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Lam, K.L. (author), Zlatanović, L. (author), van der Hoek, J.P. (author)
Recovering resources from wastewater systems is increasingly being emphasised. Many technologies exist or are under development for recycling nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater to agriculture. Planning and design methodologies are needed to identify and deploy the most sustainable solutions in given contexts. For the...
review 2020
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Hou, F. (author), Wang, Wenbo (author), Cao, Liqiang (author), Li, Jun (author), Su, Meiying (author), Lin, Tingyu (author), Zhang, Kouchi (author), Ferreira, Braham (author)
SiC devices are promising for outperforming Si counterparts in high-frequency applications due to its superior material properties. Conventional wirebonded packaging scheme has been one of the most preferred package structures for power modules. However, the technique limits the performance of a SiC power module due to parasitic inductance...
review 2020
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Coppola, M. (author), McGuire, K.N. (author), de Wagter, C. (author), de Croon, G.C.H.E. (author)
This work presents a review and discussion of the challenges that must be solved in order to successfully develop swarms of Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs) for real world operations. From the discussion, we extract constraints and links that relate the local level MAV capabilities to the global operations of the swarm. These should be taken into...
review 2020
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Lawrie, W.I.L. (author), Eenink, H.G.J. (author), Hendrickx, N.W. (author), Boter, J.M. (author), Petit, L. (author), Amitonov, S. (author), Lodari, M. (author), Paquelet Wuetz, B. (author), Volk, C.A. (author), Philips, S.G.J. (author), Droulers, G. (author), Kalhor, N. (author), van Riggelen, F. (author), Brousse, D. (author), Sammak, A. (author), Vandersypen, L.M.K. (author), Scappucci, G. (author), Veldhorst, M. (author)
Electrons and holes confined in quantum dots define excellent building blocks for quantum emergence, simulation, and computation. Silicon and germanium are compatible with standard semiconductor manufacturing and contain stable isotopes with zero nuclear spin, thereby serving as excellent hosts for spins with long quantum coherence. Here, we...
review 2020
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Lähnemann, David (author), Köster, Johannes (author), Robinson, Mark D. (author), Vallejos, Catalina A. (author), Campbell, Kieran R. (author), Beerenwinkel, Niko (author), Pinello, Luca (author), Lelieveldt, B.P.F. (author), Reinders, M.J.T. (author)
The recent boom in microfluidics and combinatorial indexing strategies, combined with low sequencing costs, has empowered single-cell sequencing technology. Thousands-or even millions-of cells analyzed in a single experiment amount to a data revolution in single-cell biology and pose unique data science problems. Here, we outline eleven...
review 2020
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Cai, Miao (author), Cui, Peng (author), Qin, Yikang (author), Geng, Daoshuang (author), Wei, Qiqin (author), Wang, Xiyou (author), Yang, Daoguo (author), Zhang, Kouchi (author)
Understanding the defect characterization of electronic and mechanical components is a crucial step in diagnosing component lifetime. Technologies for determining reliability, such as thermal modeling, cohesion modeling, statistical distribution, and entropy generation analysis, have been developed widely. Defect analysis based on the...
review 2020
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Haagmans, Roger (author), Siemes, C. (author), Massotti, Luca (author), Carraz, Olivier (author), Silvestrin, Pierluigi (author)
The paper addresses the preparatory studies of future ESA mission concepts devoted to improve our understanding of the Earth’s mass change phenomena causing temporal variations in the gravity field, at different temporal and spatial scales, due to ice mass changes of ice sheets and glaciers, continental water cycles, ocean masses dynamics and...
review 2020
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Burger, Franziska (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Brinkman, W.P. (author)
BACKGROUND: Electronic mental (e-mental) health care for depression aims to overcome barriers to and limitations of face-to-face treatment. Owing to the high and growing demand for mental health care, a large number of such information and communication technology systems have been developed in recent years. Consequently, a diverse system...
review 2020
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Li, Z. (author), Jiang, X. (author), Hopman, J.J. (author)
The surface crack, also known as the partly through-thickness crack, is a serious threat to the structural integrity of offshore metallic pipes. In this paper, we review the research progress in regard to surface crack growth in metallic pipes subjected to cyclic loads from the fracture mechanics perspective. The purpose is to provide state-of...
review 2020
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Du, T. (author), Turrin, M. (author), Jansen, S.C. (author), van den Dobbelsteen, A.A.J.F. (author), Fang, J. (author)
Due to the critical need for reducing carbon emissions, the demand for energy-efficient building design is urgent. Studies have shown that space layouts affect energy performance considerably. Energy performance optimisation is able to improve energy performance significantly. However, in order to apply energy performance optimisation to space...
