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Santbergen, R. (author), Uzu, Hisashi (author), Yamamoto, Kenji (author), Zeman, M. (author)
We use simulations to optimize perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells in a novel three-terminal configuration, with one terminal at the front and two at the rear. We consider configurations in which the top cell has either the inverted or the same polarity as the bottom cell. Our goal is to minimize the optical losses, to compare the...
journal article 2019
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Yang, M. (author), Lopez Dekker, Paco (author), Dheenathayalan, P. (author), Biljecki, Filip (author), Liao, Mingsheng (author), Hanssen, R.F. (author)
Persistent scatterers (PSs) are coherent measurement points obtained from time series of satellite radar images, which are used to detect and estimate millimeter-scale displacements of the terrain or man-made structures. However, associating these measurement points with specific physical objects is not straightforward, which hampers the...
journal article 2019
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López Torres, C.D. (author), Cvetkovic, M. (author), Palensky, P. (author)
Co-simulation has become increasingly popular as a tool for dealing with the unprecedented complexity of modern engineering systems, such as electrical power systems and the AC circuits that compose them. Co-simulation is useful when migrating the models of each subsystem to a single monolithic simulator is either impractical or impossible,...
journal article 2019
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Grottoli, M. (author), Cleij, D. (author), Pretto, Paolo (author), Lemmens, Yves (author), Happee, R. (author), Bülthoff, Heinrich H. (author)
Optimization-based motion cueing algorithms based on model predictive control have been recently implemented to reproduce the motion of a car within the limited workspace of a driving simulator. These algorithms require a reference of the future vehicle motion to compute a prediction of the system response. Assumptions regarding the future...
journal article 2019
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Heraganahally, Subash (author), Mehra, Sumit (author), Veitch, D.E. (author), Sajkov, Dimitar (author), Falhammar, Henrik (author), Morton, Sharon (author)
Purpose of the study: Pleural diseases are common in clinical practice. Doctors in training often encounter these patients and are expected to perform diagnostic and therapeutic pleural procedures with confidence and safely. However, pleural procedures can be associated with significant complications, especially when performed by less...
journal article 2019
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Santos, Gonçalo Gonçalves Duarte (author), Homem de Almeida Correia, G. (author)
This paper proposes a real-time decision support tool based on the rolling-horizon principle that manages staff activities (relocations and maintenance) of a one-way carsharing system and considers carpooling the staff in the relocated carsharing vehicles for extra cost reduction. The decision support tool is composed of three elements: a...
journal article 2019
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Vleugel, J.M. (author), Bal, Frans (author)
Tourism is a fast-growing key industry, which provides an economic rationale for governments to stimulate it. The more it grows, the higher the negative environmental effects and the more the use of space, resources, pollution and travel. Sustainable tourism aims to strike a balance between the environmental, economic and social effects of...
journal article 2019
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Vleugel, J.M. (author), Bal, Frans (author)
Modern societies rely on mass mobility, in particular by private car. Car numbers are growing worldwide due to economic and other factors. Nearly all have engines that run on fossil fuels. Use of fossil fuels contributes to climate change (via CO2-emissions) and local air pollution (primary NOx- and PM10-emissions). Both have profound...
journal article 2019
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Cleij, D. (author), Venrooij, J. (author), Pretto, Paolo (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Bulthoff, Heinrich H. (author)
Motion cueing algorithms are used in motion simulation to map the inertial vehicle motion onto the limited simulator motion space. This mapping causes mismatches between the unrestricted visual motion and the constrained inertial motion, which results in perceived motion incongruence (PMI). It is still largely unknown what exactly causes...
journal article 2018
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Monteiro Fernandes, A.B. (author), Brabandt, Joerg (author), Posdziech, Oliver (author), Saadabadi, S.A. (author), Recalde Moreno Del Rocio, M.D.R. (author), Fan, L. (author), Promes, E.J.O. (author), Liu, M. (author), Woudstra, T. (author), Purushothaman Vellayani, A. (author)
This paper describes the steps involved in the design, construction, and testing of a gasifier-specific solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system. The design choices are based on reported thermodynamic simulation results for the entire gasifier- gas cleanup-SOFC system. The constructed SOFC system is tested and the measured parameters are compared...
journal article 2018
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Roungas, V. (author), Meijer, Sebastiaan (author), Verbraeck, A. (author)
Thirty years of research on validation and verification have returned a plethora of methods and statistical techniques through methodological and case studies. It is, however, this abundance of methods and techniques that poses a major challenge. Due to time and budget constraints, it is impossible to apply all the available methods and...
