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Nuijens, Louise (author), Siebesma, A.P. (author)
Purpose of Review: We review our understanding of mechanisms underlying the response of (sub)tropical clouds to global warming, highlight mechanisms that challenge our understanding, and discuss simulation strategies that tackle them. Recent Findings: Turbulence-resolving models and emergent constraints provide probable evidence, supported by...
review 2019
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Schrijvers, Jim (author), van den Noort, Josien C. (author), van der Esch, Martin (author), Dekker, Joost (author), Harlaar, J. (author)
Background: Instability of the knee joint during gait is frequently reported by patients with knee osteoarthritis or an anterior cruciate ligament rupture. The assessment of instability in clinical practice and clinical research studies mainly relies on self-reporting. Alternatively, parameters measured with gait analysis have been explored...
review 2019
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Maier, H. R. (author), Razavi, SF (author), Kapelan, Z. (author), Matott, L. S. (author), Kasprzyk, J (author), Tolson, B. A. (author)
Environmental models are used extensively to evaluate the effectiveness of a range of design, planning, operational, management and policy options. However, the number of options that can be evaluated manually is generally limited, making it difficult to identify the most suitable options to consider in decision-making processes. By linking...
review 2019
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Vester, Marloes E.M. (author), Bilo, Rob A. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author), van Rijn, Rick R. (author), van Zandwijk, Jan Peter (author)
Inflicted blunt force trauma and/or repetitive acceleration-deceleration trauma in infants can cause brain injury. Yet, the exact pathophysiologic mechanism with its associated thresholds remains unclear. In this systematic review an overview of animal models for shaking trauma and their findings on tissue damage will be provided. A...
review 2019
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Paul, Suvash Chandra (author), Mbewe, Peter B. K. (author), Kong, Sih Ying (author), Šavija, B. (author)
Concrete production utilizes cement as its major ingredient. Cement production is an important consumer of natural resources and energy. Furthermore, the cement industry is a significant CO2 producer. To reduce the environmental impact of concrete production, supplementary cementitious materials such as fly ash, blast furnace slag, and silica...
review 2019
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Adusei-Gyamfi, Junias (author), Ouddane, Baghdad (author), Rietveld, L.C. (author), Cornard, Jean Paul (author), Criquet, Justine (author)
The quality and quantity of natural organic matter (NOM) has been observed to evolve which poses challenges to water treatment facilities. Even though NOM may not be toxic itself, its presence in water has aesthetic effects, enhances biological growth in distribution networks, binds with pollutants and controls the bioavailability of trace...
review 2019
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Vilhunen, Tuuli (author), Kojo, Matti (author), Litmanen, Tapio (author), Taebi, B. (author)
Final disposal of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) from nuclear power plants (NPPs) is an ethical issue with implications within and across generations. We address this issue from the perspective of nuclear communities that host nuclear waste disposal sites. These are primarily the communities that face injustice due to the potential radiological...
review 2019
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Intriago Zambrano, J.C. (author), Michavila, Jaime (author), Arenas, Eva (author), Diehl, J.C. (author), Ertsen, M.W. (author)
Water pumping systems driven by renewable energies are more environmentally sound and, at times, less expensive alternatives to electric- or diesel-based ones. From these, hydro-powered pumps have further advantages. Nevertheless, these seem to be largely ignored nowadays. More than 800 scientific and nonscientific documents contributed to...
review 2019
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Saadabadi, S.A. (author), Thallam Thattai, A. (author), Fan, L. (author), Lindeboom, R.E.F. (author), Spanjers, H. (author), Aravind, P.V. (author)
Anaerobic Digestion (AD) is used worldwide for treating organic waste and wastewater. Biogas produced can be converted using conventional energy conversion devices to provide energy efficient, integrated waste solutions. Typically, the electrical conversion-efficiency of these devices is 30–40% and is lowered due to biogas utilization instead...
review 2019
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van Zandwijk, Jan Peter (author), Vester, Marloes E.M. (author), Bilo, Rob A. (author), van Rijn, Rick R. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author)
Various types of complex biomechanical models have been published in the literature to better understand processes related to inflicted head injury by shaking trauma (IHI-ST) in infants. In this systematic review, a comprehensive overview of these models is provided. A systematic review was performed in MEDLINE and Scopus for articles using...