review 2020
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Sheldon, R.A. (author), Brady, Dean (author), Bode, ML (author)
Enzymes are excellent catalysts that are increasingly being used in industry and academia. This perspectiveis primarily aimed at synthetic organic chemists with limited experience using enzymes and providesa general and practical guide to enzymes and their synthetic potential, with particular focus on recentapplications
review 2020
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Guswa, Andrew J. (author), Tetzlaff, Doerthe (author), Selker, John S. (author), Carlyle-Moses, Darryl E. (author), Boyer, Elizabeth W. (author), Bruen, Michael (author), Cayuela, Carles (author), Creed, Irena F. (author), van de Giesen, N.C. (author), Grasso, Domenico (author)
Nature-based solutions for water-resource challenges require advances in the science of ecohydrology. Current understanding is limited by a shortage of observations and theories that can further our capability to synthesize complex processes across scales ranging from submillimetres to tens of kilometres. Recent developments in environmental...
review 2020
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Rutte, R.J. (author)
Views of twelve cities in the Low Countries by the Flemish artist Antoon van den Wijngaerde (c. 1510-1571) have survived: Amsterdam, Brugge, Brussels, Damme, Dordrecht, Duinkerke, Gravelines, ’s-Hertogenbosch, Leuven, Mechelen, Sluis, and Utrecht. Van den Wijngaerde was known for his mastery of topographically accurate and beautiful depictions...
review 2020
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Rutte, R.J. (author)
Views of twelve cities in the Low Countries by the Flemish artist Antoon van den Wijngaerde (c. 1510-1571) have survived: Amsterdam, Brugge, Brussels, Damme, Dordrecht, Duinkerke, Gravelines, ’s-Hertogenbosch, Leuven, Mechelen, Sluis, and Utrecht. Van den Wijngaerde was known for his mastery of topographically accurate and beautiful depictions...
review 2020
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Castelein, Bob (author), Geerlings, Harry (author), van Duin, Ron (author)
The refrigerated (or ‘reefer’) container market grows rapidly. Researchers and sector stakeholders increasingly realize that this container market segment has its distinct dynamics and demands. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the reefer container sector, its most important characteristics and trends, and a systematic review of...
review 2020
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Guo, Y. (author), Zhao, Chunfa (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author), Zhai, Wanming (author)
The discrete element method (DEM) has been confirmed as an effective numerical method for modelling railway ballast, and successfully used to analyse a wide range of ballast-related applications (e.g. geomaterials). However, there still exists some aspects under development. Among them, the model calibration can be the most significant one ...
review 2020
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Putra, N.E. (author), Mirzaali Mazandarani, M. (author), Apachitei, I. (author), Zhou, J. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
The growing interest in multi-functional metallic biomaterials for bone substitutes challenges the current additive manufacturing (AM, =3D printing) technologies. It is foreseeable that advances in multi-material AM for metallic biomaterials will not only allow for complex geometrical designs, but also improve their multi-functionalities by...
review 2020
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Guzzo Falci, Catarina (author), Ngan-Tillard, D.J.M. (author), Hofman, Corinne L. (author), van Gijn, Annelou (author)
In this study, we generate novel insights regarding bodily ornaments from indigenous societies of late precolonial Greater Antilles. Previous research has highlighted the sociopolitical role of valuable, exotic, and figurative ornaments, yet there are many gaps in our current understanding of these artifacts. Here, we focus on ornaments from...
review 2020
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Cuellar, Maria C. (author), Straathof, Adrie J.J. (author)
Downstream processing aims at recovering the target product at the required specifications from the bioreactor effluent. Research and development in this field relies on experimental and mathematical tools at the levels of chemical components, unit operations and processes. Recently, advances have been made in addressing the broth mixture...
review 2020
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Lai, Marco (author), Skyrman, Simon (author), Shan, Caifeng (author), Babic, Drazenko (author), Homan, Robert (author), Edström, Erik (author), Persson, Oscar (author), Burström, Gustav (author), Elmi-Terander, Adrian (author), Hendriks, B.H.W. (author), de With, Peter H.N. (author)
OBJECTIVE: Surgical navigation is a well-established tool in endoscopic skull base surgery. However, navigational and endoscopic views are usually displayed on separate monitors, forcing the surgeon to focus on one or the other. Aiming to provide real-time integration of endoscopic and diagnostic imaging information, we present a new...
review 2020
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