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Borra, C.R. (author), Vlugt, T.J.H. (author), Spooren, Jeroen (author), Nielsen, Lars Peter (author), Yang, Y. (author), Offerman, S.E. (author)
) is its use in glass polishing. About 16,000 tonnes of rare earth oxides, which is about 10% of total rare earth production, are used for polishing applications. The waste generated in glass polishing contains rare earths, along with other impurities. In this study, two different glass...
journal article 2019
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Yang, Y. (author), Walton, A (author), Sheridan, R. (author), Güth, K. (author), Gauß, R. (author), Gutfleisch, O (author), Buchert, M (author), Steenari, B-M, (author), Van Gerven, T (author), Jones, PT (author), Binnemans, K (author)
NdFeB permanent magnets have different life cycles, depending on the applications: from as short as 2–3 years in consumer electronics to 20–30 years in wind turbines. The size of the magnets ranges from less than 1 g in small consumer electronics to about 1 kg in electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid and electric vehicles (HEVs), and can be as...
journal article 2017