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Janssen, S.K.H. (author), Hermans, L.M. (author)
Nature-based flood defence (NBFD) by means of vegetated foreshores is an innovative flood protection strategy. In contrasts with traditional hard structures it combines nature and flood protection functions and employs natural dynamics. Introducing such an innovation into actual flood protection projects requires not just proper understanding of...
working paper 2017
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Tammaru, T. (author), Marcinzak, S (author), Aunap, R. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
The aim of this paper is to get new insight into the complex relationship between social inequalities and socioeconomic segregation by undertaking a comparative study North and South European cities. Our main finding shows that during the last global economic cycle from the 1980s through the 2000s, both levels of social inequalities and socio...
working paper 2017
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de Vuijst, E. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
There is a link between the socio-economic outcomes of parents and their children over the life course. Intergenerational transmissions were repeatedly shown for socioeconomic characteristics and (dis)advantage, but recently also for residential neighbourhood status. Previous research from the Netherlands, Sweden, and the US shows that children...
working paper 2017
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Li, X. (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
This paper investigates the place attachment of residents in declining neighbourhoods that are facing demolition in Shenyang, China. Through in-depth interviews with homeowners living in danwei communities, or urban villages, at the pre-demolition phase, this paper reveals the strong connection between place attachment and both positive and...
working paper 2017
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Schipper, H.R. (author), Borg Costanzi, C. (author), Bos, Freek (author), Ahmed, Z (author), Wolfs, R. (author)
It is no secret that there have been some great advances in the realm of concrete additive manufacturing. However, one of the major drawbacks of this fabrication technique is that the elements must be self-supporting during printing. While most other additive manufacturing materials can overcome this by using a secondary printed support...
working paper 2017
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van der Kooij, B.J.G. (author)
Defining Innovation is essential for Innovation Research. However, the available definitions of the notion of innovation found in the increasing scholarly publications, show a large heterogeneity creating confusion and incompatibility. In this paper we analyze the innovation-definitions that emerged after WW-II according their different thinking...
working paper 2017
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van der Kooij, B.J.G. (author)
The General Purpose Technology of Electricity (GPT-E) as a meta-technology has been a driving force of economic growth in the Second Industrial Revolution. Fuelled by inventions (eg the electric motor/dynamo, electric light, telegraph, and telephone), its micro-foundations were the General Purpose Engines (GPE). These GPEs were the basic...
working paper 2017
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van der Kooij, B.J.G. (author)
The unintended economic effect on society as result of individual behaviour —Adam Smith’s ‘Invisible Hand’ of economic progress in the eighteenth century — had its equivalent in technological progress. In the nineteenth century, again individual behaviour with its Acts of Innovation and Acts of Business had an unintended effect. It changed not...
working paper 2017
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van der Kooij, B.J.G. (author)
The concept of the General Purpose Technology (GPT) of the late 1990s is a culmination of many evolutionairy views in innovation-thinking. By definition the GPT considers the technical, social, and economic effects of meta-technologies like steam-technology and electric technology. This paper uses Schumpeter’s concept of ’cluster on innovations’...
working paper 2017
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Vaalavuo, M. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Kauppinen, T.M. (author)
Concentration to disadvantaged neighbourhoods may hinder immigrants’ opportunities for social integration, so equal chances of translating available economic resources into mobility to less disadvantaged neighbourhoods are important. This paper adds to existing research on exits from poor neighbourhoods by focusing on the effects of income...
working paper 2017
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de Vuijst, E. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
In the Netherlands, obtaining a higher education increases the chance to move to a better neighbourhood for native Dutch adults who grew up in a deprived parental neighbourhood.
For non-Western minorities, education does not have this positive effect on socio-spatial mobility. In this study we investigate potential explanations for these...
working paper 2017
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Kleinepier, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
This paper examines ethnic differences in childhood neighborhood disadvantage among children living in the Netherlands. In contrast to more conventional approaches for assessing children’s exposure to neighborhood poverty and affluence (e.g., point-in-time and cumulative measures of exposure), we apply sequence analysis to simultaneously capture...
working paper 2017
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van Ham, M. (author), Tammaru, T. (author), de Vuijst, E. (author), Zwiers, M.D. (author)
Income inequality is increasing in European cities and this rising inequality has a spatial footprint in cities and neighbourhoods. Poor and rich people are increasingly living separated and this can threaten the social sustainability of cities. Low income people, often with an ethnic minority background, can get cut off from important social...
working paper 2016
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de Vuijst, E. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author)
Many theories on so-called neighbourhood effects – effects of the residential context on individual outcomes such as employment, education, and health – implicitly, or explicitly suggest lagged effects, duration effects, or for example, intergenerational effects of neighbourhoods. However, these temporal dimensions of neighbourhood effects...
working paper 2016
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Palomares Linares, M.I. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
The Spanish labour market is characterised by high levels of unemployment, which have increased during the global economic crisis. Spain is also a country which is characterised by a very high percentage of homeownership, with more than 83% of households being owner-occupiers. Both regional levels of unemployment and homeownership are known to...
working paper 2016
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Zwiers, M.D. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Manley, D.J. (author)
Western cities are increasingly ethnically diverse and in most cities the share of ethnic minorities is growing. Studies analyzing changing ethnic geographies often limit their analysis to changes in ethnic concentrations in neighborhoods between two points in time. Such a static approach limits our understanding of pathways of ethnic...
working paper 2016
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Ubarevičienė, Ruta (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Since the 1990s, Lithuania lost almost a quarter of its population, and some regions within the country lost more than 50% of their residents. Such a sharp population decline poses major challenges to politicians, policy makers and planners. This study aims to get more insight into the recent processes of socio-spatial change and the role of...
working paper 2016
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Kamenik, K. (author), Tammaru, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
This paper takes a domains approach to understanding ethnic segregation; ethnic segregation occurs in different ways in different domains (such as the residential neighbourhood, workplaces, leisure, etc.). Where most studies focus on residential segregation, this study focusses on ethnic segregation during leisure time. We investigate the most...
working paper 2016
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Li, X. (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Neoliberal politics in China have changed the roles of, and the interrelationships between, the state, the market and society in urban restructuring. Since 2008, the central state has initiated the Shantytown Redevelopment Projects (SRPs) to improve the living conditions of low-income residents. Between 2008 and 2012, about 12.6 million...
working paper 2016
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Li, X. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author)
Despite the massive forced relocation of residents during urban restructuring in China, there are no systematic studies on how residents undergo the process. Most studies concerning urban restructuring in China directly equate forced relocation with displacement, which has a negative connotation. This negative view overlooks the multifaceted...
working paper 2016
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