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Schnell, T. (author), Geiselman, E. (author), Simpson, B. (author), Williams, H. (author)
Historically, the objective of new technology development has been to enhance pilot performance (such as situation awareness) without causing problems such as Spatial Disorientation (SD). However, when improperly designed or poorly integrated, such technologies may actually reduce performance and increase the likelihood of unintended...
conference paper 2019
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Eißfeldt, H. (author), Vogelpohl, V. (author)
Drones are becoming ever more present in public perception. Ranging from parcel delivery to wildlife protection, from precision farming to law enforcement, and from industrial inspection to digital fireworks, many applications are said to have marketchanging potential. Against this background, nations and institutions around the world are trying...
conference paper 2019
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Decker, A.G. (author), Mott, J.H. (author), Connor, R.J. (author), Habib, A. (author), Bullock, D.M. (author)
Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) have the potential to drastically change how civil infrastructure is inspected, monitored, and managed. Deployment of UAS in areas such as bridge inspection and accident reconstruction will likely have far-reaching impacts and evolve over time, with new uses and users emerging as technology matures. However, with...
conference paper 2019
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Prinzel, L. (author), Ellis, K. (author), Ballard, K. (author), Lake, R. (author), Nicholas, S. (author), Arthur, T. (author), Kiggins, D. (author)
A Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) study of 18 worldwide loss-ofcontrol accidents and incidents determined that the lack of external visual references was associated with a flight crew’s loss of attitude awareness or energy state awareness in 17 of these events. CAST recommended development and implementation of virtual day-Visual...
conference paper 2019
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Probert, K. (author), Dyre, B.P. (author), Hollands, J.G. (author), Beaudoin, T. (author), Maceda, E. (author)
An operationally-significant number of Griffon aircrew in the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) develop chronic neck pain; however, it is unclear how this chronic pain affects their ability to accomplish their missions. Extant literature on pain and human performance has found that pain can negatively affect tasks constrained by short-term memory...
conference paper 2019
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Nuñez, B. (author), López, C. (author), Velazquez, J. (author), Mora, O.A. (author), Román, K. (author)
The greater part of aviation accidents is often attributed to human error, with flight crew performance accounting for the majority of these mishaps. In 2016, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) published a rule to address pilot professionalism and to increase the likelihood that aviators adhere to standard procedures and prevent behavior...
conference paper 2019
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Rudin-Brown, C. (author), Rosberg, A. (author), Krukowski, D. (author)
Performance decrements associated with fatigue are significant risk factors of occupational, motor vehicle, and aviation accidents. The substantial number of recent aviation occurrences involving aircrew fatigue and the slow progress of related rulemaking prompted the TSB to include fatigue management on its 2018 Watchlist of key safety issues....
conference paper 2019
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Matton, N. (author), Gotteland, J-B. (author), Granger, G. (author), Durand, N. (author)
Dynamic spatial ability is supposed to be involved in a critical process of air traffic controllers, namely conflict detection. The present paper aims at testing whether dynamic spatial ability improves with air traffic control training and/or experience. We designed a laboratory task to assess the performance in predicting if two moving disks...
conference paper 2019
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Dattel, A.R. (author), Babin, A.K. (author), Teodorovic, S. (author), Brooks, J. (author), Pruksaritanon, S. (author), Shetty, P. (author)
Situation awareness (SA) and flight performance may be intrinsically connected. Good SA can lead to good aeronautical decision making, and consequently better flight performance. Forty-three pilots participated in the study. Participants completed personality tests, a test of fluid intelligence, and a test for working memory. Participants flew a...
conference paper 2019
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Canzonetta, D.J. (author), Miller, M.E. (author)
The current research sought to identify a method to calculate agent response time (ART) as a function of inter-arrival time (IAT), which balances human-agent team performance, human engagement, and human workload. A human-in-theloop experiment evaluated human-agent team performance, as measured by team score, human engagement, as measured by the...
conference paper 2019
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Jones, A. (author), Peters, N.S. (author)
The primary focus of this work is in exploring human teaming dynamics within goal-oriented communication alignments tasks. A communication alignment task within the context of this work is one in which two teammates have the exact same target information, but from differing perspectives and must communicate in an effort to align their knowledge...
conference paper 2019
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The International Symposium on Aviation Psychology is convened for the purposes of: presenting the latest research on human performance problems and opportunities within aviation systems; envisioning design solutions that best utilize human capabilities for creating safe and efficient aviation systems; and bringing together scientists, research...
conference 2019
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Entzinger, J.O. (author)
In this paper, we propose the analysis of various measures of eye and heart-rate data in addition to the flown trajectories and landing result, to get a better understanding of a trainee’s learning phase and optimize the time spent on and exercises used for the flare training. A problem often experienced is that the trainee knows what to do and...
conference paper 2019
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Sarmiento Mejia, O. (author)
conference paper 2019
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Wickens, C.D. (author), Dempsey, G. (author), Pringle, A. (author), Kazansky, L. (author), Hutka, S. (author)
This paper describes the design and model based evaluation of DARSAD, an augmented reality head mounted display for the joint tactical air controller (JTAC), who manages and directs fire from air assets near the battlefield. Designs, based on 6 principles of attention, memory and information processing are produced for various phases of JTAC...
conference paper 2019
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Schmid, D. (author), Stanton, N.A. (author)
Single Pilot Operations (SPO) represent a viable concept for commercial aviation in near future. It will require different training regimes to contemporary airliners’ pilots because the single-pilot’s and remote operator’s (including the dispatcher’s) responsibilities and accompanying procedures will change, both in air and on ground. This...
conference paper 2019
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Van Benthem, C. (author), Shanahan, C. (author), Ma, C. (author), Fraser, A. (author), Herdman, C.M. (author)
Prospective memory is essential for flight, where failures can result in incorrect flight control settings, leading to loss of life and equipment. Furthermore, prospective memory is highly-sensitive to pilot age, cognition, and experience. This research reports on the relation of the NASA Multi-Attribute Test Battery-II (MATB-II) to prospective...
conference paper 2019
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Smith, K.M. (author)
Discussed are three theories: 1) Baysian probability theory, 2) signal detection theory, and 3) operational decision theory. To combine the three is to come to an understanding of how one can operate effectively in complex environments. Complex environments present unique challenges from a human performance perspective. They require applying...
conference paper 2019
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Several checklist-based methods have been proposed to help pilots manage startle in unexpected situations. In the current experiment, we tested how pilots reacted to using such a method, which featured the mnemonic COOL: Calm down – Observe – Outline – Lead. Using a motion-based simulator outfitted with a non-linear aerodynamic model of a small...
conference paper 2019
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Reitsma, J.P. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
The glass cockpit and EFB enable new ways of information presentation and interaction on the flight deck of modern commercial jets. This information supports crews in flight plan management, which essentially entails evaluating the plan against (ever-changing) flight constraints and, if necessary, modifying it. Flight constraints emerge from the...
conference paper 2019
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