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Anderson, Ross (author), Barton, Chris (author), Böhme, Rainer (author), Clayton, Richard (author), Hernandez Ganan, C. (author), Grasso, Tom (author), Levi, Michael (author), Moore, Tyler (author), Vasek, Marie (author)
In 2012 we presented the first systematic study of the costs of cybercrime. In this paper, we report what has changed in the seven years since. The period has seen major platform evolution, with the mobile phone replacing the PC and laptop as the consumer terminal of choice, with Android replacing Windows, and with many services moving to the...
conference paper 2019
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Slingerland, G. (author), Mulder, I.J. (author), Jaskiewicz, T.J. (author)
The current work explores the participation divide that is oftentimes at play within local citizen communities. The studied case illustrates a common situation where the majority of local citizens does not participate in public space improvement and maintenance activities organised by local community activists. The presented research involved...
conference paper 2019
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Meesters, K.J.M.G. (author), Nespeca, V. (author), Comes, M. (author)
Information and supporting information systems is a key element in an effective emergency response. From creating situational awareness to informed decision making, information enables responders to optimize their decisions and operations. Today, with the increased availability of information technology around the globe, a new active player in...
conference paper 2019
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Abdelgawad, Ahmed (author), Comes, M. (author)
Evaluation and testing are major steps in the development of any information system, particularly if it is to be used in high-risk contexts such as conflicts. While thus far there are various approaches for testing against technology requirements; usability or usefulness, there is a lack of a comprehensive evaluation framework that combines the...
conference paper 2019
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Morishita, Shun (author), Hoizumi, Takuya (author), Ueno, Wataru (author), Tanabe, Rui (author), Hernandez Ganan, C. (author), van Eeten, M.J.G. (author), Yoshioka, Katsunari (author), Matsumoto, Tsutomu (author)
Open-source honeypots are a vital component in the protection of networks and the observation of trends in the threat landscape. Their open nature also enables adversaries to identify the characteristics of these honeypots in order to detect and avoid them. In this study, we investigate the prevalence of 14 open-source honeypots running more or...
conference paper 2019
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Bey, C. (author), Hourlier, S. (author), Andre, J-M. (author)
The management of cognitive resources are central in the case of a decision-making process by pilots. We undertake a study involving Airbus 400M pilots and allowing to understand these mechanisms and to propose recommendations for the design of a tool to assist in the management of their cognitive resources. We find that in the most critical...
conference paper 2019
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Cookson, S. (author)
In response to multiple airline accidents involving pilot-ATC communication breakdowns, ICAO implemented a worldwide language proficiency program in 2011. The official guide to the program, Document 9835, cites four accidents in which insufficient English proficiency of pilots or air traffic controllers was a contributing factor. The purpose of...
conference paper 2019
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Beringer, D.B. (author), Sparko, A.L. (author), Jaworski, J.M. (author)
Two studies (using Boeing 777 and 737 simulators) examined flight crews’ use of an Enhanced Flight Vision System (EFVS) for low-visibility taxi operations. Twenty-five flight crews completed 21 short taxi scenarios under combinations of the following: Runway visual range (RVR: 300, 500, and 1000 ft); EFVS on head-up display (on/off); Airport...
conference paper 2019
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Daviaux, Y. (author), Bey, C. (author), Arsac, L. (author), Morellec, O. (author), Lini, S. (author)
Modeling individuals’ cognitive control levels in operational situations is a major challenge for safety in aeronautical industry. Standardized experimental tasks - as the Multi-Attribute Task Battery II (MATB-II) - are dedicated to such a challenge that can be faced using psycho-physiological biosignals. These biosignals are known to be...
conference paper 2019
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Piessens, T. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Impoverished sensory input makes tele-operation of Unmanned Autonomous Vehicles a difficult task. Automation support can provide assistance to the operator, but may also produce automation surprise and a risk of loss of situation awareness, when the human operator fails to notice the actions of automation in high-workload situations. Previous...
