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Burek, Bastien O. (author), Bormann, S (author), Hollmann, F. (author), Bloh, Jonathan Z. (author), Holtmann, Dirk (author)
in chemical processes more and more enzymatic syntheses based on hydrogen peroxide were developed....
review 2019
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Adusei-Gyamfi, Junias (author), Ouddane, Baghdad (author), Rietveld, L.C. (author), Cornard, Jean Paul (author), Criquet, Justine (author)
The quality and quantity of natural organic matter (NOM) has been observed to evolve which poses challenges to water treatment facilities. Even though NOM may not be toxic itself, its presence in water has aesthetic effects, enhances biological growth in distribution networks, binds with pollutants and controls the bioavailability of trace...
review 2019
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Schrijvers, Jim (author), van den Noort, Josien C. (author), van der Esch, Martin (author), Dekker, Joost (author), Harlaar, J. (author)
Background: Instability of the knee joint during gait is frequently reported by patients with knee osteoarthritis or an anterior cruciate ligament rupture. The assessment of instability in clinical practice and clinical research studies mainly relies on self-reporting. Alternatively, parameters measured with gait analysis have been explored...
review 2019
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Saadabadi, S.A. (author), Thallam Thattai, A. (author), Fan, L. (author), Lindeboom, R.E.F. (author), Spanjers, H. (author), Purushothaman Vellayani, P.V. (author)
Anaerobic Digestion (AD) is used worldwide for treating organic waste and wastewater. Biogas produced can be converted using conventional energy conversion devices to provide energy efficient, integrated waste solutions. Typically, the electrical conversion-efficiency of these devices is 30–40% and is lowered due to biogas utilization instead...
review 2019
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Gotor-Fernández, Vicente (author), Paul, C.E. (author)
Deep eutectic solvents (DES) are a class of neoteric solvents used in multiple applications amongst which biocatalytic processes. Due to its simple preparation, low cost and inherent biodegradable properties, its use as a non-volatile biocompatible co-solvent with both whole cells and isolated enzymes has displayed increased enzyme activity...
review 2019
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Guarneri, A. (author), van Berkel, Willem (author), Paul, C.E. (author)
Coenzymes are ubiquitous in Nature, assisting in enzyme-catalysed reactions. Several coenzymes, nicotinamides and flavins, have been known for close to a century, whereas variations of those organic molecules have more recently come to light. In general, the requirement of these coenzymes imposes certain constraints for in vitro enzyme use in...
review 2019
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Vendel, K.J.A. (author), Tschirpke, S. (author), Shamsi, F. (author), Dogterom, A.M. (author), Laan, L. (author)
Cell polarity - the morphological and functional differentiation of cellular compartments in a directional manner - is required for processes such as orientation of cell division, directed cellular growth and motility. How the interplay of components within the complexity of a cell leads to cell polarity is still heavily debated. In this...
review 2019
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Bocken, N.M.P. (author), Strupeit, Lars (author), Whalen, Katherine (author), Nußholz, Julia (author)
The circular economy has been heralded as a potential driver for sustainable development by business, academia, and policymakers. In a future circular economy, new business models are needed that slow, close and narrow resource loops to address key resource and climate challenges. After a phase of excitement and inspiration, an...
review 2019
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Sarkiri, Maria (author), Fox, Stephan C. (author), Fratila-Apachitei, E.L. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
Clinical use of bioengineered skin in reconstructive surgery has been established for more than 30 years. The limitations and ethical considerations regarding the use of animal models have expanded the application of bioengineered skin in the areas of disease modeling and drug screening. These skin models should represent the anatomical and...
review 2019
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Nuijens, Louise (author), Siebesma, A.P. (author)
Purpose of Review: We review our understanding of mechanisms underlying the response of (sub)tropical clouds to global warming, highlight mechanisms that challenge our understanding, and discuss simulation strategies that tackle them. Recent Findings: Turbulence-resolving models and emergent constraints provide probable evidence, supported by...
