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Zhang, Z. (author), Duan, X. (author), Jia, Dechang (author), Zhou, Y. (author), van der Zwaag, S. (author)
MAX phases are a family of ternary carbide or nitride ceramics possessing a layered crystal structure and, due to their chemical bonds having a mixed covalent-ionic-metallic nature, have unique properties combining those of metals and ceramics. In this review, the formation mechanisms of MAX phases from elemental and compound powders are...
review 2021
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Ilhan, Ilknur (author), Turan, Deniz (author), Gibson, Ian (author), ten Klooster, Roland (author)
Seal area represents the most problematic part in food packaging for controlling the moisture and gas ingress and preserving product quality. Understanding the mechanism of heat sealing, which is a widely used method in flexible packaging, is critical for maintaining product quality throughout the storage and preventing food waste. Likewise,...
review 2021
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Chomba, Innocent C. (author), Banda, Kawawa E. (author), Winsemius, H.C. (author), Chomba, Machaya J. (author), Mataa, Mulema (author), Ngwenya, Victoria (author), Sichingabula, Henry M. (author), Nyambe, Imasiku A. (author), Ellender, Bruce (author)
Floodplain wetlands are a fundamental part of the African continent’s ecosystem and serve as habitat for fish and wildlife species, biodiversity, and micro-organisms that support life. It is generally recognised that wetlands are and remain fragile ecosystems that should be subject to sustainable conservation and management through the use of...
review 2021
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Shakeel, A. (author), Farooq, U. (author), Gabriele, Domenico (author), Marangoni, Alejandro G. (author), Lupi, Francesca R. (author)
Background: Polymeric gels, an important class of soft matter systems, are widely used for commercial applications particularly in food products (i.e., saturated fat replacement). The efficiency of the product for a particular application can be directly linked to its rheological signature. However, the rheological imprint of these structured...
review 2021
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Lussenburg, K.M. (author), Sakes, A. (author), Breedveld, P. (author)
Additive Manufacturing (AM) or 3D printing has enabled the production of increasingly complex parts that are difficult to produce with conventional manufacturing methods. Its additive nature has made it possible to create interlocking parts in a single production step. This creates opportunities for new ways of designing and producing...
review 2021
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Koosheh, Ali (author), Etemad-Shahidi, Amir (author), Cartwright, Nick (author), Tomlinson, Rodger (author), van Gent, M.R.A. (author)
Conventionally, allowable mean overtopping discharge is used as a design criterion for coastal structures. The mean overtopping discharge needs to be limited to ensure structural stability as well as the safety of people, vehicles, and properties behind the structure. Nowadays, limits for the maximum individual overtopping volumes are also...
review 2021
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Alagumalai, Avinash (author), Mahian, Omid (author), Hollmann, F. (author), Zhang, Wuyuan (author)
Versatile bio-derived catalysts have been under dynamic investigation as potential substitutes to conventional chemical catalysts for sustainable biodiesel production. This is because of their unique, low-cost benefits and production processes that are environmentally and economically acceptable. This critical review aspires to present a...
review 2021
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Estevez Alonso, A. (author), Pei, R. (author), van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M. (author), Kleerebezem, R. (author), Werker, A. (author)
Conversion of organic waste and wastewater to polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) offers a potential to recover valuable resources from organic waste. Microbial community-based PHA production systems have been successfully applied in the last decade at lab- and pilot-scales, with a total of 19 pilot installations reported in the scientific...
review 2021
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Di Mascio, S. (author), Menicucci, A. (author), Gill, E.K.A. (author), Furano, Gianluca (author), Monteleone, Claudio (author)
This paper discusses principles and techniques to evaluate processors for dependable computing in space applications. The focus is on soft errors, which dominate the failure rate of processors in space. Error, failure and propagation models from literature are selected and employed to estimate the failure rate due to soft errors in typical...
review 2021
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Tsui, T.P.Y. (author), Peck, David (author), Geldermans, Bob (author), van Timmeren, A. (author)
In recent years, implementing a circular economy in cities (or “circular cities”) has been proposed by policy makers as a potential solution for achieving sustainability. One strategy for circular cities is to reintroduce manufacturing into urban areas (or “urban manufacturing”), allowing resource flows to be localized at the city scale. However...
