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Barendswaard, S. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Vehicle control tasks require simultaneous control of multiple degrees-of-freedom. Most multi-axis human-control modeling is limited to the modeling of multiple fully independent single axes. This paper contributes to the understanding of multi-axis control behavior and draws a more realistic and complete picture of dual-axis manual control....
journal article 2019
document
Drop, F.M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Bülthoff, Heinrich H. (author)
The human controller (HC) in manual control of a dynamical system often follows a visible and predictable reference path (target). The HC can adopt a control strategy combining closed-loop feedback and an open-loop feedforward response. The effects of the target signal waveform shape and the system dynamics on the human feedforward dynamics...
journal article 2018
document
van der El, K. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Due to linear perspective, the visual stimulus provided by a previewed reference trajectory reduces with increasing distance ahead. This paper investigates the effects of linear perspective on human use of preview in manual control tasks. Results of a human-in-the-loop tracking experiment are presented, where the linear perspective&#x0027...
journal article 2018
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Wolters, Joris P. M. A. (author), van der El, K. (author), Damveld, H.J. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This paper investigates the effects of simulator motion on driver steering performance, and how this depends on the available visual information and external disturbances such as wind gusts. A human-in-the-loop driving experiment was performed in which twelve participants steered a fixedvelocity car to follow a winding road (target tracking, TT)...
conference paper 2018
document
Drop, F.M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Bülthoff, Heinrich H. (author)
Realistic manual control tasks typically involve predictable target signals and random disturbances. The human controller (HC) is hypothesized to use a feedforward control strategy for target-following, in addition to feedback control for disturbance-rejection. Little is known about human feedforward control, partly because common system...
journal article 2017
document
Mulder, M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), Boer, E.R. (author), Zaal, P.M.T. (author), Drop, F.M. (author), van der El, K. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author)
Manual control cybernetics aims to understand and describe how humans control vehicles and devices using mathematical models of human control dynamics. This “cybernetic approach” enables objective and quantitative comparisons of human behavior, and allows a systematic optimization of human control interfaces and training...
journal article 2017
document
Drop, F.M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Bülthoff, Heinrich H. (author)
The human controller (HC) can greatly improve target-tracking performance by utilizing a feedforward operation on the target signal, in addition to a feedback response. System identification methods are used to determine the correct HC model structure: purely feedback or a combined feedforward/feedback model. In this paper, we investigate three...
journal article 2016
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van der El, K. (author), Barendswaard, S. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
In many practical control tasks, human controllers (HC) can preview the trajectory they must follow in the near future. This paper investigates the effects of the length of previewed target trajectory, or preview time, on HC behavior in rate tracking tasks. To do so, a human-in-the-loop experiment was performed, consisting of a combined target...
conference paper 2016
document
Popovici, A (author), Zaal, P.M.T. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This study attempts to partially explain the characteristics of the human perceptual remnant, following Levison’s representation of the remnant as an equivalent observation noise. Eye activity parameters are recorded using an eye tracker in two compensatory tracking tasks in which the visual information is presented using either a first or...
conference paper 2016
document
Drop, F.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Bülthoff, Heinrich H. (author), de Vries, R. (author)
In the manual control of a dynamic system, the human controller (HC) is often required to follow a visible and predictable reference path. Using the predictable aspect of a reference signal, through applying feedforward control, the HC can significantly improve performance as compared to a purely feedback control strategy. A proper definition of...
journal article 2016
document
Barendswaard, S. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
While many realistic manual control tasks require human operators to control multiple degrees-of-freedomsimultaneously, our understanding of such multi-axis manual control has not moved far beyond considering it simply as the control of multiple fully-independent axes. This investigation aims to further our understanding of multi-axis control by...
conference paper 2016
document
Mulder, M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), Boer, E.R. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author)
Manual control cybernetics aims to understand and describe how humans control vehicles and devices, such that more effective human-machine interfaces can be designed. Current cybernetics theory is primarily based on technology and analysis methods developed in the 1960s and has shown to be limited in its capability to capture the full breadth of...
conference paper 2016
document
Pool, D.M. (author), Zaal, P.M.T. (author)
This paper presents a cybernetic approach to assess the training of manual control skills in simulators. The approach uses multi-channel pilot models that separate pilots’ responses to visual and motion stimuli. This allows for a quantitative analysis of pilots’ use of visual and motion cues for manual aircraft control, as well as the evolution...
journal article 2016
document
Venrooij, J. (author)
Vehicle accelerations affect the human body in various ways. In some cases, accelerations cause involuntary motions of limbs like arms and hands. If someone is engaged in a manual control task at the same time, these involuntary limb motions can lead to involuntary control forces and control inputs. This phenomenon is called biodynamic...
doctoral thesis 2014
document
Tadema, J. (author), Theunissen, E. (author), Koeners, J. (author)
The guidance information that is available to the UAV operator typically suffers from limitations of data update rate and system latency. Even when using a flight director command display, the manual control task is considerably more difficult compared to piloting a manned aircraft. Results from earlier research into perspective guidance...
conference paper 2007
document
Buiël, E.F.T. (author)
conference paper 1996
document
Breedveld, P. (author)
conference paper 1995
document
Theunissen, E. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
conference paper 1995
document
Buiël, E.F.T. (author), Breedveld, P. (author)
conference paper 1995
document
Mulder, M. (author)
conference paper 1995
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