conference paper 2019
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Cabral, L. (author), Ribeiro, S. (author), Barreto, M (author), Fajer, M. (author), Pereira, M. (author), Santos, C. (author)
This article describes a Group Discussion ocurred on the I National Congress of the Brazilian Aviation Psychology Association (ABRAPAV), in 2016. Among 158 participants on the event, 146 took part of this Group Discussion: 75 psychologists; 6 Psychology students; 25 other aviation profissionals; 40 professionals with unidentified formation. They...
conference paper 2019
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Kiehl, Z.A. (author), Sathyanarayan, D. (author), Halverson, K.C. (author), Zabala, M.E. (author), Gallagher, S. (author)
Current cervical spine assessment methodologies focus solely on subjective measures, such as pain reports, and range-of-motion (ROM) testing that only measures maximum head excursion and reach (i.e., not dynamic motion). Due to report bias and the potential for negative outcomes of self-reported pain, current clinical assessment methods fail to...
conference paper 2019
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Sushereba, C. (author), Militello, L. (author), Ernst, K. (author), Diiulio, J. (author), Roth, E. (author), Scheff, S. (author), Huff IV, W. (author)
In this paper, we describe an ongoing effort to envision and articulate requirements for the United States Army’s Future Vertical Lift (FVL) program, specifically related to crewing. The goal of FVL is to develop a new family of rotorcraft that will incorporate advanced technologies to support new capabilities. We will discuss the challenges...
conference paper 2019
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Palmer, S. (author), Richards, D. (author), Shelton-Rayner, G. (author), Inch, D. (author), Izzetoglu, K. (author)
The promise of intelligent decision support systems is presented as a harbinger for humankind. With the potential partnership between the human and autonomous system we could see a significant increase in effectiveness and safety. However, as we see both human and agent team members being integrated we must investigate ways in which we can...
conference paper 2019
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Richards, D. (author), Kaliardos, B. (author)
Intelligent and complex systems are becoming common in our workplace and our homes, providing direct assistance in transport, health and education domains. In many instances the nature of these systems are somewhat ubiquitous, and influence the manner in which we make decisions. Traditionally we understand the benefits of how humans work within...
conference paper 2019
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Reddy, P. (author), Richards, D. (author), Izzetoglu, K. (author)
Unmanned aircraft system (UAS) sensor operators are typically required to execute search and surveillance tasks. Brain-in-the-loop measures during such tasks can help evaluate expertise development and cognitive capacities of the operator, which can be an important asset in designing adaptive and personalized training systems. Emergence of...
conference paper 2019
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Torres, C.D. (author), Kozak, B.J. (author)
In order to obtain an airframe and powerplant (A&P) certificate, students must receive a minimum of 1,900 hours of instruction from an FAA approved 14 CFR Part 147 School. Within Part 147, students are only required to learn about helicopters at a level 1 proficiency, which requires only classroom lectures. In order to fill this possible gap in...
conference paper 2019
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Smith, P.J. (author), Evans, M. (author), Spencer, A. (author)
There are a number of tools and procedures identified as applicable to initial Trajectory Based Operations (iTBO). This includes Strategic Planning and Traffic Flow Management such as the use of Ground Delay Programs, Airspace Flow Programs and Collaborative Trajectory Operations Program initiatives (CTOPs). It also includes a focus on route...
conference paper 2019
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Schulte, A. (author), Donath, D. (author)
This contribution outlines a cognitive engineering approach to structure, describe and depict configurations for highly automated human-machine systems using a common language. These systems involve cognitive agents, for autonomous vehicle guidance and mission management. The method focusses on the systematic top-down deduction of requirements...
conference paper 2019
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Pittorie, W. (author), Carroll, M. (author), Carstens, D. (author)
Advancements in technology has made obtaining a graphical/textual preflight weather briefing easier than a traditional verbal briefing. This study compared weather briefings delivered in a verbal format (i.e., written narrative) to those delivered in a graphical format (i,e., radar map plus textual data) in a within-subjects study that altered...
conference paper 2019
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