review 2021
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Alampalli, Sreenivas (author), Frangopol, Dan M. (author), Grimson, Jesse (author), Halling, Marvin W. (author), Kosnik, David E. (author), Lantsoght, E.O.L. (author), Yang, David (author), Zhou, Y. Edward (author)
Bridge load testing can answer a variety of questions about bridge behavior that cannot be answered otherwise. The current governing codes and guidelines for bridge load testing in the United States are the 1998 NCHRP Manual for Bridge Rating through Load Testing and Chapter 8 of the AASHTO Manual for Bridge Evaluation. Over the last two...
review 2021
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Tonne, Cathryn (author), Adair, Linda (author), Adlakha, Deepti (author), Anguelovski, Isabelle (author), Belesova, Kristine (author), Berger, Maximilian (author), Brelsford, Christa (author), Dadvand, Payam (author), van Wee, G.P. (author)
Goals and pathways to achieve sustainable urban development have multiple interlinkages with human health and wellbeing. However, these interlinkages have not been examined in depth in recent discussions on urban sustainability and global urban science. This paper fills that gap by elaborating in detail the multiple links between urban...
review 2021
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Hassan, L. K. (author), Santos, Bruno F. (author), Vink, J. (author)
Airline disruption management is an active field of research. In recent years, there has been an increase in publications, in particular, in of works integrating two or more resources (i.e., aircraft, crew, passengers) in the recovery analysis. Given that more than 50% of the papers have been published after the last literature review paper ...
review 2021
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Zhang, Yuquan (author), Min, Changjun (author), Dou, X. (author), Wang, Xianyou (author), Urbach, Paul (author), Somekh, Michael G. (author), Yuan, Xiaocong (author)
Optical tweezers and associated manipulation tools in the far field have had a major impact on scientific and engineering research by offering precise manipulation of small objects. More recently, the possibility of performing manipulation with surface plasmons has opened opportunities not feasible with conventional far-field optical methods....
review 2021
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Miranda, Adelaide (author), Gómez-Varela, Ana I. (author), Stylianou, Andreas (author), Hirvonen, Liisa M. (author), Sanchez González, H. (author), De Beule, Pieter A.A. (author)
With the invention of the Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) in 1986 and the subsequent developments in liquid imaging and cellular imaging it became possible to study the topography of cellular specimens under nearly physiological conditions with nanometric resolution. The application of AFM to biological research was further expanded with the...
review 2021
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Wu, J. (author), Sigmund, Ole (author), Groen, Jeroen P. (author)
Multi-scale structures, as found in nature (e.g., bone and bamboo), hold the promise of achieving superior performance while being intrinsically lightweight, robust, and multi-functional. Recent years have seen a rapid development in topology optimization approaches for designing multi-scale structures, but the field actually dates back to...
review 2021
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Sharifian, R. (author), Wagterveld, R.M. (author), Digdaya, I.A. (author), Xiang, C. (author), Vermaas, D.A. (author)
Electrochemical CO2 capture technologies are gaining attention due to their flexibility, their ability to address decentralized emissions (e.g., ocean and atmosphere) and their fit in an electrified industry. In the present work, recent progress made in electrochemical CO2 capture is reviewed. The majority of these methods rely on the concept of...
review 2021
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Xu, Shuai (author), Rwei, A.Y. (author), Vwalika, Bellington (author), Chisembele, Maureen P. (author), Stringer, Jeffrey S.A. (author), Ginsburg, Amy Sarah (author), Rogers, John A. (author)
Globally, neonatal mortality remains unacceptability high. Physiological monitoring is foundational to the care of these vulnerable patients to assess neonatal cardiopulmonary status, guide medical intervention, and determine readiness for safe discharge. However, most existing physiological monitoring systems require multiple electrodes and...
review 2021
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Birnie, Anthony (author), Dekker, C. (author)
Chromosome structure and dynamics are essential for life, as the way that our genomes are spatially organized within cells is crucial for gene expression, differentiation, and genome transfer to daughter cells. There is a wide variety of methods available to study chromosomes, ranging from live-cell studies to single-molecule biophysics,...
review 2021
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Lerner, Eitan (author), Barth, A. (author), Hendrix, Jelle (author), Ambrose, Benjamin (author), Birkedal, Victoria (author), Blanchard, Scott C. (author), Börner, Richard (author), Joo, C. (author), Lee, Tae Hee (author)
Single-molecule FRET (smFRET) has become a mainstream technique for studying biomolecular structural dynamics. The rapid and wide adoption of smFRET experiments by an ever- increasing number of groups has generated significant progress in sample preparation, measurement procedures, data analysis, algorithms and documentation. Several labs...
review 2021
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