journal article 2018
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Strasser, Thomas I. (author), Pröstl Andrén, F. (author), De Jong, E. C.W. (author), Rodriguez, J. E. (author), van der Meer, A.A. (author), Bhandia, R. (author), Arnold, G. (author), Tran, Q. T. (author), Nguyen, V. H. (author)
A driving force for the realization of a sustainable energy supply in Europe is the integration of distributed, renewable energy resources. Due to their dynamic and stochastic generation behaviour, utilities and network operators are confronted with a more complex operation of the underlying distribution grids. Additionally, due to the higher...
journal article 2018
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Wu, Y. (author), de Graaf, M. (author), Menenti, M. (author)
Global quantitative aerosol information has been derived from MODerate Resolution Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MODIS) observations for decades since early 2000 and widely used for air quality and climate change research. However, the operational MODIS Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) products Collection 6 (C6) can still be biased, because of...
journal article 2017
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Šavija, B. (author), Feiteira, J. (author), Araújo, M. (author), Chatrabhuti, S. (author), Raquez, JM (author), van Tittelboom, K (author), Gruyaert, Elke (author), de Belie, N (author), Schlangen, H.E.J.G. (author)
Polymeric capsules can have an advantage over glass capsules used up to now as proof-of-concept carriers in self-healing concrete. They allow easier processing and afford the possibility to fine tune their mechanical properties. Out of the multiple requirements for capsules used in this context, the capability of rupturing when crossed by a...
journal article 2017
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Wu, Y. (author), de Graaf, M. (author), Menenti, M. (author)
This study is to evaluate the sensitivity of Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD <i style="box-sizing: inherit; line-height: inherit; max-height: 100000px; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: Arial; font-size: 13px; text-align: justify;">τ</i>) to aerosol vertical profile and type, using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)...
journal article 2016
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Zhang, Dong (author), Verhees, Wiljan (author), Dörenkämper, Maarten (author), Qiu, Weiming (author), Bakker, N.J. (author), Gutjahr, Astrid (author), Veenstra, Sjoerd (author), Gehlhaar, Robert (author), Paetzold, Ulrich W. (author), Soppe, Wim (author), Romijn, Ingrid (author), Geerligs, LJ (author), Aernouts, Tom (author), Weeber, A.W. (author)
The perovskite solar cell is considered a promising candidate as the top cell for high-efficiency tandem devices with crystalline silicon (c-Si) bottom cells, contributing to the cost reduction of photovoltaic energy. In this contribution, a simulation method, involving optical and electrical modelling, is established to calculate the...
journal article 2016
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Chappin, E.J.L. (author), Dijkema, G.P.J. (author)
A framework for the modeling and simulation of transitions is presented. A transition, “substantial change in the state of a socio-technical system”, typically unfolds over a long timespan. We therefore suggest to use simulation to inform transition managers on the effect of their decisions. Transition models preferably meet five functional...
journal article 2015
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Malan, D.F. (author), Van der Walt, S.J. (author), Raidou, R.G. (author), Van den Berg, B. (author), Stoel, B.C. (author), Botha, C.P. (author), Nelissen, R.G.H.H. (author), Valstar, E.R. (author)
Purpose In orthopaedics, minimally invasive injection of bone cement is an established technique. We present HipRFX, a software tool for planning and guiding a cement injection procedure for stabilizing a loosening hip prosthesis. HipRFX works by analysing a pre-operative CT and intraoperative C-arm fluoroscopic images. Methods HipRFX simulates...
journal article 2015
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Taale, H. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Legius, P. (author)
For some on-ramps, which cause congestion on the motorway, it is not possible to install a ramp metering system for geometric or other reasons. But sometimes it is possible to meter traffic with the traffic lights of nearby intersections in such a way that the situation on the motorway improves and on the urban network the situation does not get...
journal article 2015
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Holtz, G. (author), Alkemade, F. (author), De Haan, F. (author), Köhler, J. (author), Trutnevyte, E. (author), Luthe, T. (author), Halbe, J. (author), Papachristos, G. (author), Chappin, E. (author), Kwakkel, J.H. (author), Ruutu, S. (author)
Societal transitions involve multiple actors, changes in institutions, values and technologies, and interactions across multiple sectors and scales. Given this complexity, this paper takes on the view that the societal transitions research field would benefit from the further maturation and broader uptake of modelling approaches. This paper...
journal article 2015
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