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Burbach, Peter P.H. (author), Meijer, D.H.M. (author)
Latrophilins (LPHNs) are adhesion GPCRs that are originally discovered as spider’s toxin receptors, but are now known to be involved in brain development and linked to several neuronal and non-neuronal disorders. Latrophilins act in conjunction with other cell adhesion molecules and may play a leading role in its network organization. Here,...
review 2019
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Burek, Bastien O. (author), Bormann, S (author), Hollmann, F. (author), Bloh, Jonathan Z. (author), Holtmann, Dirk (author)
in chemical processes more and more enzymatic syntheses based on hydrogen peroxide were developed....
review 2019
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Adusei-Gyamfi, Junias (author), Ouddane, Baghdad (author), Rietveld, L.C. (author), Cornard, Jean Paul (author), Criquet, Justine (author)
The quality and quantity of natural organic matter (NOM) has been observed to evolve which poses challenges to water treatment facilities. Even though NOM may not be toxic itself, its presence in water has aesthetic effects, enhances biological growth in distribution networks, binds with pollutants and controls the bioavailability of trace...
review 2019
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Schrijvers, Jim (author), van den Noort, Josien C. (author), van der Esch, Martin (author), Dekker, Joost (author), Harlaar, J. (author)
Background: Instability of the knee joint during gait is frequently reported by patients with knee osteoarthritis or an anterior cruciate ligament rupture. The assessment of instability in clinical practice and clinical research studies mainly relies on self-reporting. Alternatively, parameters measured with gait analysis have been explored...
review 2019
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Saadabadi, S.A. (author), Thallam Thattai, A. (author), Fan, L. (author), Lindeboom, R.E.F. (author), Spanjers, H. (author), Purushothaman Vellayani, P.V. (author)
Anaerobic Digestion (AD) is used worldwide for treating organic waste and wastewater. Biogas produced can be converted using conventional energy conversion devices to provide energy efficient, integrated waste solutions. Typically, the electrical conversion-efficiency of these devices is 30–40% and is lowered due to biogas utilization instead...
review 2019
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Gotor-Fernández, Vicente (author), Paul, C.E. (author)
Deep eutectic solvents (DES) are a class of neoteric solvents used in multiple applications amongst which biocatalytic processes. Due to its simple preparation, low cost and inherent biodegradable properties, its use as a non-volatile biocompatible co-solvent with both whole cells and isolated enzymes has displayed increased enzyme activity...
review 2019
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Guarneri, A. (author), van Berkel, Willem (author), Paul, C.E. (author)
Coenzymes are ubiquitous in Nature, assisting in enzyme-catalysed reactions. Several coenzymes, nicotinamides and flavins, have been known for close to a century, whereas variations of those organic molecules have more recently come to light. In general, the requirement of these coenzymes imposes certain constraints for in vitro enzyme use in...
review 2019
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Vendel, K.J.A. (author), Tschirpke, S. (author), Shamsi, F. (author), Dogterom, A.M. (author), Laan, L. (author)
Cell polarity - the morphological and functional differentiation of cellular compartments in a directional manner - is required for processes such as orientation of cell division, directed cellular growth and motility. How the interplay of components within the complexity of a cell leads to cell polarity is still heavily debated. In this...
review 2019
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Bocken, N.M.P. (author), Strupeit, Lars (author), Whalen, Katherine (author), Nußholz, Julia (author)
The circular economy has been heralded as a potential driver for sustainable development by business, academia, and policymakers. In a future circular economy, new business models are needed that slow, close and narrow resource loops to address key resource and climate challenges. After a phase of excitement and inspiration, an...
review 2019
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Steinert, S. (author), Friedrich, Orsolya (author)
Ethical issues concerning brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) have already received a considerable amount of attention. However, one particular form of BCI has not received the attention that it deserves: Affective BCIs that allow for the detection and stimulation of affective states. This paper brings the ethical issues of affective BCIs in...
review 2019
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Vilhunen, Tuuli (author), Kojo, Matti (author), Litmanen, Tapio (author), Taebi, B. (author)
Final disposal of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) from nuclear power plants (NPPs) is an ethical issue with implications within and across generations. We address this issue from the perspective of nuclear communities that host nuclear waste disposal sites. These are primarily the communities that face injustice due to the potential radiological...
review 2019
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Paul, Suvash Chandra (author), Mbewe, Peter B. K. (author), Kong, Sih Ying (author), Šavija, B. (author)
Concrete production utilizes cement as its major ingredient. Cement production is an important consumer of natural resources and energy. Furthermore, the cement industry is a significant CO2 producer. To reduce the environmental impact of concrete production, supplementary cementitious materials such as fly ash, blast furnace slag, and silica...
review 2019
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Gariglio, S. (author), Caviglia, A. (author), Triscone, J. M. (author), Gabay, M. (author)
Within the last twenty years, the status of the spinorbit interaction has evolved from that of a simple atomic contribution to a key effect that modifies the electronic band structure of materials. It is regarded as one of the basic ingredients for spintronics, locking together charge and spin degrees of freedom and recently it is...
review 2019
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Ikeda, Yuji (author), Grabowski, Blazej (author), Körmann, F.H.W. (author)
Multicomponent alloys with multiple principal elements including high entropy alloys (HEAs) and compositionally complex alloys (CCAs) are attracting rapidly growing attention. The endless possibilities to explore new alloys and the hope for better combinations of materials properties have stimulated a remarkable number of research works in...
review 2019
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Liu, K. (author), Smith, W.A. (author), Burdyny, Thomas (author)
review 2019
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Suresh Kumar, P. (author), Korving, Leon (author), van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M. (author), Witkamp, G.J. (author)
Eutrophication and the resulting formation of harmful algal blooms (HAB) causes huge economic and environmental damages. Phosphorus (P) from sewage effluent and agricultural run-off has been identified as a major cause for eutrophication. Phosphorous concentrations greater than 100 μg P/L are usually considered high enough to cause...
review 2019
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Modaresifar, K. (author), Azizian Amiri, S. (author), Ganjian, M. (author), Fratila-Apachitei, E.L. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
We systematically reviewed the currently available evidence on how the design parameters of surface nanopatterns (e.g. height, diameter, and interspacing) relate to their bactericidal behavior. The systematic search of the literature resulted in 46 studies that satisfied the inclusion criteria of examining the bactericidal behavior of...
review 2019
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Sarkiri, Maria (author), Fox, Stephan C. (author), Fratila-Apachitei, E.L. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
Clinical use of bioengineered skin in reconstructive surgery has been established for more than 30 years. The limitations and ethical considerations regarding the use of animal models have expanded the application of bioengineered skin in the areas of disease modeling and drug screening. These skin models should represent the anatomical and...
review 2019
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Poltorak, L. (author), Sudholter, Ernst J. R. (author), de Puit, M. (author)
In this review, we describe the importance and possible electrochemical screening methods for the illicit drug – cocaine. It covers the detection at bare and modified solid electrodes, soft electrified junctions and nanopore sensing. Emphasis is given on interfacial modification techniques and electroanalytical parameters for cocaine...
review 2019
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Nuijens, Louise (author), Siebesma, A.P. (author)
Purpose of Review: We review our understanding of mechanisms underlying the response of (sub)tropical clouds to global warming, highlight mechanisms that challenge our understanding, and discuss simulation strategies that tackle them. Recent Findings: Turbulence-resolving models and emergent constraints provide probable evidence, supported by...
review 2019
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