoretically and numerically, that deblended shot records had a better background-related signal-to-noise ratio than shot...
journal article 2013
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Van Oven, J.C. (author), Berwald, F. (author), Berggren, K.K. (author), Kruit, P. (author), Hagen, C.W. (author)
This paper demonstrates electron-beam-induced deposition of few-nm-width dense features on bulk samples by using a scanning electron-beam lithography system. To optimize the resultant features, three steps were taken: (1) features were exposed in a repetitive sequence, so as to build up the deposited features gradually across the entire pattern,...
journal article 2011
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Yates, S.J.C. (author), Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Endo, A. (author), Janssen, R.M.J. (author), Ferrari, L. (author), Diener, P. (author), Baryshev, A.M. (author)
Microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs) have shown great potential for sub-mm instrumentation because of the high scalability of the technology. Here, we demonstrate for the first time in the sub-mm band (0.1–2 mm) a photon noise limited performance of a small antenna coupled MKID detector array and we describe the relation between photon...
journal article 2011
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Ploemen, J.C.F. (author), Nijs, L. (author), Pleysier, J.A. (author), Schipper, H.R. (author)
Wind flow around buildings and structures has led to annoying noise levels at several occasions, especially in cases where tonal sound was produced. The human hearing is equipped to distinguish tonal or pulsating sound from random noise patterns, causing tonal or pulsating sound to be perceived as more annoying. Tonality is often caused by the...
conference paper 2011
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Maessen, D.C. (author), Gill, E.K.A. (author)
This paper presents an investigation into the relative state estimation and observability for two formation flying satellites using two different relative navigation sensor sets. The first set consists out of a transmitter antenna on one satellite and a single receiver antenna on the other satellite to measure the inter-satellite range using a...
conference paper 2010
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Zhang, W. (author), Khosropanah, P. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Bansal, T. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Miao, W. (author), Shi, S.C. (author)
We report the measured sensitivities of a superconducting NbN hot electron bolometer (HEB) heterodyne receiver at 5.25 THz. Terahertz (THz) radiation is quasioptically coupled to a HEB mixer with a lens and a spiral antenna. Using a measurement setup with black body calibration sources and a beam splitter in vacuo, and an antireflection coated...
journal article 2010
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Barends, R. (author), Vercruyssen, N. (author), Endo, A. (author), De Visser, P.J. (author), Zijlstra, T. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Baselmans, J.J.A. (author)
We report a reduction in the frequency noise in coplanar waveguide superconducting resonators. The reduction of 7 dB is achieved by removing the exposed dielectric substrate surface from the region with high electric fields and by using NbTiN. In a model-analysis the surface of NbTiN is found to be a negligible source of noise, experimentally...
journal article 2010
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Barends, R. (author), Hortensius, H.L. (author), Zijlstra, T. (author), Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Yates, S.J.C. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author)
We present measurements of the frequency noise and resonance frequency temperature dependence in planar superconducting resonators on both silicon and sapphire substrates. We show, by covering the resonators with sputtered SiOx layers of different thicknesses, that the temperature dependence of the resonance frequency scales linearly with...
journal article 2009
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Barends, R. (author)
One of the greatest challenges in astronomy is observing star and planetary formation, redshifted distant galaxies and molecular spectral ‘fingerprints’ in the far-infrared spectrum of light, using highly sensitive and large cameras. In this thesis we investigate superconducting resonators for photon detection. In superconductors the electrons...
doctoral thesis 2009
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Vanevi?, M. (author), Nazarov, Y.V. (author), Belzig, W. (author)
We determine charge-transfer statistics in a quantum conductor driven by a time-dependent voltage and identify the elementary transport processes. At zero temperature unidirectional and bidirectional single-charge transfers occur. The unidirectional processes involve electrons injected from the source terminal due to excess dc bias voltage. The...
journal article 2008
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