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document
Le, T.N. (author)
Prototype single layer armour units on a breakwater slope are observed to break. To predict when breakage occurs, the objective of this research project is to obtain knowledge on, and measurements of the rocking behaviour and failure mode of single layer armour units. A single cube on a breakwater slope is subjected to investigations. An...
master thesis 2016
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Salauddin, M. (author), Broere, A. (author), Van der Meer, J.W. (author), Verhagen, H.J. (author), Bijl, E. (author)
A new and symmetrical single layer armour unit, the crablock, has been designed in the UAE. One breakwater was reconstructed with crablock, but very limited testing had been performed. Just to become more acquainted with this new unit, pre-competitive research at a university has been performed, which is the subject of this paper. Being a new...
conference paper 2015
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Salauddin, M. (author)
In the design of rubble mound breakwaters, nowadays single layer systems using concrete armour units have become more common practice compared to conventional two layer systems. However, after the introduction of the accropode in eighties, a small number of single layer armour units have been developed over the years; for example core-loc, A...
report 2015
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Bonfantini, F. (author)
The Crablock is a symmetrical unit, this in contrast to the units that have been applied most in the past. Essentially, this is the main difference. All other units have six “obstacles” that insure interlocking, but they are not symmetrical. All those units are placed randomly in a certain way with more or less contacts to neighbouring units. A...
report 2014
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Zwanenburg, S.A.A. (author)
The dimensions of single layer concrete armour units (interlocking armour units) are calculated with a similar stability relation as the stability relation for quarry stone. In these design formulas an 'average/significant' wave load is used (Hs). Since quarry stone gains its stability only from gravity, this type of armour unit is constructed...
master thesis 2012
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Van de Koppel, M.A. (author)
Interlocking, single layer concrete armour units are placed in a specific grid depending on the type of armour unit. Within this grid, armour units are placed in horizontal rows. The number of horizontal rows of single layer armour units on a breakwater is limited to 20. This limit is proposed in order to prevent major settlements, which might...
master thesis 2012
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De Lange, M. (author)
This report describes the influence of the slope angle of a breakwater slope, the density of the concrete of the Xbloc armour unit, the vertical position of the Xbloc on the breakwater slope and the roughness of the under layer of the breakwater on the extraction force of an Xbloc armour unit. By testing the extraction force, indirectly the...
student report 2010
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Van der Linde, J.P. (author)
Two dimensional physical model tests are executed with Xbloc armour units on low crested structures to answer the objective. On the basis of findings in the literature study it can be expected that the stability of the Xbloc elements on low-crested breakwaters is a function of crest freeboard and crest width. The crest freeboard (Rc/Dn) varied...
master thesis 2009
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Van Zwicht, B.N.M. (author)
This thesis is about the influence of the specific weight on the stability of single layer interlocking armour units on rubble mound breakwaters. The hydraulic stability of the Xbloc armour unit is expressed by the stability number which is based on the assumption of dominance of lift, drag and gravity forces. If other forces have significant...
master thesis 2009
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Fozein Kwanke, N.J.C. (author)
One of the most basic types of breakwaters is the rubble mound breakwater which in essence is a heap of stones consisting of a core of fine material covered by an armour layer of big rock or concrete elements. Mostly unreinforced, these concrete elements exist in different sizes and geometries varying from massive concrete cubes to more...
master thesis 2007
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Schepers, M.R. (author)
In een gebied als Nederland met een relatiefflauw oplopende kust, heeft de conventionele stortstenen golfbreker in het verleden de voorkeur gekregen boven andere typen golfbrekers. Binnen de brekerzone wordt de golfhoogte begrensd door de waterdiepte, wat de keuze ten aanzien van de conventioneIe stortstenen golfbreker bevestigt aangezien de...
master thesis 1998
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de Rouck, J. (author)
Onderzoek naar de stabiliteit van armour units op breuksteengolfbrekers en havendammen, met focus op betonnen elementen. Ontwikkeling van het HARO blok, toepassing van dit blok in de haven van Zeebrugge. Onderzoek naar de hydraulische en geotechnische faalmechanismen (glijvlakken), resultaten modelonderzoek en prototype metingen in Zeebrugge van...
report 1991
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Van der Meer, J.W. (author)
Delft Hydraulics has performed an extensive investigation on the stability of rubble mound revetments and breakwaters under random wave attack. Two stability formulae have been derived which describe the stability of rock slopes as a function of wave height, wave period, slope angle, storm duration, permeability and damage level. The complete...
report 1987
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Price, W.A. (author)
It is not possible to design rubble mound structures employing complex blocks entirely from first principles. Each type of armour unit exploits properties like weight, interlocking, inter-block friction etc, in varying degrees to achieve stability. This is one of the reasons that the empirical formulae often used are inadequate and why most...
report 1979
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Hudson, R.Y. (author)
This paper reports on a laboratory investigation conducted at the United States Army Engineer Waterways experiment station, Vickburg, Mississippi, to determine criteria for the design and construction of rubble mound breakwaters. Small-scale breakwater sections are hand-constructed in a concrete wave flume 119 ft long, 5ft wide, 4 ft deep, and...
report 1959
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