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Wang, S. (author), Zhang, Ke (author), van Beek, Ludovicus P.H. (author), Tian, X. (author), Bogaard, T.A. (author)
Rainfall-triggered shallow landslides are widespread natural hazards around the world, causing many damages to human lives and property. In this study, we focused on predicting landslides in a large region by coupling a 1 km-resolution hydrological model and a 90 m-resolution slope stability model, where a downscaling method for soil moisture...
journal article 2020
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Le, Hoang-Anh (author), Gratiot, Nicolas (author), Santini, William (author), Ribolzi, Olivier (author), Tran, Duc (author), Meriaux, Xavier (author), Deleersnijder, E.L.C. (author), Soares-Frazão, Sandra (author)
The Mekong river is one of the largest rivers in the world, which flows through six countries of Southeast Asia (China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam). Its hydro-sedimentary regime is changing rapidly, as a consequence of a regional shift of land use (agriculture, road, etc.), damming, sand mining and climate changes, among...
journal article 2020
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Epifano, E. (author), Prieur, D. (author), Martin, P. M. (author), Guéneau, C. (author), Dardenne, K. (author), Rothe, J. (author), Vitova, T. (author), Dieste, O. (author), Konings, R.J.M. (author)
In the context of a comprehensive campaign for the characterisation of transmutation fuels for next generation nuclear reactors, the melting behaviour of mixed uranium-americium dioxides has been experimentally studied for the first time by laser heating, for Am concentrations up to 70 mol. % under different types of atmospheres. Extensive...
journal article 2020
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Liebrand, Luka C. (author), van Wingen, Guido A. (author), Vos, F.M. (author), Denys, Damiaan (author), Caan, Matthan W.A. (author)
Given the restricted total scanning time for clinical neuroimaging, it is unclear whether clinical diffusion MRI protocols would benefit more from higher spatial resolution or higher angular resolution. In this work, we investigated the relative benefit of improving spatial or angular resolution in diffusion MRI to separate two parallel...
journal article 2020
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Shakerifard, B. (author), Galan Lopez, J. (author), Kestens, L.A.I. (author)
The third generation of advanced high strength steels shows promising properties for automotive applications. The macroscopic mechanical response of this generation can be further improved by a better understanding of failure mechanisms on the microstructural level and micro-mechanical behavior under various loading conditions. In the current...
journal article 2020
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van der Horst, M.P. (author), Kaminski, M.L. (author)
The metal magnetic memory method is a novel technique for monitoring fatigue cracks in steel structures, which can reduce operational expenses and increase safety by minimizing inspections. The crack geometry can be identified by measuring the self magnetic flux leakage, which is induced by the Earth’s magnetic field and the permanent...
journal article 2020
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Kovacsova, N. (author), Vlakveld, W. P. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
Research shows that the ability to anticipate safety-critical situations is predictive of safe performance in traffic. Thus far, hazard anticipation training has been developed mainly for car drivers. These training programs may not be appropriate for cyclists who are exposed to different types of hazards. This study aimed to develop a PC...
journal article 2020
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Yang, Jinxin (author), Wong, Man Sing (author), Ho, Hung Chak (author), Krayenhoff, E. Scott (author), Chan, P. W. (author), Abbas, Sawaid (author), Menenti, M. (author)
The complete surface temperature (T<sub>c</sub>) in urban areas, defined as the mean temperature of the total active surface area, is an important variable in urban micro-climate research, specifically for assessment of the urban surface energy balance. Since most vertically-oriented building facets are not observed by a nadir-viewing remote...
journal article 2020
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van Turnhout, A.G. (author), Oonk, Hans (author), Scharff, Heijo (author), Heimovaara, T.J. (author)
In order to reduce the environmental and financial burden for future generations, approaches are needed to shorten aftercare of landfills. Aeration of the waste-body is a promising approach, however, the poor understanding of transport of gas and water through a waste-body makes it difficult to design an effective aeration strategy. The aim of...
journal article 2020
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Nguyen, H.T. (author), Soloviev, O.A. (author), Verhaegen, M.H.G. (author)
We present an efficient phase retrieval approach for imaging systems with high numerical aperture based on the vectorial model of the point spread function. The algorithm is in the class of alternating minimization methods and can be adjusted for applications with either known or unknown amplitude of the field in the pupil. The algorithm...
journal article 2020
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Kiragosyan, Karine (author), Picard, Magali (author), Sorokin, D. (author), Dijkstra, Jelmer (author), Klok, Johannes B.M. (author), Roman, Pawel (author), Janssen, Albert J.H. (author)
Removal of organic and inorganic sulfur compounds from sour gases is required because of their toxicity and atmospheric pollution. The most common are hydrogen sulfide (H<sub>2</sub>S) and methanethiol (MT). Under oxygen-limiting conditions about 92 mol% of sulfide is oxidized to sulfur by haloalkaliphilic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB),...
