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Jing, Guoqing (author), Qie, Luchao (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jia, J. (author)
During the development for railway, ballasted track is dominant structure and makes up more than 95% of the whole track modes. However, its shortage is considerable in high speed railway and heavy haul system. Regarding to the ballasted railway track's defects as particle breakage, settlement, and geometry irregularity which lead to enormous...
review 2019
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Swuste, P.H.J.J. (author), van Nunen, Karolien (author), Reniers, G.L.L.M.E. (author), Khakzad Rostami, N. (author)
Major accidents in Western countries, receiving a lot of media attention in the 1970s, are starting point for research into internal and external domino effects in the chemical and petrochemical sectors and clusters. Initially, these reports are published by government institutions and government-related research centres. With the upcoming...
review 2019
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Papadimitriou, E. (author), Filtness, Ashleigh (author), Theofilatos, Athanasios (author), Ziakopoulos, Apostolos (author), Quigley, Claire (author), Yannis, George (author)
The objective of this paper is the review and comparative assessment of infrastructure related crash risk factors, with the explicit purpose of ranking them based on how detrimental they are towards road safety (i.e. crash risk, frequency and severity). This analysis was carried out within the SafetyCube project, which aimed to identify and...
review 2019
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Gholinejad, M. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author), Dankelman, J. (author)
The vital role of surgeries in healthcare requires a constant attention to improvement. Surgical process modelling is an innovative and rather recently introduced approach for tackling the issues in today’s complex surgeries. This modelling field is very challenging and still under development, therefore, it is not always clear which...
review 2019
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Vester, Marloes E.M. (author), Bilo, Rob A. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author), van Rijn, Rick R. (author), van Zandwijk, Jan Peter (author)
Inflicted blunt force trauma and/or repetitive acceleration-deceleration trauma in infants can cause brain injury. Yet, the exact pathophysiologic mechanism with its associated thresholds remains unclear. In this systematic review an overview of animal models for shaking trauma and their findings on tissue damage will be provided. A...
review 2019
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Tscheikner-Gratl, F. (author), Bellos, Vasilis (author), Schellart, Alma (author), Moreno Rodenas, A. (author), Muthusamy, Manoranjan (author), Langeveld, J.G. (author), Clemens, F.H.L.R. (author), Shucksmith, James (author), Heuvelink, Gerard B.M. (author), More Authors (author)
This paper aims to stimulate discussion based on the experiences derived from the QUICS project (Quantifying Uncertainty in Integrated Catchment Studies). First it briefly discusses the current state of knowledge on uncertainties in sub-models of integrated catchment models and the existing frameworks for analysing uncertainty. Furthermore, it...
review 2019
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van Zandwijk, Jan Peter (author), Vester, Marloes E.M. (author), Bilo, Rob A. (author), van Rijn, Rick R. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author)
Various types of complex biomechanical models have been published in the literature to better understand processes related to inflicted head injury by shaking trauma (IHI-ST) in infants. In this systematic review, a comprehensive overview of these models is provided. A systematic review was performed in MEDLINE and Scopus for articles using...
review 2019
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Jylhä, Tuuli (author), Remoy, Hilde (author), Arkesteijn, M.H. (author)
Purpose: As corporations change their way of working, the importance of corporate real estate (CRE) management has increased. Hence, there is a need to structure the existing knowledge and to identify the latest developments in CRE research. This paper aims to identify the major developments and changed paradigms in CRE research in 2005-2015....
review 2019
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Guo, Y. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Zhang, X. (author), Qiang, Weile (author), Jing, Guoquig (author)
The performance and deformation of ballast bed are significantly influenced by the particle morphology (size and shape), the rheology (translation and rotation), and the degradation (breakage and abrasion). Regarding the ballast particle morphology, the ballast particle size is generally measured by sieving and described with the Particle Size...
review 2019
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de Jonge, Christa P. (author), Kolken, H.M.A. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
The concept of "mechanical metamaterials" has become increasingly popular, since their macro-scale characteristics can be designed to exhibit unusual combinations of mechanical properties on the micro-scale. The advances in additive manufacturing (AM, three-dimensional printing) techniques have boosted the fabrication of these mechanical...