review 2019
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Maier, H. R. (author), Razavi, SF (author), Kapelan, Z. (author), Matott, L. S. (author), Kasprzyk, J (author), Tolson, B. A. (author)
Environmental models are used extensively to evaluate the effectiveness of a range of design, planning, operational, management and policy options. However, the number of options that can be evaluated manually is generally limited, making it difficult to identify the most suitable options to consider in decision-making processes. By linking...
review 2019
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Shakeel, A. (author), Farooq, Ujala (author), Iqbal, Tanveer (author), Yasin, Saima (author), Lupi, Francesca R. (author), Gabriele, Domenico (author)
Bigels are interesting semisolid formulations with better properties for different applications such as cosmetics and pharmaceutical systems. Due to the mixing of two phases of different nature (polar and apolar), bigels possess some interesting features like ability to deliver hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs, better spreadability and water...
review 2019
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Zhou, Y. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Vellinga, T. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
The importance of maritime transport keeps increasing with the trade globalization. With the growing demand for waterborne transport, vessel traffic flows are also expected to increase. This paper reviews maritime traffic models from the vessel behavior modeling perspective. The maritime traffic models include the models for vessel traffic both...
review 2019
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Guo, Y. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Zhang, X. (author), Qiang, Weile (author), Jing, Guoquig (author)
The performance and deformation of ballast bed are significantly influenced by the particle morphology (size and shape), the rheology (translation and rotation), and the degradation (breakage and abrasion). Regarding the ballast particle morphology, the ballast particle size is generally measured by sieving and described with the Particle Size...
review 2019
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Idema, T. (author), Kraft, Daniela J. (author)
Protein inclusions in the membranes of living cells interact via the deformations they impose on that membrane. Such membrane-mediated interactions lead to sorting and self-assembly of the inclusions, as well as to membrane remodelling, crucial for many biological processes. For the past decades, theory, numerical calculations and experiments...
review 2019
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Scharenborg, O.E. (author), van Os, Marjolein (author)
There is ample evidence that recognising words in a non-native language is more difficult than in a native language, even for those with a high proficiency in the non-native language involved, and particularly in the presence of background noise. Why is this the case? To answer this question, this paper provides a systematic review of the...
review 2019
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Malgoezar, A.M.N. (author), Alves Vieira, A.E. (author), Snellen, M. (author), Simons, D.G. (author), Veldhuis, L.L.M. (author)
Ducted propellers are an interesting design choice for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) concepts due to a potential increase of the propeller efficiency. In such designs, it is commonly assumed that introducing the duct also results in an overall noise reduction. The objective of this work is to experimentally analyze and quantify noise of a...
review 2019
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Guerra, Carlos A. (author), Pendleton, L. (author), Drakou, E.G. (author), Proença, Vânia (author), Appeltans, W. (author), Domingos, Tiago (author), Geller, Gary (author), Giamberini, Silvia (author), Ziemba, A.M. (author), More Authors (author)
To account for progress towards conservation targets, monitoring systems should capture not only information on biodiversity but also knowledge on the dynamics of ecological processes and the related effects on human well-being. Protected areas represent complex social-ecological systems with strong human-nature interactions. They are able to...
review 2019
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de Jonge, Christa P. (author), Kolken, H.M.A. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
The concept of "mechanical metamaterials" has become increasingly popular, since their macro-scale characteristics can be designed to exhibit unusual combinations of mechanical properties on the micro-scale. The advances in additive manufacturing (AM, three-dimensional printing) techniques have boosted the fabrication of these mechanical...
review 2019
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Suresh Kumar, P. (author), Korving, Leon (author), van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M. (author), Witkamp, G.J. (author)
Eutrophication and the resulting formation of harmful algal blooms (HAB) causes huge economic and environmental damages. Phosphorus (P) from sewage effluent and agricultural run-off has been identified as a major cause for eutrophication. Phosphorous concentrations greater than 100 μg P/L are usually considered high enough to cause...
review 2019
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