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Knoop, V.L. (author), Taale, Henk (author), Meulenberg, Michel (author), van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Demand exceeding the capacity of a bottleneck will create congestion upstream of that bottleneck. Once this congestion occurs, the maximum flow through this bottleneck decreases (capacity drop). By limiting the flow towards the bottleneck, one can prevent or postpone the capacity drop and the accompanying congestion. In case the bottleneck is...
conference paper 2019
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Knoop, V.L. (author), van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Leclercq, Ludovic (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
<br/>The Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (MFD) describes the relation between accumulation and speed in a zone. While theoretically expected, empirical validations have been done with limited numbers of floating car (e.g., taxi) data, and loop detectors. This paper will verify existence, shape and crispness of the MFD using Floating Car Data ...
conference paper 2019
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Yuan, K. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Scarce urban space makes urban streets have to be partly shared by cars and cyclists. Traffic flow can be considerably influenced by cyclists, which are comparatively slower than cars. The fundamental diagram (FD) can change greatly, correlating to bike lane length and the cyclist flow. Models for the traffic dynamics on the space-shared streets...
journal article 2019
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Sparnaaij, M. (author), Duives, D.C. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Ideally, a multitude of steps has to be taken before a commercial implementation of a pedestrian model is used in practice. Calibration, the main goal of which is to increase the accuracy of the predictions by determining the set of values for the model parameters that allows for the best replication of reality, has an important role in this...
journal article 2019
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Goni Ros, B. (author), Schakel, W.J. (author), Papacharalampous, Alexandros E. (author), Wang, M. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Sakata, Ichiro (author), van Arem, B. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Sags are roadway sections along which the gradient increases gradually in the direction of traffic. Sags are generally bottlenecks in freeway networks. Previous research suggests that traffic management measures using advanced Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) systems could reduce congestion on freeways, but little is known about their potential...
journal article 2019
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Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Sags are freeway sections along which the gradient changes significantly from downward to upward. The capacity of sags is considerably lower than the capacity of normal sections. Consequently, sags are often freeway bottlenecks. Recently, several control measures have been proposed to improve traffic flow efficiency at sags. Those measures...
journal article 2019
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Gavriilidou, A. (author), Wierbos, M.J. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Yuan, Y. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Cycling research at the operational behavioral level is limited, mainly because of the lack of empirical data. To overcome this data shortage, we performed a controlled, large-scale cycling experiment in the Netherlands. In this paper we describe the methodology for setting up and implementing such an experiment, from the motivation of its...
journal article 2019
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Wierbos, M.J. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hanseler, F.S. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Bicycle usage is encouraged in many cities because of its health and environmental benefits. As a result, bicycle traffic increases which leads to questions on the requirements of bicycle infrastructure. Design guidelines are available but the scientific substantiation is limited. This research contributes to understanding bicycle traffic flow...
journal article 2019
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van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
This article presents a procedure to estimate the macroscopic traffic state in a pre-defined space-time mesh using relative flow data collected by stationary and moving observers. The procedure consist of two consecutive and independent processes: (1) estimate point observations of the cumulative vehicle number in space-time, i.e., N(x, t),...
journal article 2018
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Wierbos, M.J. (author), Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
In many countries, an increasing number of people are using the bicycle for urban trips. The increased bicycle flow sometimes creates local congestion at intersections and demands better bicycle traffic management. To provide policy<br/>makers with models and advice on how to prevent congestion, an increased understanding of queue dynamics is...
conference paper 2018
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Yuan, K. (author), Lavala, Jorge (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Jiang, Rui (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Traffic flow downstream of the congestion is generally lower than the pre-queue capacity. This phenomenon is called the capacity drop. Recent empirical observations show a positive relationship between the speed in congestion and the queue discharge rate. Literature indicates that variations in driver behaviors can account for the capacity drop....
journal article 2018
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Keyvan-Ekbatani, M. (author), de Baat, Marco (author), Taale, Henk (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Freeways forman important part of the road network. Yet, driving behavior on freeways, in particular lane changes and the relation with the choice of speed, is not well understood. To overcome this, an online survey has been carried out. Drivers were shown video clips, and after each clip they had to indicate what they would do after the moment...
journal article 2018
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van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
In ruwe vorm zijn floating car data rijk en uiterst gedetailleerd. Het punt is alleen dat we om privacyredenen niet met die ruwe data mogen werken – we moeten het doen met geaggregeerde data die door een privacyfilter zijn gehaald. Is daarmee nog enige verkeersmanagement-eer te behalen? Jawel, mits je de FCD slim combineert met bijvoorbeeld...
journal article 2018
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van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Thoen, Sebastiaan (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
The fundamental diagram (FD) describes the relation between the flow and density in equilibrium conditions. In this paper, we propose an estimation approach to estimate the FD based on data from moving observers. This approach consists of two main steps: (1) estimate flow and density for space-time areas based on trajectories of moving observers...
conference paper 2018
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van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
conference paper 2018
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Sparnaaij, M. (author), Duives, D.C. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
conference paper 2018
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Wierbos, M.J. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hanseler, F.S. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
conference paper 2018
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de Baat, Marco (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
journal article 2018
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van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Traffic state estimation is a crucial element in traffic management systems and in providing traffic information to road users. In this article, we evaluate traffic sensing data-based estimation error characteristics in macroscopic traffic state estimation. We consider two types of sensing data, that is, loop-detector data and probe speed...
journal article 2017
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Yuan, K. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
The capacity drop indicates that the queue discharge rate is lower than the free-flow capacity. Studies show that the queue discharge rate varies under different traffic conditions. Empirical data show that the queue discharge rate increases as the speed in congestion increases. Insights into the underlying behavioral mechanisms that cause...
journal article 2017
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