review 2019
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Shakeel, A. (author), Farooq, Ujala (author), Iqbal, Tanveer (author), Yasin, Saima (author), Lupi, Francesca R. (author), Gabriele, Domenico (author)
Bigels are interesting semisolid formulations with better properties for different applications such as cosmetics and pharmaceutical systems. Due to the mixing of two phases of different nature (polar and apolar), bigels possess some interesting features like ability to deliver hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs, better spreadability and water...
review 2019
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van Thoor, M.T.A. (author)
The Rietveld Schröder House (1924) in Utrecht is the only private home among the ten UNE SCO World Heritage sites in the Netherlands. In 1987 it was opened to the public as a museum house and since 2013 it has been part of the collection of Utrecht's Centraal Museum. The world-famous house was designed by the architect Gerrit T. Rietveld ...
review 2019
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Guerra, Carlos A. (author), Pendleton, L. (author), Drakou, E.G. (author), Proença, Vânia (author), Appeltans, W. (author), Domingos, Tiago (author), Geller, Gary (author), Giamberini, Silvia (author), Ziemba, A.M. (author), More Authors (author)
To account for progress towards conservation targets, monitoring systems should capture not only information on biodiversity but also knowledge on the dynamics of ecological processes and the related effects on human well-being. Protected areas represent complex social-ecological systems with strong human-nature interactions. They are able to...
review 2019
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Sand, M. (author), Bredenoord, Annelien L. (author), Jongsma, Karin Rolanda (author)
The world has been startled by the irresponsible experiment of He Jiankui, who used CRISPR to genetically modify human embryos. In this viewpoint, we explore the phenomenon of moral luck in medicine and its bearing on the limits of simple judgements of the kind “everything that ends well is well” or “someone broke the rules, and is therefore...
review 2019
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Gilvari, H. (author), de Jong, W. (author), Schott, D.L. (author)
Densification has been carried out for many years, mostly in biomass processing, animal feed production, and pharmaceutical industries. During the years, researchers and engineers attempted to improve the product quality and minimize the production costs. The most important quality parameters of solid bio-materials are the compressive...
review 2019
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Gonzalez Rodriguez, B.J. (author), Rietveld, L.C. (author), Longley, A. J. (author), van Halem, D. (author)
Several surveys have been conducted in Nicaragua between 1996 and 2015 confirming the presence of high levels of arsenic (>10 μg/L). In this paper, these peer-reviewed (n = 2) and non-peer reviewed sources (n = 14) have been combined to provide an extensive overview of the arsenic contamination of drinking water sources in Nicaragua. So...
review 2019
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Zheng, Feifei (author), Tao, Ruoling (author), Maier, H. R. (author), See, Linda (author), Savić, Dragan (author), Zhang, Tuqiao (author), Chen, Qiuwen (author), Assumpção, Thaine H. (author), Solomatine, D.P. (author), More Authors (author)
Data are essential in all areas of geophysics. They are used to better understand and manage systems, either directly or via models. Given the complexity and spatiotemporal variability of geophysical systems (e.g., precipitation), a lack of sufficient data is a perennial problem, which is exacerbated by various drivers, such as climate change...
review 2019
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Poltorak, L. (author), Sudhölter, Ernst J. R. (author), de Puit, M. (author)
In this review, we describe the importance and possible electrochemical screening methods for the illicit drug – cocaine. It covers the detection at bare and modified solid electrodes, soft electrified junctions and nanopore sensing. Emphasis is given on interfacial modification techniques and electroanalytical parameters for cocaine...
review 2019
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Hubbe, H.M.K. (author), Mendes, E. (author), Boukany, P. (author)
Polymer nanowire-related research has shown considerable progress over the last decade. The wide variety of materials and the multitude of well-established chemical modifications have made polymer nanowires interesting as a functional part of a diagnostic biosensing device. This review provides an overview of relevant publications addressing...
review 2019
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Ansari, Mohammad H. (author), van Steensel, Alwin (author), Nazarov, Y.V. (author)
Currently, 'time' does not play any essential role in quantum information theory. In this sense, quantum information theory is underdeveloped similarly to how quantum physics was underdeveloped before Erwin Schrödinger introduced his famous equation for the evolution of a quantum wave function. In this review article, we cope with the problem...
review 2019
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