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de Nijs, F. (author), de Weerdt, M.M. (author), Spaan, M.T.J. (author)
Demand response refers to the concept that power consumption should aim to match supply, instead of supply following demand. It is a key technology to enable the successful transition to an electricity system that incorporates more and more intermittent and uncontrollable renewable energy sources. For instance, loads such as heat pumps or...
book chapter 2019
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Sohn, H. (author), Cordova Gonzalez, Ramon (author)
The phenomenon of migration is a fundamental concept to evolutionary biology, population studies, and life sciences. It is almost uncontestable common knowledge that migration is an indispensable factor to propel difference and change, thus ensuring genetic variation, and ultimately evolution for all life forms. For most species migration is the...
book chapter 2019
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Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author)
This chapter deals with the methodology for proof load testing. All aspects of proof load testing that are shared with other load testing methods have been discussed in Part II of Volume 12. In this chapter, the particularities of proof load testing are discussed. These elements include the determination of the target proof load, the procedures...
book chapter 2019
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Frangopol, DM (author), Yang, David Y. (author), Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author), Steenbergen, RDJM (author)
This chapter reviews concepts related to the uncertainties associated with structures and how the results of load tests can be used to reduce these uncertainties. When an existing bridge is subjected to a load test, it is known that the capacity of the cross section is at least equal to the largest load effect that was successfully resisted. As...
book chapter 2019
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Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author), Hordijk, D.A. (author), Koekkoek, R.T. (author), van der Veen, C. (author)
This chapter describes the proof load testing of viaduct Zijlweg at a position that is critical for bending moment and at a position that is critical for shear. The viaduct Zijlweg has cracking caused by alkali-silica reaction, and the effect of material degradation on the capacity is uncertain. Therefore, the assessment of this viaduct was...
book chapter 2019
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Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author)
This chapter reviews the existing codes and guidelines for load testing of structures. A summary of the main requirements of each existing code is provided, with a focus on the determination of the required load and measurements. The requirements for load testing of bridges and buildings are revised, for new and existing structures. An...
book chapter 2019
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Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author)
This chapter brings all information from the previous chapters together and restates the main topics that have been covered in this book. The topics to which more research energy has been devoted and the remaining open questions are discussed. Based on the current knowledge and state of the art, as well as the practical experiences presented by...
book chapter 2019
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Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author), Schmidt, J.W. (author)
This chapter discusses the aspects related to the preparation of load tests, regardless of the chosen type of load test. After determination of the test objectives, the first step should be a technical inspection of the bridge and bridge site. With this information, the preparatory calculations (assessment for existing bridges and expected...
book chapter 2019
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Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author), Bonifaz, J. (author), Sanchez, T.A. (author), Harris, D.K. (author)
This chapter deals with the methodology for diagnostic load testing. All aspects of diagnostic load testing that are shared with other load testing methods have been discussed in Part II. In this chapter, the particularities of diagnostic load testing of new and existing bridges are discussed. These elements include loading procedures,...
book chapter 2019
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Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author), Schmidt, J.W. (author)
This chapter discusses aspects that should be considered prior to every load test. The first questions that needs to be answered are “Is this bridge suitable for load testing?” and “If so, what are the goals of the load test?” To answer these questions, information must be gathered and preliminary calculations should be carried out. In order to...
book chapter 2019
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Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author), Schmidt, J.W. (author)
This chapter discusses the aspects related to processing the results of a load test after the test. The way in which the data are processed depends on the goals of the test. As such, the report that summarizes the preparation, execution, and post-processing of the load test should clearly state the goal of the load test, how the test addressed...
book chapter 2019
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Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author), Schmidt, J.W. (author)
This chapter discusses the aspects related to the execution of load tests regardless of the chosen type of load test. The main elements required for the execution of the load test are the equipment for applying the load and the equipment for measuring and displaying (if required) the structural responses. This chapter reviews the commonly used...
book chapter 2019
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Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author)
This chapter introduces the general topic of load testing of structures. In this chapter, the reader can find a short background to the topic of load testing of structures, the scope of this book, the aim of this book, and a short discussion of the structure and outline of this book.
book chapter 2019
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Mulder, I.J. (author), Kun, P. (author)
Even though emerging city-makers are increasingly organized to trigger social changes, it is still hard to apprehend their real power to transform space and the way we live together. In this chapter, we explore how designerly approaches, such as hacking, making, and prototyping, can empower emerging city-makers to trigger a broader change and...
book chapter 2019
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Concilio, Grazia (author), De Götzen, Amalia (author), Molinari, F (author), Morelli, Nicola (author), Mulder, I.J. (author), Simeone, Luca (author), Tosoni, Ilaria (author), Van Dam, Kirsten (author)
The focus of design studies has shifted from a product-centric perspective to a perspective in which value is defined by and co-created with the consumer, rather than embedded in the output. The reasoning hence focuses on the interplay between innovation and design processes. Moving from an earlier conceptualization of design-driven innovation,...
book chapter 2019
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van Thoor, M.T.A. (author)
book chapter 2019
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van Thoor, M.T.A. (author)
book chapter 2019
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van Thoor, M.T.A. (author)
book chapter 2019
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van Thoor, M.T.A. (author)
book chapter 2019
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Robledo, C.B. (author), Poorte, M.J. (author), Mathijssen, H.H.M. (author), van der Veen, R.A.C. (author), van Wijk, A.J.M. (author)
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) in combination with green hydrogen (obtained from renewable sources), could make a significant contribution in decarbonizing the European transport sector, and thus help achieve the ambitious climate goals. However, most vehicles are parked for about 95% of their life time. This work proposes the more...
book chapter 2019
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