review 2019
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Fokker, M. C. (author), Janbaz, S. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
crumpled thin sheets exhibit extraordinary characteristics such as a high strength combined with a low volume ratio. This review focuses on the physics of crumpled thin sheets, including the crumpling mechanics, crumpling methods, and the mechanical behavior of crumpled thin sheets. Most of the physical and mechanical properties of crumpled...
review 2019
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Zheng, Feifei (author), Tao, Ruoling (author), Maier, H. R. (author), See, Linda (author), Savić, Dragan (author), Zhang, Tuqiao (author), Chen, Qiuwen (author), Assumpção, Thaine H. (author), Solomatine, D.P. (author), More Authors (author)
Data are essential in all areas of geophysics. They are used to better understand and manage systems, either directly or via models. Given the complexity and spatiotemporal variability of geophysical systems (e.g., precipitation), a lack of sufficient data is a perennial problem, which is exacerbated by various drivers, such as climate change...
review 2019
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Shakeel, A. (author), Farooq, Ujala (author), Iqbal, Tanveer (author), Yasin, Saima (author), Lupi, Francesca R. (author), Gabriele, Domenico (author)
Bigels are interesting semisolid formulations with better properties for different applications such as cosmetics and pharmaceutical systems. Due to the mixing of two phases of different nature (polar and apolar), bigels possess some interesting features like ability to deliver hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs, better spreadability and water...
review 2019
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Saadabadi, S.A. (author), Thallam Thattai, A. (author), Fan, L. (author), Lindeboom, R.E.F. (author), Spanjers, H. (author), Purushothaman Vellayani, P.V. (author)
Anaerobic Digestion (AD) is used worldwide for treating organic waste and wastewater. Biogas produced can be converted using conventional energy conversion devices to provide energy efficient, integrated waste solutions. Typically, the electrical conversion-efficiency of these devices is 30–40% and is lowered due to biogas utilization instead...
review 2019
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Vilhunen, Tuuli (author), Kojo, Matti (author), Litmanen, Tapio (author), Taebi, B. (author)
Final disposal of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) from nuclear power plants (NPPs) is an ethical issue with implications within and across generations. We address this issue from the perspective of nuclear communities that host nuclear waste disposal sites. These are primarily the communities that face injustice due to the potential radiological...
review 2019
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Ikeda, Yuji (author), Grabowski, Blazej (author), Körmann, F.H.W. (author)
Multicomponent alloys with multiple principal elements including high entropy alloys (HEAs) and compositionally complex alloys (CCAs) are attracting rapidly growing attention. The endless possibilities to explore new alloys and the hope for better combinations of materials properties have stimulated a remarkable number of research works in...
review 2019
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Gariglio, S. (author), Caviglia, A. (author), Triscone, J. M. (author), Gabay, M. (author)
Within the last twenty years, the status of the spinorbit interaction has evolved from that of a simple atomic contribution to a key effect that modifies the electronic band structure of materials. It is regarded as one of the basic ingredients for spintronics, locking together charge and spin degrees of freedom and recently it is...
review 2019
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Steinert, S. (author), Friedrich, Orsolya (author)
Ethical issues concerning brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) have already received a considerable amount of attention. However, one particular form of BCI has not received the attention that it deserves: Affective BCIs that allow for the detection and stimulation of affective states. This paper brings the ethical issues of affective BCIs in...
review 2019
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Prieto Hoces, A.I. (author), Knaack, U. (author), Auer, Thomas (author), Klein, T. (author)
Increasing cooling demands in the built environment call for innovative technical solutions and systems for application in buildings. Cooling loads represent an important share of the total energy consumption in warm climates, especially in commercial and office buildings. Moreover, mechanical systems will still be needed in most cases to cope...
review 2019
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Krijgsman, W. (author), Tesakov, A. (author), Yanina, T. (author), Lazarev, S. (author), Danukalova, G. (author), van Baak, Christiaan G.C. (author), Agustí, J. (author), Flecker, R. (author), Kroonenberg, S.B. (author), More Authors (author)
The Pontocaspian (Black Sea - Caspian Sea) region has a very dynamic history of basin development and biotic evolution. The region is the remnant of a once vast Paratethys Sea. It contains some of the best Eurasian geological records of tectonic, climatic and paleoenvironmental change. The Pliocene-Quaternary co-evolution of the Black Sea...
review 2019
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