journal article 2020
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Wilfert, P.K. (author), Meerdink, J. (author), Degaga, B. (author), Temmink, H. (author), Korving, L. (author), Witkamp, G.J. (author), Goubitz, K. (author), van Loosdrecht, M.C.M. (author)
Sulfide is frequently suggested as a tool to release and recover phosphate from iron phosphate rich waste streams, such as sewage sludge, although systematic studies on mechanisms and efficiencies are missing. Batch experiments were conducted with different synthetic iron phosphates (purchased Fe(III)P, Fe(III)P synthesized in the lab and...
journal article 2020
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Ataei Dadavi, I. (author), Chakkingal, M. (author), Kenjeres, S. (author), Kleijn, C.R. (author), Tummers, M.J. (author)
This paper reports on an experimental study of mixed convection flow and heat transfer in a vented, differentially side-heated cubical cavity filled with a porous medium consisting of relatively large solid low-conductivity spheres. Rayleigh numbers and Reynolds numbers are varied over the ranges 6 × 10<sup>6</sup> &lt; Ra &lt; 7 × 10<sup>7<...
journal article 2020
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Saraswat, Yug C. (author), Ibis, F. (author), Rossi, L. (author), Sasso, L. (author), Eral, H.B. (author), Fanzio, P. (author)
Hypothesis: Our ability to dictate the colloid geometry is intimately related to self-assembly. The synthesis of anisotropic colloidal particles is currently dominated by wet chemistry and lithographic techniques. The wet chemical synthesis offers limited particle geometries at bulk quantities. Lithographic techniques, on the other hand,...
journal article 2020
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Vasilic, Željko (author), Stanic, Miloš (author), Kapelan, Z. (author), Prodanovic, Dušan (author), Babic, Branislav (author)
Sectorization of a water distribution network (WDN) into district metered areas (DMAs) is a proven solution for proactive leakage control. Traditionally, WDN sectorization is conducted by local experts using a trial-and-error approach, often resulting in the identification of arbitrary solutions. Some recently published methods try to improve...
journal article 2020
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Gabba, Matteo (author), Frallicciardi, Jacopo (author), van ’t Klooster, Joury (author), Henderson, Ryan (author), Syga, Łukasz (author), Mans, R. (author), van Maris, A.J.A. (author), Poolman, Bert (author)
We present a fluorescence-based approach for determination of the permeability of small molecules across the membranes of lipid vesicles and living cells. With properly designed experiments, the method allows us to assess the membrane physical properties both in vitro and in vivo. We find that the permeability of weak acids increases in the...
journal article 2020
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Fang, W. (author), Zhang, X. (author), Zhang, Panyue (author), Carol Morera, Xavier (author), van Lier, J.B. (author), Spanjers, H.L.F.M. (author)
White rot fungi using P. sajor-caju and T. versicolor was examined to pretreat raw champost (lignin-rich) and oyster champost (cellulose-rich) for enhancement of fermentative volatile fatty acid (VFA) production. Results showed that the efficiency of pretreatment and VFA production was influenced by the fungal strains and substrates. P. sajor...
journal article 2020
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Martinez Gallar, B. (author), van Oudheusden, B.W. (author), Sciacchitano, A. (author), Karasek, M. (author)
Abstract: The objective of this experimental investigation is the volumetric visualization of the near wake topology of the vortex structures generated by a flapping-wing micro air vehicle. To achieve the required visualization domain (which in the present experiments amounts to a size of 60,000 cm<sup>3</sup>), use is made of robotic...
journal article 2020
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Felz, S. (author), Neu, Thomas R. (author), van Loosdrecht, M.C.M. (author), Lin, Y. (author)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are linear heteropolysaccharides containing a derivative of an amino sugar. The possibility of the presence of GAGs in aerobic granular sludge was studied by combining SDS-PAGE with Alcian Blue staining (at pH 2.5 and 1), FTIR, mammalian Hyaluronic acid and sulfated GAG analysis kits, enzymatic digestion and specific...
journal article 2020
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Fu, J. (author), Brouwer, J.C. (author), Hendrikx, R.W.A. (author), Richardson, I.M. (author), Hermans, M.J.M. (author)
The present work deals with oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) Eurofer steel fabricated by powder metallurgy involving mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering. A heat treatment route including normalising and tempering was applied to the as-produced steel, based on differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurement. The...
journal article 2020
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