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Burchard, H. (author), Schuttelaars, H.M. (author), Rockwell Geyer, W. (author)
In this idealized numerical modeling study, the composition of residual sediment fluxes in energetic (e.g., weakly or periodically stratified) tidal estuaries is investigated by means of one-dimensional water column models, with some focus on the sediment availability. Scaling of the underlying dynamic equations shows dependence of the results...
journal article 2013
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Derakhshani, S.M. (author), Schott, D.L. (author), Lodewijks, G. (author)
Dust emissions can have significant effects on the human health, environment and industry equipment. Understanding the dust generation process helps to select a suitable dust preventing approach and also is useful to evaluate the environmental impact of dust emission. To describe these processes, numerical methods such as Computational Fluid...
conference paper 2013
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Ferrari, S. (author), Badas, M.G. (author), Besalduch, L.A. (author), Querzoli, G. (author)
We present a novel algorithm, namely Feature Tracking Velocimetry (FTV), which is less sensitive to the appearance and disappearance of particles and to high velocity gradients than classical Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The basic idea of FTV is to compare windows only where the motion detection may be successful, that is where there are...
conference paper 2013
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Shekhar, C. (author), Nishino, K. (author), Iso, Y. (author)
The turbulence dissipation rate and turbulence shear stress are estimated inside a cylindrical, stirred flow mixer by carrying out Stereo PIV measurements in twelve vertical and three horizontal planes. The flow domain is vertically oriented, filled with the water. A commercially-available, three-blade impeller, HR-100, is used as the agitator....
conference paper 2013
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Van der Veen, G.J. (author)
In the next decades wind energy is expected to secure a firm share of the total energy production capacity in many countries. To increase competitiveness of wind power with other power sources it is essential to lower the cost of wind energy. Given the design of a turbine, this objective can be attained in several ways, for instance by...
doctoral thesis 2013
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Violato, D. (author), Scarano, F. (author)
The three-dimensional behavior of jet core breakdown is investigated with experiments conducted on a free water jet at Re = 5000 by time-resolved tomographic particle image velocimetry (TR-TOMO PIV). The investigated domain encompasses the range between 0 and 10 jet diameters. The characteristic pulsatile motion of vortex ring shedding and...
journal article 2013
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Lay-Ekuakille, A. (author), Palamara, I. (author), Caratelli, D. (author), Morabito, F.C. (author)
Subterranean waters are often polluted by industrial and anthropic effluents that are drained in subsoil. To prevent and control pollution, legislations of different developed countries require an online monitoring measurement, especially for detecting organic solvents (chlorinated and unchlorinated ones). Online measurements include both real...
journal article 2013
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Eckhardt, B.E. (author)
The study of the transition to turbulence in parallel shear flows without linear instability of the laminar profile has profited immensely from the application of dynamical systems ideas. Studies of the transition in plane Couette flow and pipe flow, in particular, have shown that the transition is connected with the appearance of 3-d coherent...
journal article 2012
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Winterwerp, J.C. (author), Van Kesteren, W.G.M. (author), Van Prooijen, B.C. (author), Jacobs, W. (author)
This paper proposes a conceptual framework for erosion of cohesive sediment beds. We focus on cohesive beds, distinguishing between floc erosion, surface erosion, and mass erosion. By (our) definition, surface erosion is a drained soil mechanical process, whereas mass erosion occurs under undrained conditions. The eroding shear stress is modeled...
journal article 2012
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Harleman, M.J.W. (author)
Previous research has shown that the addition of gas bubbles to a turbulent boundary layer in water can reduce the local skin-friction drag by up to 80%. Application of this technique to ships seems promising, but to date no significant drag reductions are obtained on full-scale ships. More knowledge about the drag reduction mechanism is...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Dijkstra, J.T. (author)
Aquatic plants –or macrophytes- are an important part of coastal, estuarine and freshwater ecosystems worldwide, both from an ecological and an engineering viewpoint. Their meadows provide a wide range of ecosystem services: forming a physical protection of the shoreline, enhancing water quality and harbouring many other organisms. Unfortunately...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Sathe, A.R. (author)
Variations in wind conditions influence the loads on wind turbines significantly. In order to determine these loads it is important that the external conditions are well understood. Wind lidars are well developed nowadays to measure wind profiles upwards from the surface. But how turbulence can be measured using lidars has not yet been...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Breugem, W.A. (author)
Two experiments are performed in order to investigate suspended sediment transport in a turbulent open channel flow. The first experiment used particle image velocimetry (PIV) to measure the fluid velocity with a high spatial resolution, while particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) was used to measure the velocity of individual sediment particles....
doctoral thesis 2012
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Trip, R. (author), Kuik, D.J. (author), Westerweel, J. (author), Poelma, C. (author)
The transitional regime of a sinusoidal pulsatile flow in a straight, rigid pipe is investigated using particle image velocimetry. The main aim is to investigate how the critical Reynolds number is affected by different pulsatile conditions, expressed as the Womersley number and the oscillatory Reynolds number. The transition occurs in the...
journal article 2012
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Violato, D. (author), Scarano, F. (author)
The three-dimensional behavior of flow transition in circular and 6-chevron jets at Re?=?5000 is investigated with experiments conducted on a free water jet by time-resolved tomographic particle image velocimetry. The emphasis is on the unsteady organization of coherent flow structures, which play a role in the generation of acoustic noise....
journal article 2011
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Koschatzky, V. (author)
This thesis deals with the problem of noise. Sound is a constant presence in our lives. Most of the times it is something wanted and it serves a purpose, such as communication through speech or entertainment by listening to music. On the other hand, quite often sound is an annoying and unwanted by-product of some other activity necessary to us....
doctoral thesis 2011
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Kuik, D.J. (author)
In this thesis the transition to turbulence in pipe flow is investigated. At low Reynolds numbers, the flow returns to the laminar state spontaneously. At high Reynolds number a small perturbation causes the flow to suddenly become turbulent. In the intermediate regime localized turbulence is observed. This regime is investigated using...
doctoral thesis 2011
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Sathe, A. (author), Mann, J. (author), Gottschall, J. (author), Courtney, M.S. (author)
Modeling of the systematic errors in the second-order moments of wind speeds measured by continuouswave (ZephIR) and pulsed (WindCube) lidars is presented. These lidars use the conical scanning technique to measure the velocity field. The model captures the effect of volume illumination and conical scanning. The predictions are compared with the...
journal article 2011
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Kenjeres, S. (author)
Motivated by the concept of interdependency of turbulent flow and electromagnetic fields inside the spiraling galaxies, we explored the possibilities of generating a localized Lorentz force that will produce a three-dimensional swirling flow in weakly conductive fluids. Multiple vortical flow patterns were generated by combining arrays of...
journal article 2011
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Dijkstra, J.T. (author), Uittenbogaard, R.E. (author)
Aquatic vegetation has an important role in estuaries and rivers by acting as bed stabilizer, filter, food source and nursing area. However, macrophyte populations worldwide are under high anthropogenic pressure. Protection and restoration efforts will benefit from more insight into the interaction between vegetation, currents, waves and...
journal article 2010
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