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Martins Martinho Bessa, A.C. (author)
As Artificial Intelligence (AI) becomes increasingly important in modern society, there is a pressing need to address the ethical issues associated with these technologies. AI Ethics is a necessary endeavor to capitalize on the benefits of AI while minimizing its risks. However, it faces important challenges related to normative urgency, multi...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Vermunt, P.C. (author)
Observing vegetation water dynamics from space offers insights into plant-water relations and water and carbon fluxes across ecosystems at local to global scales. A promising technique to observe water in the vegetation layer is radar, an active form of microwave remote sensing. Interactions between microwaves and vegetation material depend on...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Wang, Q. (author)
To eliminate organic micropollutants (OMPs) from (surface) water, activated carbon adsorption is a cost-effective technology to remove a broad range of OMPs without producing any byproducts. However, co-existing dissolved organic matter (DOM), at much higher concentrations (mg C/L) than OMPs (ng/L-μg/L), inducing adsorption competition, can...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Annaduzzaman, M. (author)
Groundwater arsenic (As) contamination is a severe drinking water quality problem and threatens human health in Bangladesh and other countries. Chronic exposure to As-contaminated drinking water has resulted in tens of millions of people suffering from skin lesions, hyperkeratosis, melanosis, skin cancer, and cancer of internal organs. The World...
doctoral thesis 2022
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van Linden, N. (author)
Ammonia (NH3) is one of world’s most-produced chemicals and is mostly used as a raw resource for fertilisers. From the used NH3-based fertilisers, almost half of the NH3 ends up in receiving water bodies, leading to eutrophication, eventually resulting in species diversity loss in the aquatic environment. To minimise environmental damage, total...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Sarkar, A. (author)
Efforts to realize a sufficiently large controllable quantum processor are actively being pursued globally. These quantum devices are programmed by specifying the manipulation of quantum information via quantum algorithms. This doctoral research provides an application perspective to the design requirements of a quantum accelerator architecture....
doctoral thesis 2022
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Li, W. (author)
Multi-phase metallic materials such as Advanced High-Strength Steels (AHSS) are of great importance in a wide variety of high-tech industries due to their higher strength compared to conventional (mild) forming steels. The higher strength leads to various advantages in weight, safety and environmental friendliness. In order to develop new AHHS...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Quan, H. (author)
Fatigue failures are a major concern in aeronautics. The growth of fatigue cracks in metallic structures and adhesively bonded joints has been studied for decades. Nowadays, most researchers evaluate and predict the fatigue damage growth rate (da/dN) with empirical and phenomenon based approaches, using Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics with...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Hartmann, J. (author)
“Access to safe drinking water is a fundamental human need and, therefore, a basic human right. Contaminated water jeopardizes both the physical and social health of all people”: such is the importance of safe drinking water, as stated by Kofi Annan, former Secretary-General of the United Nations, on World Water Day 2001. While some countries...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Fieback, M. (author)
Resistive random access memory (RRAM) is a promising emerging memory technology that offers dense, non-volatile memories that do not consume any static power. Furthermore, RRAMdevices can be written and read out in nanoseconds, and it is possible to use them to performcomputation-in-memory (CIM). These benefits make this technology a potential...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Hermans, T.H.J. (author)
The sea level is changing around the world due to a combination of complex processes, such as changes in ocean density and circulation, the melt of ice sheets and glaciers, terrestrial water storage and vertical land motion. Projections of how much and how fast sea level will change are crucial information for adaptation planning. At the basis...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Zhu, K. (author)
Copulas are important models that allow to capture the dependence among variables. There are many types of bivariate parametric copula families, which allow to model data sets with different properties: symmetric and asymmetric dependence, upper (lower) tail dependence. In higher dimensions popular families of copulas, e.g., Gaussian, Student-t...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Zander, F. (author)
Organic matter plays a major role in global ecosystems and has several functions in terrestrial and marine environments. As organic matter impacts, among others, the rheological behaviour and settling rates of mineral sediment particles, it is of great relevance to the definition and maintenance of the nautical depth in ports and waterways. The...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Lin, J. (author)
Estuaries are the core area of land-sea interactions and have significant ecological and economic value. In estuaries, hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics are the crucial processes governing geomorphology, navigability, and primary production. Since the turn of the 20th century, increased human activities (e.g., damming, dredging, and...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Klyde, D.H. (author)
From the Wright Flyer to fly-by-wire, the phenomenon of pilot-induced oscillations (PIO) has persisted, evolving with the complexity of the airframes and their associated flight control systems. Though airframe designers have long recognized the threat posed by PIO, each generation has been forced to address the issue whether identified in...
doctoral thesis 2022
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de Wagter, C. (author)
Highly automated Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) or "flying robots" are rapidly becoming an important asset to society. The last decade has seen the advent of an impressive number of new UAV types and applications. For many applications, the UAVs need to be safe, highly automated, and versatile. Safety is a prerequisite to allowing their use in...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Tas, S.A.J. (author)
Over the last decades, mangrove forests have suffered immense and rapid losses worldwide. In recognition of their important socio-economic and environmental functions, many attempts have been made to both protect the remaining mangrove coastlines and restore eroding sites. Unfortunately, many rehabilitation attempts have failed, lacking a...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Ahmad, T. (author)
The ever increasing pace of advancements in sequencing technologies has enabled rapid DNA/genome sequencing to become much more accessible. In particular, next (second) and third generation sequencing technologies offer high throughput, massively parallel and cost effective sequencing solutions. Individual sample sequencing data volumes as well...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Tang, T. (author)
Polarized opinions are everywhere. From opposite attitudes towards Hawaiian pizza to the partisan divide in theUnited States, we have experienced enough opinion polarization in recent years. Sadly, it is usually a sign of follow-up criticism when people start to talk about "opinion polarization". The term, which should neutrally describe a...
doctoral thesis 2022
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de Vrijer, T. (author)
In this dissertation, a framework is presented for the development of high voltage multijunction photovoltaic (PV) devices. Specifically, wireless silicon-based monolithically integrated 2-terminal multijuction PV devices are investigated. Such devices can be used in autonomous solar-to-fuel synthesis systems, as well as other innovative...
doctoral thesis 2022
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